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AP US History
Name: ____________________
Date: _________ Per.: _____
1. What post war aims were agreed upon during the Yalta Conference in Feb. of 1945? Who were the “Big
2. Explain the root of the tension between the US and the USSR that became clear at the end of the war.
3. What was the main objective of the USSR following the war and why did that goal make the US
4. What international institutions were created at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944 and what was the
purpose of each institution?
What were some early successes of the UN and what was its first major failure?
What did the Big Three powers agree to do about postwar Germany?
Explain the term Iron Curtain and what two regions it separated
What did Truman do in response to the Soviet blockade of Berlin? How did this become a symbol for
the Cold War?
9. What was George Kennan's approach to fighting the Cold War and where was it first tested?
10. Why was the following quote by Truman (aka Truman Doctrine) controversial?
“…it must be the policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting
attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure.”
11. What was the Marshall Plan and why was it necessary? How effective was it?
12. Why did Truman recognize Israel?
13. List specific evidence of the increasing military importance in the U.S. following the end of WWII.
14. Explain the purpose of NATO. Why did the US join NATO and why is this considered a turning point
for US foreign policy?
15. What was the goal of General MacArthur for Japan in the post war period? Was he successful?
16. Why was the collapse of the Nationalists in China to the Communists in China such a defeat for the
17. What was the other shock to the West in 1949? How did Truman respond?
18. What was NSC-68 and how was it impacted by the invasion of South Korea by North Korea?
19. Follow the major events during the Korean War. Why did Truman finally remove MacArthur from
20. Why were some government employees required to take a “loyalty oath” in the 1950s?
21. What was the HUAC? Why were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg executed in 1953?
22. Explain the term “McCarthyism.” What other time period in history can you relate this to?
23. How did Congress change the Pledge of allegiance in 1954? What did this change symbolize?
24. What did Executive Order 9981 and what president issued it?
25. What did Americans fear would happen after WWII?
26. How did the Taft-Hartley Act, passed over Truman’s veto, hurt labor unions? What decade did the
number of organized private-sector workers peak?
27. What actions did Truman and his Democratic administration take to forestall the economic downturn?
28. Why did southern Democrats split from the party in the 1948 elections?
29. What was Truman's Fair Deal policy? Was it successful?
30. Which group benefited most from post war prosperity? Cite some evidence to prove your assertion.
31. What factors sparked the long economic boom from 1945 to 1970?
32. What region of the country saw its population grow the most following WWII? Why?
33. What were factors that led to the growth to the suburbs in America?
34. What was the baby boom? How did the baby boom impact the American economy?
35. What problem will the baby boom generation cause as they retire?