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Transcript
SustainingU.S.SecurityandLeadershipintheArctic
NATOalliesrecentlyrecognizedattheNATOWarsawSummitthat“thereisanarcofinsecurityand
instabilityalongNATO’speripheryandbeyond.”Forus,thisreinforcestheneedtofocusonaregion
ofgrowinggeostrategicandeconomicimportancethatdeservesourincreasedattention–the
Arctic.WhiletheSummitrespondedtoRussia’sresurgenceonNATO’seasternflankandaddressed
terroristandmigrationchallengesemanatingfromNATO’ssouth,alliesshoulddomoretoaddress
futurechallengesintheArcticnorth.Stabilityandsecurityinthefarnorthisatacrossroads,with
environmentalchanges,commercialopportunitiesandtheeconomicandmilitaryactivityoflittoral
statesimpactingAmericansecurity.Inensuringthepeaceful,prosperousandprudentdevelopment
ofthiscriticalregion,theU.S.shouldcontinuetoplayaleadershiproleandmaintainabroad,
strategicapproachtoquestionsofArcticpolicy,notonlyinregardstonationalsecurity,butalsoin
regardstoeconomic,environmentalandenergysecuritypolicy.
SinceApril2015,theU.S.hasheldthetwo-yearchairoftheArcticCouncil,leadingaforumthat
includesfiveNATOmembers.WhiletheU.S.hasuseditspositiontoelevateArcticissues,ithasnot
builtthepresencerequiredtomaintainregionalsecurityandstability,aneffortthatwillneedyears
ofconsistenteffort.DuetoaconvergenceofforeigninterestsandtheArctic’schangingphysical
geography,theU.S.isatriskofbeingeclipsedbyotherArcticstatesforaccessandinfluence.
AstheU.S.considerswhetherandatwhatleveltoengageintheArctic,otherlittoralstatesare
movingforwardwiththeirownplans.Recently,forexampleRussialaunchedthelargestandmost
powerfulicebreakerintheworld.Russiaisfocusingmoremilitarycapabilitiesandeconomic
investmentintheArctic.VladimirPutinhasbeenveryclearthatRussiaintendstorampupits
Arcticpresence,tellinghisSecurityCouncilintheKremlin,"Overdecades,stepbystep,Russiahas
builtup,strengtheneditspositionsintheArctic,andourgoalisnotonlytoregainthem,butalsoto
qualitativelystrengthenthem."Russianmilitaryactivityonlyreinforcestheneedtopayattention.
Arcticpresenceismulti-faceted,asstatespositionthemselvesviaeconomicandmilitarymeansto
competeforinfluenceandaccess.Giventheimportanceofpublic-privatepartnershipinadvancing
U.S.nationalsecurityinterestsglobally,non-governmentalorganizations,businessesandother
stakeholdersshouldcontributetoU.S.policydecisionsandkeepCongressregularlyconsulted.U.S.
SpecialRep.fortheArcticRobertPapprecentlycalledit“vitallyimportant”fortheUSGtokeep
“privatebusinessconcernsattheforefront…[as]theywillbringtheirexpertiseandintereststohelp
uswithmanyoftheprojectsthatwehavewithintheArcticCouncil.”Commercialopportunities
deliverthefunds,resources,andinfrastructurerequiredtobuildastrongregionalpresence.
Forexample,CanadahasspurredresponsibleprivateinvestmentbycreatinganArcticEconomic
Counciltoconvenepublicandprivatesectorstakeholderstodiscusslocalcommunityinterestin
commercialfishing,energyexploration,shipping,scientificresearch,tourismandenvironmental
preservation.Public-privatepartnershipsarekeytodevelopingcriticalinfrastructure,whichthe
regiondesperatelyneeds.
AllmajorU.S.agencyArcticstrategiesrelyongovernmentandprivatesectorcooperation,including
privateinfrastructureinvestmentsthatfacilitatepresenceandleverageresources.Giventhe
importanceoftheArctictoU.S.interests,itisimperativethatallU.S.nationalsecurityagenciesare
consultedandconsiderthenationalsecuritybenefitsofretainingU.S.commercialengagementin
theArcticwhenmakingdecisionsonArcticpresence.Ultimately,openingArcticcommercial
opportunitieswillresultinenhancedfocus,leadership,andresourcesrequiredtofulfillinvestment
needsintheregion.RecenteventsinEuropereinforcestheneedfortheU.S.andouralliesto
remaincommittedtoarobustandcooperativeframeworkintheArctic,asresurgentpowerswill
seektotakeadvantageoftrans-Atlanticdivisionstofurthertheirinterests.Webelieveitiscritical
toestablishameaningfulpresenceintheArcticandensurethatournationandfellowNATO
memberscandemonstratetheleadershiptoplayaprominentroleintheregion’sfuture.
GeneralJamesL.Jones,USMC(Ret.)
FormerNationalSecurityAdvisortoPresidentBarackObama;FormerSupremeAlliedCommander
EuropeforNATOandCommanderofU.S.EuropeanCommand
AmbassadorMarcGrossman
FormerUnderSecretaryofStateforPoliticalAffairs
AmbassadorPaulaJ.Dobriansky
FormerUnderSecretaryofStateforGlobalAffairs
AmbassadorRobertJoseph
FormerUnderSecretaryofStateforArmsControlandInternationalSecurity
AmbassadorEricEdelman
FormerUnderSecretaryofDefenseforPolicy
TheHonorableJamesN.Miller
FormerUndersecretaryofDefenseforPolicy
AmbassadorKristenSilverberg
FormerU.S.AmbassadortotheEuropeanUnion
AmbassadorKurtVolker
FormerU.S.PermanentRepresentativetoNATO
TheHonorableAndrewShapiro
FormerAssistantSecretaryofStateforPolitical-MilitaryAffairs
TheHonorableStephenRademaker
FormerAssistantSecretaryofStateforArmsControlandforInternationalSecurityand
Nonproliferation
TheHonorableDavidJ.Kramer
FormerAssistantSecretaryofStateforDemocracy,HumanRightsandLabor
TheHonorableDerekChollet
FormerAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforInternationalSecurityAffairs
JeremyBash
FormerChiefofStafftoSecretaryofDefenseLeonPanetta
IanBrzezinski
FormerDeputyAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforEuropeandNATOPolicy
Dr.EvelynFarkas
FormerDeputyAssistantSecretaryofDefenseforRussia/Ukraine/Eurasia