eW/FS/WE/001 The water environment Physiography: Geography Geography is the study of the interaction off all human and physical phenomena on the earth's surface and of how interactions among places form patterns and organise space. (http://www.unisa.ac.za) South Africa is one of the most geographically varied countries of the African continent, comprising territory that ranges from the rolling, fertile plains of the highveld and the wide open savanna of the Eastern Transvaal to the Kalahari desert and the peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains (right). South Africa is located on the southern tip of Africa. It stretches from 22°S to 35°S and from 17°E to 33°E. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and the Indian Ocean along the south and east. South Africa’s coastline is 2,798 km in total length. South Africa borders in the north, from west to east, with Namibia (855km), Botswana (1 840km), and Zimbabwe (225km), and in the northeast, with Mozambique (491km) and Swaziland (430km). Whollyenclosed by South Africa, is the independent kingdom of Lesotho with a borderline of 909km. All the land’s boundaries measure 4 750km in total. Almost all of South Africa's 1 219 912 km2 lie below the Tropic of Capricorn, and the country is geographically composed of three primary regions: An expansive central (interior) plateau. Most of the central plateau (and most of the country) consists of high (1,220-1,830m), rolling grassland known as the highveld. Contact: [email protected] URL: www.waterinfo.co.za Prepared by: eWISA Copyright: All right reserved Sponsored by: AA2 A nearly continuous escarpment of mountain ranges that ring the plateau on the west, south, and east. The highest points of the mountainous escarpment are found in the stunning Drakensberg Mountains (dragon's back), where the tips of dragon's back exceeds heights of 3,050m. A narrow strip of low-lying land along the coast. South Africa's extra-territorial holdings include: Robben Island, Dassen Island, and Bird Island in the Atlantic Ocean, and Prince Edward Island and Marion Island about 1 920 kilometres southeast of Cape Town in the Indian Ocean. South Africa is divided into 9 provinces: Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape and the Free State. South Africa’s administrative capital is Pretoria (Gauteng) and its legislative capital and largest city is Cape Town in the Western Cape. The judicial capital is Bloemfontein in the Free State. The southernmost point of Africa is Cape Agulhas, located in the Western Cape Province about 161 km southeast of the Cape of Good Hope. http://www.factmonster.com eWISA Business website is an initiative to improve the skills of all South Africans working in the water sector. It is a partnership between WISA and WAMTechnology cc.