Download Surface Erosion

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Soil contamination wikipedia , lookup

Pedosphere wikipedia , lookup

Erosion wikipedia , lookup

Soil erosion wikipedia , lookup

Soil salinity control wikipedia , lookup

SahysMod wikipedia , lookup

Surface runoff wikipedia , lookup

Surface Erosion
Objectives- Identify and explain how the land is shaped by surface erosion due to moving water
Water creates a variety of landforms, many of which can be found locally. Moving water causes
soil erosion. It begins with rainfall. When rain hits the ground, it can soak in or move across the surface.
Water flowing over the surface is called runoff. Runoff can begin to cut small channels in bare dirt.
These are called rills. You may have noticed these in fields especially during the spring. Rills can join
together to form deeper channels called gullies. Gullies can be several meters deep. Gullies only carry
water after it rains or if there is a spring flowing into it. A stream, unlike a gully, almost always contains
moving water. A river is a larger stream.
There are five factors that affect the amount of runoff. One is the percentage of vegetation,
especially plants that cover the surface of the ground like grasses. Planst slow down how fast the
precipitation flows across the ground allowing more time for it to be absorbed. Another factor is the
type of soil. Loosely packed soils or soils made up of larger particles absorb water more readily and less
runoff happens. The shape of the land also affects runoff. Flat ground produces less runoff than hilly
ground. Almost all the water that falls on hilly ground runs off. How people use the land also affects
runoff. Obviously, all the water that falls on paved over land runs off. Compacted and bare soil produce
more runoff.
1. The reading mentions that there are 5 factors that affect runoff but only 4 are listed. What is the 5th?
2. What type of soil will allow more water to runoff, sand or clay? Explain.