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AP Psychology
Vocabulary Choice Menu
You must complete ONE of the following activities for the first unit in Psychology. After the first
unit anyone can continue to complete vocabulary for an extra points. However, if you fail a
vocabulary quiz you will be required to complete one vocabulary activity for the next unit. BUT
the good news is if you pass a vocabulary quiz you are not required to complete the vocabulary
activity for the next unit.
Option 1: Traditional Vocab
Write a textbook definition
for each vocabulary term in
a notebook. Then you must
also write what I call a “Mrs
Graham” definition. A “Mrs
Graham” definition is an
easy definition, written in
easy terms. Write the name
of the unit (i.e. Unit 1:
History and Approaches) at
the top of the page. Also,
you must number the terms
going down the left side of
the page.
Option 2: Flashcards
For each vocabulary term,
write the word on the front
of an index card and the
definition on the back of the
card., you should be able to
easily “flip” through the
cards to study your
vocabulary terms.
Option 3: Unit Preview Report
Review each vocabulary term
assigned for the unit. Select at
least half of the terms and use
those terms appropriately in a
report that summarizes what you
currently know about the unit we
are preparing to discuss. Your
summary should NOT include
basic definitions. This is a formal
writing assignment that requires
thoughtfulness, proper grammar,
and “flow.” Use your textbook or
other source to clarify your
understanding prior to writing
BUT plagiarism (the copying of
material without giving credit to
the originator) will NOT be
tolerated.
Option 4: Original
Crossword Puzzle
Using my template or an
online crossword puzzle
generator, create an
ORIGINAL crossword puzzle
using all of your vocabulary
terms. You may shorten
your definitions BUT the
descriptions should be
specific and discernable.
You must turn in a paper
copy of your crossword
puzzle and an answer key.
Option 5: Quizlet
You may go to Quizlet.com
and create a set of study
cards using all of the
vocabulary terms for the
assigned unit. Do this using
the rules of the vocab in
Option 1. Join our class on
Quizlett, GRAHAM's AP
PSYCHOLOGY. You can use
your set to play games/take
practice tests/etc.
Option 6: Meaningful
Generalizations
Review all of the vocabulary
terms for the assigned unit and
group the terms together based
on patterns/relationships. Once
the words have been grouped,
you must write a short
description (at least 3 sentences)
that explains the grouping of your
terms. Your explanation should
indicate a clear understanding of
the terms in review.
Unit 1 History and Approaches
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empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
behaviorism
humanistic psychology
cognitive neuroscience
psychology
nature-nurture issues
natural selection
levels of analysis
biopsychosocial approach
biological psychology
evolutionary psychology
psychodynamic psychology
behavioral psychology
cognitive psychology
sociocultural psychology
psychometrics
basic research
developmental psychology
educational psychology
personality psychology
social psychology
applied research
industrial-organizational
psychology
human factors psychology
counseling psychology
psychiatry
SQ3R
clinical psychologist
Unit 2 Research
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hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
operational definition
replication
case study
survey
population
random sample
naturalistic observation
correlation
correlational coefficient
scatterplot
illusory correlation
experiment
random assignment
double blind procedure
placebo effect
experimental group
control group
independent variable
confounding variable
dependent variable
mode
mean
median
range
standard deviation
normal curve
statistical significance
culture
informed consent
debriefing
Unit 3a Nervous and Endocrine Systems
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biological psychology
neuron
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneurons
dendrite
axon
myelin sheath
action potential
threshold
synapse
neurotransmitters
reuptake
endorphins
nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
nerves
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
reflex
endocrine system
hormones
adrenal glands
pituitary gland
Unit 3b The Brain
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lesion
electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (computed tomography) scan
PET (positron emission tomography)
scan
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
fMRI (functional MRI)
brain stem
medulla
reticular formation
thalamus
cerebellum
limbic system
amygdala
hypothalamus
cerebral cortex
glial cells
frontal lobes
parietal lobes
occipital lobes
temporal lobes
motor cortex
sensory cortex
aphasia
Broca’s area
Wernicke’s area
plasticity
neurogensis
corpus callosum
split brain
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
association areas
Unit 3c Genetics
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behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genes
genome
identical twins
fraternal twins
heritability
interaction
molecular genetics
evolutionary psychology
natural selection
mutation
Unit 4- Sensation and Perception
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sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
selective attention
inattentional blindness
change blindness
psychophysics
absolute threshold
signal detection theory
subliminal
priming
difference threshold
Weber's law
sensory adaptation
transduction
wavelength
hue
intensity
pupil
iris
lens
retina
accommodation
rods
cones
(continued)
Unit 4 Sensation and Perception
(continued)
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optic nerve
blind spot
fovea
feature detectors
parallel processing
Young-Helmholtz trichromatic
theory
opponent-process theory
audition
frequency
pitch
middle ear
cochlea
inner ear
place theory
frequency theory
conduction hearing loss
sensorineural hearing loss
cochlear implant
kinesthesis sense
vestibular sense
gate-control theory
sensory interaction
Gestalt and Gestalt grouping
principles
figure-ground
grouping
depth perception
visual cliff
binocular cues
monocular cues
retinal disparity
phi phenomenon
perceptual constancy
color constancy
perceptual adaptation
perceptual set
extrasensory perception (ESP)
parapsychology
Unit 5 States of Consciousness
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consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM sleep
alpha waves
sleep
hallucinations
delta sleep (waves)
NREM
insomnia
narcolepsy
sleep apnea
night terrors
dream
manifest content
latent content
REM rebound
hypnosis
posthypnotic suggestion
dissociation
psychoactive drug
tolerance
withdrawal
physical dependence
psychological dependence
addiction
depressants
stimulants
hallucinogens
barbiturates
opiates
amphetamines
Ecstacy (MDMA)
LSD (lysergic acid
diethylamide)
THC
near-death experience
Unit 6 Learning
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associative learning
habituation
classical conditioning (Pavlovian
conditioning)
learning
behaviorism
unconditioned response (UCR)
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
conditioned response (CR)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
acquisition
extinction
spontaneous recovery
generalization
discrimination
learned helplessness
operant conditioning
law of effect
operant chamber (Skinner box)
shaping
reinforcer
primary reinforcer
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
conditioned reinforcer
continuous reinforcement
partial reinforcement
FI (fixed interval) schedule
VI (variable interval) schedule
FR (fixed ratio) schedule
VR (variable ratio) schedule
punishment
cognitive map
latent learning
insight
intrinsic motivation
extrinsic motivation
observational learning
modeling
mirror neurons
prosocial behavior
Unit 7a Memory
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memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
sensory memory
short-term memory
long-term memory
working memory
parallel processing
automatic processing
effortful processing
rehearsal
spacing effect
serial position effect
semantic encoding
acoustic encoding
visual encoding
imagery
mnemonics
chunking
iconic memory
echoic memory
long-term potentiation (LTP)
amnesia
flashbulb memory
implicit memory
explicit memory
hippocampus
recall
recognition
relearning
priming
deja vu
mood congruent memory
proactive interference
retroactive interference
repression
misinformation effect
source amnesia
Unit 7b Thinking Language and Problem
Solving
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cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
heuristic
insight
creativity
confirmation bias
fixation
mental set
functional fixedness
availability heuristic
overconfidence
framing
belief perseverance
intuition
language
phoneme
morpheme
grammar
semantics
syntax
babbling stage
one-word stage
two-word stage
telegraphic speech
linguistic determinism
Unit 8a Motivation
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motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
incentive
hierarchy of needs
Yerkes-Dodson law
glucose
set point
basal metabolic rate
anorexia nervosa
bulimia nervosa
binge-eating disorder
sexual response cycle
refractory period
estrogen
testosterone
sexual orientation
Unit 8b Emotion, Stress and Health
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Unit 9 Developmental
1. developmental psychology
2. zygote
3. embryo
4. fetus
5. teratogens
6. fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
7. habituation
8. maturation
9. schema
10. assimilation
11. accommodation
12. cognition
13. sensorimotor stage
14. object permanence
15. preoperational stage
(continued)
emotion
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory
two-factor theory
polygraph
facial feedback
catharsis
feel-good, do-good phenomenon
well-being
adaptation-level phenomenon
relative deprivation
stress
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
health psychology
behavioral medicine
coronary heart disease
Type A
Type B
psychophysiological illness
psychoneuroimmunology
lymphocytes
Unit 9 Developmental (continued)
16. conservation
17. egocentrism
18. theory of mind
19. concrete operational stage
20. formal operational stage
21. autism
22. stranger anxiety
23. attachment
24. critical period
25. imprinting
26. temperament
27. basic trust
28. self-concept
29. gender-biological and social
characteristics that make you male
or female (continued)
Unit 9 Developmental (continued)
30. aggression
31. X chromosome
32. Y chromosome
33. adolescence
34. testosterone
35. role
36. gender role- set of expected norms
for males and females
37. gender identity-our sense of being
male or female
38. gender typing-acquisition of male
or female roles
39. social learning theory
40. puberty
41. primary sex characteristics
42. secondary sex characteristics
43. menarche
44. identity
45. social identity
46. intimacy
47. emerging adulthood
48. menopause
49. cross-sectional study
50. longitudinal study
51. crystallized intelligence
52. fluid intelligence
53. social clock
Unit 10 Personality
1.
personality
2.
free association
3.
psychoanalysis
4.
unconscious
5.
preconscious
6.
id
7.
ego
8.
superego
9.
psychosexual stages
10.
Oedipus complex
11.
identification
12.
fixation
13.
defense mechanisms
14.
repression
15.
regression
16.
reaction formation
17.
projection
18.
rationalization
19.
displacement
20.
sublimation
21.
denial
22.
collective unconscious
23.
projective test
24.
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
25.
Rorschach inkblot test
26.
self actualization
27.
unconditional positive regard
28.
self concept
29.
trait
30.
personality inventory
31.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Inventory (MMPI)
32.
empirically derived test
33.
social cognitive perspective
34.
reciprocal determinism
35.
personal control
36.
external locus of control
37.
internal locus of control
38.
positive psychology
39.
self
40.
spotlight effect
41.
self-esteem
42.
self-serving bias
43.
individualism
44.
collectivism
Unit 11 Testing and Individual Differences
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intelligence test
intelligence
factor analysis
general intelligence (g)
savant syndrome
emotional intelligence
mental age
Stanford-Binet
intelligence quotient (IQ)
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
(WAIS)
aptitude test
achievement test
standardization
normal curve
reliability
validity
content validity
predictive validity
intellectual disability
Down syndrome
stereotype threat
Unit 12 Abnormal Psychology
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psychological disorder
attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder (ADHD)
medical model
DSM-V
anxiety disorders
generalized anxiety disorder
panic disorder
phobia
obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD)
post-traumatic stress disorder
(PTSD)
post-traumatic growth
conversion disorder
hypochondriasis
major depressive disorder
mania
bipolar disorder
dissociative disorders
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
personality disorders
antisocial personality disorder
schizophrenia
delusions
Unit 13 Treatment of Disorders
1. psychotherapy
2. eclectic approach
3. psychoanalysis
4. resistance
5. interpretation
6. transference
7. psychodynamic therapy
8. insight therapies
9. client-centered therapy
10. active listening
11. unconditional positive regard
12. behavior therapy
13. counterconditioning
14. exposure therapy
15. systematic desensitization
16. virtual reality exposure therapy
17. aversive conditioning
18. token economy
19. cognitive therapy
20. cognitive-behavior therapy
21. family therapy
22. biomedical therapy
23. antipsychotic drugs
24. tartive dyskinesia
25. antianxiety drugs
26. antidepressant drugs
27. electroconvulsive therapy
(ECT)
28. psychosurgery
29. lobotomy
30. resilience
31. deinstitutionalization
Unit 14 Social Psychology
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social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
Central route persuasion
Peripheral route persuasion
foot-in-the-door phenomenon
role
cognitive-dissonance theory
conformity
social facilitation
social loafing
deindividuation
group polarization
groupthink
culture
norm
personal space
prejudice
stereotype
discrimination
ingroup
outgroup
ingroup bias
scapegoat theory
other-race effect
just-world phenomenon
aggression
frustration-aggression principle
conflict
social trap
mere exposure effect
passionate love
companionate love
equity
self-disclosure
altruism
bystander effect
social exchange theory
superordinate goals
reciprocity norm
mirror image perceptions
self-fulfilling prophecy
social-responsibility norm
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