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Transcript
BELLWORK: BLOCK 2
1. How is the prescribed content in this unit divided?
2. Describe the U.S. policies of Cash & Carry and Lend-Lease.
How did they help Britain and hurt Germany while
maintaining U.S. neutrality?
3. Why was the Grand Alliance formed?
4. What was The Atlantic Charter? (Include decisions reached
– page 15-16)
5. Why did Stalin distrust the US/UK in 1942?
6. THINKER: Read “the establishment of the United Nations”
on pgs. 23-24  What did the major powers agree on
regarding the UN? How was it different than the LofN?
Growth of Tension: Origins of the
Cold War
1943-1949
Cash & Carry Policy
Lend-Lease Act
How did they help Britain and hurt Germany
while maintaining U.S. neutrality?
The Grand Alliance
• Why was the Grand
Alliance formed?
• After Germany
invaded the Soviet
Union in June 1941,
the US and Great
Britain send aide 
beginning of Grand
Alliance
Although the
US/UK sent
aide to the
USSR, Stalin
still distrusted
them…..why?
The Atlantic Charter
• August 1941: US & UK
• Promised to:
• Employ full resources (military &
economic) against Axis powers
• Cooperate with all Allied
governments  do NOT make
separate peace with Axis powers
• Set up a post-war world where
there would be self-government,
equal trade, labor/wage standards,
safety and a permanent system of
general security (UN!)
Why were
these points
so important
to Churchill
and
Roosevelt?
What did
the major
powers
agree on
regarding
the UN?
How was it
different
than the
LofN?
HOMEWORK: due Friday!
• Read about the Wartime Conferences:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Casablanca
Cairo
Tehran
Moscow
Yalta
Potsdam
• Focus your annotations on:
– Goals of the major powers
– Reasons for conflict/tension
– Solutions and decisions reached
BELLWORK: 3/24
1. Describe the concept of the “Four Policemen.” How did
the members of the Grand Alliance view this concept?
2. In your opinion, what was the biggest source of tension
between members of the Grand Alliance?
3. THINKER: At each conference, there appeared to be a
constant disagreement between pragmatic solutions, the
realities of war, and the philosophical visions of the postwar world. What examples from the conferences prove
this to be true? How would this impact the Grand
Alliance’s ability to compromise?
The Four Policemen
Casablanca Conference, January 1943
FDR and Churchill meet with
French generals Henri Giraud
and Charles de Gaulle
Cairo Conference, Nov. 22-26, 1943
Tehran Conference: November 1943
Moscow, Oct.1944 : Percentages
Agreement
Yalta Conference: February 1945
• Declaration of Freedom
for Liberated Europe
committed the “Big 3” to:
• Democratic processes in
the region
• Promoting economic
recovery
• Pursuing anti-Nazi policies
• Helping liberated
countries establish
provisional governments
How would Germany
be ruled?
Changes between Yalta & Potsdam
• Germany surrendered unconditionally
• After FDR’s death, Truman comes to power
and is tougher on Soviets (lacks foreign
policy knowledge)
• Churchill is replaced with new PM Clement
Atlee (focused on domestic issues; loses
India)
• Stalin exploits new leadership
• USSR (Red Army) occupied all of Eastern
Europe
– “Liberators” makes it harder to eject them
• US tested first atomic bomb
Potsdam Conference: July 1945
• Mainly solidified
proposals made at
Yalta
• U.S. was more
inclined to accept
Soviet control in
Europe because
they’re needed
against Japan!!!
Post-War Conference Discussion
• Which issues were
resolved?
• Which issues were
likely to cause
tension in the
future?
HOMEWORK: due BLOCK 1
• Read 1.3: The emergence of superpower rivalry
in Europe, 1945-1949
• Pages 30-37!
• Monday & Wednesday even periods (2, 4, 6)
• Tuesday & Thursday  odd periods (3, 5, 7)