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Celiac Disease
Visuals by Ela Buczek
Presentation by Julianna Campesi
Description of
Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disorder which
damages the lining of the small intestine over time due to
inflammation. This specifically prevents the absorption of
nutrients. The body creates an immune response to attack
gluten, which is how the small intestine is damaged. It’s
estimated that one in every one hundred people have it
globally. There are as many as two and a half million
Americans who have celiac disease and are undiagnosed.
Causes of
Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is genetic, so children who have a parent
with celiac have a 1 in 10 chance of getting it.
The interaction of these genes, environmental factors,
and eating foods with gluten also have been known to
cause celiac disease.
Other possible contributors include gastrointestinal
infections, gut bacteria, and infant feeding practices.
The most common symptoms of celiac disease in adults are diarrhea, fatigue, and
weight loss. Other symptoms include:
Itchy skin rashes/eczema
Joint pain
Acid reflux/heartburn
Symptoms in children usually vary from those that of adults. Children also
experience diarrhea and weight loss, may also exhibit irritability, delayed puberty,
and neurological symptoms (like ADHD). Many people may have no symptoms.
There is no way to prevent celiac
disease, especially if you’re
genetically predisposed for it and
happen to be in the 10% that
receives it from a parent.
To prevent any damage to the
small intestine or symptoms in
general, people who have celiac
disease should opt for a glutenfree diet and avoid gluten as
much as possible (so anything
containing wheat, barley, rye..)
for Celiac Disease
There is no cure for celiac disease, but there are
treatments available.
Most treatments have to do with removing gluten from
your diet and opting for gluten-free foods. However, you
may also take dietary supplements and vitamins to
promote better health and normal body functioning,
development, and growth.
You can also go to group therapies and see specialists
about celiac disease.
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