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Standard 14 Review: American Imperialism The student will explain America’s evolving relationship with the world at the turn of the twentieth century. Background on the Annexation of Hawaii: 1. Why did Hawaiian locals revolt against Queen Liliuokalani? 2. What role did the United States play in this revolt? 3. Why do you think the United States chose to interfere with the Hawaiian rebellion? 4. When does Hawaii become a state of the U.S.? a. Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on the west coast. _______________________ immigrants were coming to the U.S. on the west coast (________________ Island). Worked on __________________________ and took lower wages for jobs. This created an anti-Asian sentiment among native-born Americans who feared that jobs would go to Chinese immigrants. In _______________, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which banned all future immigration from China except students, teachers, tourists, merchants, & gov’t officials. o Was not repealed until _________________. Immigration Restrictions 1. Why did Americans want to limit the number of immigrants coming from China? 2. What does the term nativism mean? 3. How long was the Exclusion Act in place for? b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionism. Spanish-American War (1898) o In 1895 Jose’ Marti (___________) started another revolution against _______________. Spain responded by sending in Valeriano Weyler, who put nearly 300,000 Cubans in _______________________ camps. o U.S. helps Cuba – Causes of War Yellow Journalism - exaggerating or stretching the truth _____________________ Letter – Private letter from Spanish minister to the U.S. which insulted __________________________________________. Sinking of the USS __________________ – U.S. battleship explodes while sitting in the harbor of Habana, Cuba. U.S. blames Spain. o April 1898 U.S. declares war on Spain o Treaty of _________________ (1898) – Ended war with following terms: Cuba is _____________________________ U.S. gets Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines U.S. pays Spain $___________________________ o As a result of the Sp-Am War: U.S. now owns an empire Ends U.S. ________________________________ U.S. emerges as a world power Philippine-American War o After Sp-Am War, _________________________ were angry that the U.S. simply replaced the Spanish as a controlling power o Emilio Aguinaldo led a revolt against U.S. forces in 1899. o War lasted 3 years, killing nearly 25,000 people. o U.S. gave _____________________________ partial home rule o 1946 given complete independence American Expansionism o Many were concerned about America’s _____________________________ and continued involvement in Latin America. The Spanish-American War: 1. What event sparked the Spanish-American War? 2. Why do you think U.S. Secretary of State John Hay called this conflict a “splendid little war?” (HINT: How did the U.S. benefit from the Spanish-American War?) 3. What is the Platt Amendment? 4. How did journalists likely affect public opinion about the Spanish-American War? c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal Panama Canal - A canal built by the U.S. cutting across ___________________ America to reduce travel time and provide a short cut between the oceans for commercial and military ships. o o o o U.S. chose ________________________ for the canal, which belonged to ___________________________. They refused our offer…wanted more $. US helps Panama _________________ against Colombia Panama accepts our offer ($10m and $250,000 a year) Canal built between 1904-1914 Panama Canal 1. How did construction of the Panama Canal overlap with U.S. foreign policy? 2. What problems did workers face while building the canal? Roosevelt Corollary o ___________________________ powers were getting involved in Latin America o Roosevelt wanted US to be the most powerful influence in Latin Am. o Based on the African proverb “Speak softly and carry a big stick” o The Roosevelt Corollary stated: The U.S. would use ___________________ to protect its economic interests in Latin America Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 1. How did Roosevelt’s Corollary change the original Monroe Doctrine? 2. Why did Roosevelt feel the United States should intervene in Central America and the Caribbean?