Unit Two – Study Guide Social Studies People and Places Name _____________________ Test date __________________ Geography – the study of Earth and the ways people use it Landforms – different shapes on the surface of the Earth Lake – large body of water surrounded by land River – a stream of fresh water flowing toward a lake or ocean Ocean – the largest bodies of salt water Peninsula – land surrounded by water on three sides Island – land surrounded by water Mountain – the highest form of land Plain – a mostly flat area of land Valley – a low area of land between hills and mountains Ancestor – family members living before you were born Producer – someone who makes or grows something Consumer – someone who buys or uses goods Goods – things that people make or grow Natural Resource – useful material coming from the Earth Air Water Sun Forest Soil Coal Oil Crop – a kind of plant grown by people for food and other uses Grains (wheat, corn, rye, barley) Fruit (apples, cherries, oranges, bananas) Vegetables (carrots, onions, potatoes, lettuce) Conservation – care and protection of the Earth Ways to Conserve Take care of animals and plants. Walk on paths and trails. Do not pick flowers and leaves. Do not litter. Do not tease or feed animals.