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17
Circuit diagram symbols
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CIRCUIT DIAGRAM SYMBOLS
n electrical network elements
three-phase line or cable
single-phase line or cable
short circuit
earth electrode
outgoing feeder
supply incoming feeder
resistor
variable resistor
reactor or transformer,
motor or generator winding
iron core reactor
capacitor
impedance (Z, R, L or C)
star-connected winding
delta-connected winding
varistor or surge arrester
spark gap or overvoltage
limiter
diode
thyristor
inverter
rectifier
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source of current
metering
M
J
measuring device
electrical power outlet
switch disconnector
isolator
fuse
switch-fuse
circuit-breaker
circuit-breaker fitted with a
(thermal) overload and
(magnetic) short-circuit trip
relay
contactor
fuse contactor
drawout circuit-breaker
changeover switch
changeover circuit-breaker
transformer
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transformer fitted with an
on-load tap changer
voltage transformer
artificial neutral or earthing
transformer
battery
current transformer
asynchronous generator
AG
G
M
A.C. generator or
alternator
motor
n abbreviations
- UPS
: uninterruptible power supply
- PIM
: permanent insulation monitor
- RCD
: residual current device
- IT
: unearthed neutral and earthed exposed conductive part
-N
: neutral
- NC
: normally closed
- NO
: normally open
- PE
: protective conductor
- PEN
: combined protective and neutral conductor
- Ph1, Ph2, Ph3
:
- TN
: earthed neutral and neutral-connected exposed conductive part
- TNC
: earthed neutral, neutral-connected exposed conductive part, combined
neutral and protective conductor
- TNS
: earthed neutral, neutral-connected exposed conductive part, separate
neutral conductor and protective conductor
- TT
: earthed neutral and earthed exposed conductive part
- Z1//Z2
: signifies that impedances Z1 and Z2 are in parallel.
phase 1, 2, and 3
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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF DIAGRAM SYMBOLS
n standards
o
IEC 27-1 (12.1992): letter symbols to be used in electrical technology
o
IEC 617-2 (1983): graphic symbols for diagrams, second part: symbol elements, qualifying
symbols and other symbols having general application
o
IEC 617-7 (1983): graphic symbols for diagrams, part seven: switchgear, controlgear and
protective devices
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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17
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF DIAGRAM SYMBOLS
n standards
o
IEC 27-1 (12.1992): letter symbols to be used in electrical technology
o
IEC 617-2 (1983): graphic symbols for diagrams, second part: symbol elements, qualifying
symbols and other symbols having general application
o
IEC 617-7 (1983): graphic symbols for diagrams, part seven: switchgear, controlgear and
protective devices
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 1 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 38 (1983): IEC standard voltages
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Automatic changeover switching on LV and HV network supplies,
Cahier Technique n° 75, G. Thomasset
o
o
Guide to the design of industrial HV systems, Cahier Technique n° 124, M. Dana
High availability electrical power distribution, Cahier Technique n° 148, A. Longchamp,
G. Gatine
o
MV public distribution networks throughout the world, Cahier Technique n° 155, Ch. Puret
o
HV industrial network design, Cahier Technique n° 169, G. Thomasset
n Schneider publications
o
Electrical installation guide, (07.1996), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
The publication, translation and reproduction, either wholly or partly, of this document are not allowed without our written consent.
Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 2 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 364: Electrical installations of buildings
o
IEC 801-2: Electromagnetic compatibility for industrial-process measurement and control
equipment. Part 2: Electrostatic discharge requirements
o
IEC 801-3: Electromagnetic compatibility for industrial-process measurement and control
equipment. Method of evaluating susceptibility to radiated electromagnetic energy
o
IEC 801-4: Electromagnetic compatibility for industrial-process measurement and control
equipment. Part 4. Electrical for transient/burst requirements
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
o
Neutral system in LV and MV networks up to 20 kV, Cahier Technique n° 20, J.B. Bézin
Earthing of the neutral conductor in High-Voltage networks, Cahier Technique n° 62,
F. Sautriau
o
Residual current devices, Cahier Technique n° 114, R. Calvas,
o
MV public distribution networks throughout the world, Cahier Technique n° 155, Ch. Puret
o
HV industrial network design, Cahier Technique n° 169, G. Thomasset
o
Earthing systems in LV, Cahier Technique n° 172, B. Lacroix, R. Calvas
o
Earthing systems worldwide and evolutions, Cahier Technique n° 173, B. Lacroix, R. Calvas
n Schneider publications
o
Medium voltage protection guide, (1990 - 05), ref. CG0021X
o
Electrical installation guide, (1996 - 07), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 3 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 34-1 (03.1994): rotating electrical machines. Part 1: rating and performance
o
IEC 146-1-1 (03.1991): semiconductor convertors. General requirements and line
commutated convertors. Part 1-1: specifcations and basic requirements
o
IEC 1000-1-1 (04.1992): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 1: general.
Section 1: application and interpretation of fundamental definitions and terms
o
IEC 1000-2-1 (05.1990): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 1: description of the environment - electromagnetic environment for low-frequency
conducted disturbances and signalling in public supply systems
o
IEC 1000-2-2 (05.1990): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 2: compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in
public low-voltage power supply systems
o
IEC 1000-2-3 (09.1992): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 3: description of the environment - radiated and non-network-frequency-related
conducted phenomena
o
IEC 1000-2-4 (1994): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 4: compatibility levels in industrial plants for low-frequency conducted disturbances
o
IEC 1000-3-2 (03.1995): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 3: limits.
Section 2: limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase)
o
IEC 1000-3-3 (12.1994): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 3: limits.
Section 3: limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker in low-voltage supply systems for
equipment with rated current ≤ 16 A
o
IEC 1000-3-5 (12.1994): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 3: limits.
Section 5: limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker in low-voltage power supply systems
for equipment with rated current greater than 16 A
o
EN 50160 (05.1995): voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public distribution
systems
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Behaviour of the SF6 MV circuit-breakers Fluarc for switching motor starting currents,
Cahier Technique n° 143, J. Hennebert, D. Gibbs
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o
Electromagnetic compatibility, Cahier Technique n° 149, F. Vaillant
o
Control, monitoring and protection of HV motors, Cahier Technique n° 165, JY. Blanc,
n Schneider publications
o
Electrical installation guide, (1996 - 07), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
n Other publications
o
3-phase cage induction motors, LEROY-SOMER technical catalogue
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 4 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
EN 50160 (05.1995): voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public distribution
systems
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Process generating plants in industrial systems, Cahier Technique n° 99, P.Bibollet
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 60-01 (1989): high-voltage test techniques: part 1: general definitions and test
requirements
o
IEC 71-1 (12.1993): insulation co-ordination. Part 1: definitions, principles and rules
o
IEC 71-2 (1976): insulation co-ordination. Part 2: application guide
o
IEC 76-3 (1980): power transformers. Part 3: insulation levels and dielectric tests
o
IEC 99-1 (05.1991): surge arresters. Part 1: Non-linear resistor type gapped surge arresters
for a.c. systems
o
IEC 99-4 (11.1991): surge arresters. Part 4: metal-oxyde surge arresters without gaps for
a.c. systems
o
IEC 99-5 (02.1996): surge arresters. Part 5: selection and application recommendations
o
IEC 364: electrical installations of buildings
o
IEC 831-1 (1988): shunt power capacitors of the self-healing type for a.c. systems having a
rated voltage up to and including 660 V. Part 1: General - Performance, testing, and rating Safety requirements - Guide for installation and operation
o
IEC 871-1 (1987): shunt capacitors for a.c. power systems having a rated voltage above 660
V. Part 1: General. Performance, testing and rating - Safety requirements - Guide for
installation and operation
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
The behaviour of SF6 puffer circuit-breakers under exceptionally severe conditions,
Cahier Technique n° 101, J.C. Henry, G. Perrissin, C. Rollier
o
Behaviour of the SF6 circuit-breakers Fluarc for switching motor starting currents,
Cahier Technique n° 143, J. Hennebert, D. Gibbs
o
Overvoltages and insulation co-ordination in MV and HV, Cahier Technique n°151,
D. Fulchiron
o
Control, monitoring and protection of HV motors, Cahier Technique n° 165, JY Blanc,
o
Lightning and Hv electrical installations, Cahier Technique n° 168, B. De Metz-Noblat
o
Breaking by auto-expansion, Cahier Technique n° 171, G. Bernard
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 6 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 38 (1983): IEC standard voltages
o
IEC 269-1 (1986): low-voltage fuses, part 1: general requirements
o
IEC 287 (1982): calculation of the continuous current rating of cables (100% load factor)
o
IEC 364: electrical installations of buildings
o
IEC 898 (04.1992): circuit-breakers for overcurrent protection for household and similar
applications
o
IEC 947-2 (01.1989): low-voltage switchgear and controlgear, part 2: circuit-breakers
applications
n Schneider publications
o
Electrical installation guide, (07. 1996), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 7 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 831-1 (1988): shunt power capacitors of the self-healing type for a.c. systems having a
rated voltage up to and including 660 V. Part 1: General - Performance, testing, and rating Safety requirements - Guide for installation and operation
o
IEC 871-1 (1987): shunt capacitors for a.c. power systems having a rated voltage above 660
V. Part 1: General. Performance, testing and rating - Safety requirements - Guide for
installation and operation
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Switching MV capacitor banks, Cahier Technique n° 142, D. Koch
n Schneider publications
o
LV application guide: power factor correction and harmonic filtering, Rectiphase,
ref. CG0064E
o
LV capacitors and banks, Rectiphase, ref. AC0373/2E
o
Rectiphase medium voltage capacitors and equipment catalogue, ref. AC0303/2E
o
Electrical installation guide (07.1996), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 8 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 34-1 (03.1994): rotating electrical machines. Part 1: rating and performance
o
IEC 146-1-1 (03.1991): semiconductor convertors. General requirements and line
commutated convertors. Part 1-1: specifications and basic requirements
o
IEC 146-1-2 (03.1991): semiconductor convertors. General requirements and line
commutated convertors. Part 1-2: Application guide
o
IEC 146-4 (1986): semiconductor convertors. Part 4: Method of specifying the performance
and test requirements of uninterruptible power systems
o
IEC 831-1 (1988): shunt power capacitors of the self-healing type for a.c. systems having a
rated voltage up to and including 660 V. Part 1: General - Performance, testing, and rating Safety requirements - Guide for installation and operation
o
IEC 871-1 (1987): shunt capacitors for a.c. power systems having a rated voltage above 660
V. Part 1: General. Performance, testing and rating - Safety requirements - Guide for
installation and operation
o
IEC 1000-1-1 (04.1992): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 1: general.
Section 1: application and interpretation of fundamental definitions and terms
o
IEC 1000-2-1 (05.1990): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 1: description of the environment - electromagnetic environment for low-frequency
conducted disturbances and signalling in public supply systems
o
IEC 1000-2-2 (05.1990): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 2: compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in
public low-voltage power supply systems
o
IEC 1000-2-4 (02.1994): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 4: compatibility levels in industrial plants for low-frequency conducted disturbances
o
IEC 1000-3-2 (03.1995): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 3: limits.
Section 2: limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase)
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
o
Harmonics in industrial networks, Cahier Technique n° 152, P. Roccia, N. Quillon
Inverters and harmonics (case studies of non-linear loads), Cahier Technique n°159
J.N. Fiorina
o
Harmonics upstream of rectifiers in UPS, Cahier Technique n° 160, J.N. Florina
o
Active harmonic conditioners for unity power factor rectifiers, Cahier Technique n° 183,
E. Bettega J.N. Florina
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 9 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
EN 50160 (05.1995): voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public distribution
systems
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
MV public distribution networks throughout the world, Cahier Technique n° 155,
Ch. Puret
o
Automatic changeover switching on L.V. and H.V. network supplies,
Cahier Technique n° 75, G. Thomasset
o
Control, monitoring and protection of HV motors, Cahier Technique n° 165, JY. Blanc
o
HV industrial network design, Cahier Technique n° 169, G. Thomasset
o
Protection of industrial and commercial MV networks, Cahier Technique n° 174, A. Sastré
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 10 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 50 (191) (1990): international electrotechnical vocabulary. Chapter 191: dependability
and quality of service
o
IEC 812 (1985): analysis techniques for system reliability - Procedure for failure mode and
effects analysis
o
IEC 863 (1986): presentation of reliability, maintainability and availability predictions
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Introduction to dependability design, Cahier Technique n° 144, P. Bonnefoi
o
High availability electrical power distribution, Cahier Technique n° 148, A. Longchamp,
G. Gatine
o
Dependability of MV and HV protection devices, Cahier Technique n° 175, M. Lemaire
o
Industrial approach to dependability, Cahier Technique n° 134, H. Krotoff
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 354 (09.1991): loading guide for oil-immersed power transformers
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Automatic changeover switching on L.V. and H.V. network supplies,
Cahier Technique n° 75, G. Thomasset
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
The publication, translation and reproduction, either wholly or partly, of this document are not allowed without our written consent.
Industrial electrical network design guide
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CHAPTER 13 BIBLIOGRAPHY
n standards
o
IEC 76-2: power transformers. Part 2: temperature rise
o
IEC 364: electrical installations of buildings
o
IEC 909 (1988): short circuit calculations in three-phase a.c. systems
o
IEC 1000-2-4 (1994): electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). Part 2: environment.
Section 4: compatibility levels in industrial plants for low-frequency conducted disturbances
o
IEC 50160 (05.1995): voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public distribution
systems
n Schneider cahiers techniques
o
Guide to the design of industrial H.V. systems, Cahier Technique n° 124, M. Dana
o
Enclosures and degrees of protection, Cahier Technique n° 166, J. Pasteau
o
HV industrial network design, Cahier Technique n° 169, G. Thomasset
o
Protection of industrial and commercial MV networks, Cahier Technique n° 174, A. Sastré
n Schneider publications
o
o
Industrial network protection guide, C. Prévé (05-1996), ref. 02 888 608/BE
SELENA, calculating short-circuit currents according to IEC 909 (10.1995), F. Dumas,
T. Rutgé
o
Electrical installation guide (07.1996), ref. MD1 ELG 2E
Publication, traduction et reproduction totales ou partielles de ce document sont rigoureusement interdites sauf autorisation écrite de nos services.
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