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KINGDOMS OF
ORGANISMS
INTRODUCTION
Kingdoms
 All
organisms can be divided
into kingdoms of organisms
 Organisms are placed into
kingdoms based on 3
characteristics:
 Type
of cell
 Form of nutrition
 Number of cells
Type of Cell
 Prokaryotic—cells
lack a
nucleus and organelles
 Eukaryotic—cells
have a
nucleus and organelles
Form of Nutrition
 Autotrophic—these
organisms
make their own food
 Heterotrophic—these
organisms can not make their
own food
Number of Cells
 Unicellular—these
have only one cell
organisms
 Multicellular—these
organisms
have more than one cell
6 Kingdom System

Kingdom Archaebacteria

Kingdom Eubacteria

Kingdom Protista

Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Animalia
Kingdom Archaebacteria
Prokaryotic cells
 Most have cell walls, but some don’t
 Unicellular
 Some are autotrophic and some are
heterotrophic
 Contains the bacteria that live in harsh
environments like hot springs, volcanic
vents or highly salty water; they live
where no other organisms can survive

Archaebacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria

Contains all the other bacteria that are
not in the Kingdom Archaebacteria

Prokaryotic cells

Most have cell walls, but some don’t

Unicellular

Some are autotrophic and some are
heterotrophic

Some are considered “good” and some
are “bad”
Eubacteria
Kingdom Protista

Eukaryotic

Some have cell walls, but some don’t

Contain uni- and multicellular organisms

Some are autotrophic and some are
heterotrophic

Only characteristic they have in common is
they are all eukaryotic
Protista
Kingdom Fungi

Contains mushrooms, yeast, mold and mildew

Eukaryotic

Have cell walls made of chitin

Yeast are unicellular; all others are
multicellular

Heterotrophic – absorptive
Fungi
Kingdom Plantae

Includes all the plants

Eukaryotic

Have cell walls made of cellulose

Multicellular

Autotrophic

Contain chloroplasts
Plants
Kingdom Animalia

Eukaryotic

No cell walls

Multicellular

Heterotrophic

Only Kingdom with NO cell walls
Animalia
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