Download 3. the high middle ages

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

State (polity) wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Origins of Modern
Europe
Preface, Geography and History
1.) In reading the Preface, what do you learn about the objectives of A
History of the Modern World? How does the study of the past, especially
of the European past, help to understand the contemporary world? How is
political history related to other kinds of history?
To present “the broad historical patterns and contexts that give
wider meaning to the cascading events that flash across our newspapers,
televisions, and computer screens.”
The contemporary world has been largely shaped by European
history. Not so say other areas were not important (they certainly were).
Consider that during the 19th century European nations dominated nearly
all parts of the globe.
Political history is shaped by other histories (religious, social, etc.)
2.) What relationships may be noted between the study of geography and
the study of history?
Geography studies the way we interact with the earth. Consider
the way in which oceans, mountains, and rivers create barriers and
boundaries yet can create paths for the movement of goods. Consider
how climate changes the available food sources and growing times. All of
these things have effected the evolution of the modern world.
1-1
1. ANCIENT TIMES: GREECE, ROME, AND CHRISTIANITY
1.) How did Europe contribute to the development of what is
now called the “modern world”? Why should a “history of the
modern world” emphasize the history of Europe?
2.) For what major contributions are the Greeks remembered?
the Romans? What role did the Romans play in transmitting the
contributions of older civilizations?
3.) Describe the origins of Christianity. What special
contributions did it make to the development of Europe’s
civilization?
1-2
2. THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES: THE FORMATION OF EUROPE
1.) What factors contributed to the decline and breakup of the
Roman Empire?
2.) Why could western Europe be said to be in the “Dark Ages”
for a period of time after about A.D. 500? Why is the term open
to dispute? What role did the Christian Church play at this time?
• MAP OF CHARLEMAGNE’S EMPIRE
Can you do this?
• Explain the political, economic, religious differences between
the Early and High Middle Ages.
• Tonight: fill in this chart as best you can (E.M.A. only!)
Early Middle Ages
Political
Economic
Religious
High Middle Ages
Some
terms…
• A. Alexander the Great• B. Aristotle• C. “classical virtues”• D. Pax Romana• A. Constantine• B. Trial by OrdealSchism• C. Trial by BattleSupremacy”• D. Battle of ToursConstantine”-
E. CharlemagneF. East-West
G. “Petrine
H. “Donation of
1-3
3. THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES: SECULAR CIVILIZATION
1.) What sweeping changes in the eleventh century enabled Europe to
pull itself out of the so-called Dark Ages?
2.) How are feudalism and the manorial system related? How are
these terms different?
3.) What similarities exist between the lord-vassal relationship and the
lord-serf relationship? Differences?
4.) Explain the role of commerce and of towns in the High Middle
Ages. What effects did each have on the rural countryside? What
economic roles were available to women?
5.) Describe the growth in the High Middle Ages of (a) royal power, (b)
royal councils, and (c) parliaments.
1-4
4. THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES: THE CHURCH
1.) What fundamental institutional changes took place in the
church in the eleventh century before Gregory VII? Under
Gregory VII? In the thirteenth century under Innocent III?
2.) Discuss with reference to the intellectual life of the High
Middle Ages (a) the origins and nature of universities, (b) the
contributions of Arab learning, and (c) the role of scholastic
philosophers.
Can you do this?
• Explain the political, economic, religious differences between
the Early and High Middle Ages.
• Tonight: fill in this chart as best you can (H.M.A. too!)
Early Middle Ages
Political
Economic
Religious
High Middle Ages
Essay
• It is generally agreed that by 1300 the rise of a distinctly
European civilization was an accomplished fact. What were
the most important contributions made to that civilization by
(a) Greece, (b) Rome, (c) the Early Middle Ages, and (d) the
High Middle Ages?