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Transcript
The Creation of the
United Nations
“The World’s peace organization”
About the UN
●
●
The UN, an International Peace Organization, was created to replace the League of
Nations.
The United Nations comprises of six major groups. These include the General
Assembly, Security Council, Economical and Council, Trusteeship Council,
International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat.
About the UN (cont.)
Two Major Parts
- General Assembly: This is the committee that focuses on a very broad range of
topics and has representations from every country in it.
- The Security Council: This council is focuses primarily on holding peace and
security between nations, has power to enforce measures, and is comprised of 15
member. Five members in the Council that are permanent are the United States, the
Russian Federation, the PRC(China), France and the U.K (NPT States). The remaining ten
(non-permanent) are chosen from other countries
●
Each year, United Nations Day is celebrated on October 24.
The U.N.
The U.N.
Why it was Created
Main Points
●
●
●
●
●
Prevent future war
Maintain international peace and security
Foster friendly relations between nations
Create a climate of cooperation to help resolve pressing international
problems
Human rights, justice social progress, and better living standards are also
important issues discussed by the UN.
Eleanor Roosevelt Speech
●
E. Roosevelt talk about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
History of the United Nations
●
●
●
The earliest concrete plan for the formation of a new world organization
begun under the U.S State Department late in 1939.
The name “United Nations” was coined by President Franklin D.
Roosevelt in 1941 to describe the nations fighting the axis powers.
The idea for the formation of the United Nations was agreed at the Yalta
Conference, where FDR, Churchill, and Stalin had met to discuss
reconstruction following the war.
History of the United Nations (cont.)
●
●
The United Nations Charter was first signed on June 26, 1945.
The charter was officially ratified on October 24, 1945, when the
required number of nations (twenty-nine) had signed the charter.
- It was ratified and finalized at the San Francisco Conference (April
25 - June 26 1945). After the conference, the charter was endorsed by 51
countries. (The original UN Nations)
Historical Pictures
History (Continued)
●
●
●
●
The UN General Assembly first met on January 10, 1946, after the charter was ratified in
October of 1945.
The decision was made in December of 1946 to locate the headquarters of the UN in New
York.
The General Assembly had accepted a grant from John D. Rockefeller of $8.5 million to help
construct the headquarters. The building was completed in 1952.
The Cold War
- During the Cold War, due to heavy conflict with the Soviets, agreement in the Security
Council (and its sub-committees), was very difficult and this made the UN pass very few resolutions
directly related to the Big Five. The USSR had a total of 75 votes during the war.
●
The Korean War
- During the Korean War, the USSR had been vetoing the Security Council as the UN refused to
recognize the PRC (Communist China) as an official member. Thus, this gave the Sec. Council the
ability to establish armed force to repel N. Korea from S. Korea. First UN army and most “collective
security” action in history up to that time.
Perspective of/on the United Nations
●
OF
- The original UN consist of mostly peace-loving nations that wanted, simply, to hold peaceful
relations between countries.
- The UN was created to show that countries can agree with each other and exclude the
negative aspect of discrimination, such as sexism, racism, and classism.
●
ON
- From 1947-1945, the UN only gained a total 5 admissions by nations. This was due to the
somewhat reluctant view on the United Nations.
- This was not caused by the organization itself, but rather the conflicting views of Eastern
(Namingly the USSR) and Western countries within the UN. Countries already in the UN did not want
any country to gain admission unless they shared the same views.
- This resulted in a stall in the admission of countries into the UN
●
There has never been a “negative” perspective of the United Nations as peace is wanted
throughout most of the world.
UN Agencies
●
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP):
- A branch of the United Nations that is devoted to monitoring the environment on a global
scale.
- Promotes the use of environment friendly resources.
- Believes that the environment is an intricate system of complex relationships that extend
among natural and human activities.
●
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
- Devoted to improving the welfare of the World’s children.
- Goals: Ensure proper nutrition, help students reach potential in education, and establish
basic children’s rights.
- Also a disaster-response group that comes to places in time of of crisis such as war, famine,
and natural disasters.
Modern Day UN
●
●
The UN now has a total of 192 admissioned countries being represented
in the General Assembly.
Since the 1970s, the UN has expanded its activity into less developed
nations.
- This began much of the charity activity aimed to improve the living
conditions and welfare of Africa.
●
The current Secretary-general is Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea. He
succeeded Kofi A. Annan of Ghana in 2007.
Personal Input
● We believe that the UN is a very successful successor
to the LON and has definitely improved the overall
quality of the World. It is a very charitable and
successful organization that effectively benefits and
keeps peace between nations around the world.
Citation
1. United Nations Charter
"United Nations Charter." American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.
com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE52&iPin=E08190&SingleRecord=True (accessed March 12, 2014).
2. United Nations
"United Nations." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2013): 1-6. Literary Reference Center. Web. 12 Mar.
2014.
3. United Nations Environment Programme
"United Nations Environment Programme." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 12
Mar. 2014.
4. United Nations Children’s Fund
"United Nations Children's Fund." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 12 Mar.
2014.