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AP World History - History Jargon
June 21, 2015
Below is a list of words you will encounter at some point during AP World History. I do not expect you to
know all these words before the course, but I do expect you to know them by the end of the course, and each
chapter/unit will add several more examples to your vocabulary. Note: these are far from all the words you
may encounter this year. You’ll learn far more new words/phrases in your English class that will also help
you write better historical essays and understand your assigned historical readings. These are just the words
that have a specific application in history.
Choose 20 words that you don’t know and write a short definition.
abolition
absolutism
administer / -stration
admonish / -ment
Afroafter-life
agrarian
Ameranalyze / analysis
anarchism / anarchy
ancient
ante bellum
anti-semitism
apathy
appease / -ment
arable
archaeology
archaic
architecture
-archy
argue / argument
artifact
artisan
aristocrat / -cracy
atheism
asceticism
austere / -ity
authoritarian / -ism
balance of power
balance of trade
barbarian
blockade
border (national)
boycott
bourgeoisie
broker (v.)
bullion
bureaucracy / -cratic
cabinet (gov’t)
capital / -ism
capitol
capitulate
cartel
caste
casualty
causation / causal
celibacy / celibate
central / -centric
century
circa (c. ca.)
city-state
citizen
civilization / -ized
chauvinism
chivalry
class struggle
classical
clergy
coerce
coincidence
colony, colonial
commodity
commune (communal,
communism)
conflate
conjuncture
conscript / -ion
consequence
conserve / -ative
constitution (small “c”)
conflate
consumer / -ism
contemporary
contest (v.)
context
continent
contingency / -gent
convention / -al
converge
converse (v.& n.)
convert (v. & n.)
corporation
corollary
correlation
cosmopolitan
coup d’état
-cracy (autocracy,
democracy)
craft (n. & v.)
credit
currency
current
Darwinism
de facto
debit
debt
decade
deficit
deflate / -tion
deforestation
deity / deism
delay (v. & n.)
democracy
demography
demon / -ize
destiny
determinism
dictator / -ship
diffuse / diffusion
diplomacy / -matic
diversity / diverse
divinity / divine
doctrine / doctrinal
document (v. & n.)
dogma / dogmatic
domestic
draft (v. & n.)
dualism
dynasty
eclectic
economy / economic
edict
edifice
edify
egalitarian
elite
emancipate / -tion
empire / emperor
emporia
encounter
enlighten
entrepót
epidemic
era
ethereal
ethic
ethnic / ethnoeunuch
Euroexecutive (branch)
expense
explicate
explicit
extravagant
homogeneous / -eity
hyperhypohypocrisy / hypocrite
facade
facilitate
faction
factor
famine
fascism / -ist
feminism
feudal / -ism
fief / fiefdom
figurative
filial
fiscal
flourish
forage
forestall
forum
fortify
fortnight
frame of reference
franchise
fraternize / -zation
free trade
frontier
frugal
fundamental / -ism
fuse / fusion
-icide (suicide, infanticide)
identity
ideology
imbue
immutable
impede / -iment
implement
imperial / -ism
implicit
import
incarnation / -nate
incent / incentive
incontrovertible
indenture (v.)
independence
indigenous
industry / -trial / -ism
infanticide
infer
inflate / -tion
influx
inherent
inherit
innate
innovate / -tion
institution
insurrection
integrate
integrity
inter- / intrainverse / invert
invest / -ment
irreconcilable
irrigation
-ism / -ist / -ize
gall
gender
generalize / -ation
genocide
geoglobalization
government
-graphy (demography,
geography)
guerilla
guild
haggle
hegemony
heliohierarchy
historiography
judiciary / judicial
juncture
junta
kin / kinship
king / kingdom
laissez-faire
AP World History - History Jargon
-lateral (uni-, bi-, multi-)
lay
the Left
legislature / -tion
legitimacy / -mate
lenient
liberal
lingual / linguistic
liquidation
lithograph
-logy
luxury / -ious
nation-state
nationalism
negotiate / -tion
neonetherneutral / -ity
NGOs (non-gov’t org)
nobility / noble
nomad / nomadic
nuclear family
nun
objective
majority
obligate / -tory
mal- (malnourished,
obliterate / -tion
malevolent)
optimism
mandate (v. & n.)
oracle
maneuver
oral
manifest
orate
manifesto
ordain
manor / -ial manuscript orthodox / -y
maritime
outstrip
massacre
pacifism / pacify
material
pagan
materiel
paleomatri- (matriarch /
panmatrilineal)
papacy / papal
medieval
parish
mercantile / -ism
parliament
merchandise
partition
merchant
pastoral
merit / meritocracy
paternal
mesopathogen
metapathos
metallurgy
patri- (patriarch)
metaphor / -ical
patrician
metropole / -politan
patrilineal
middle class
patron / -ize
migrate / -tion
peasant
military / -ism
peccadillo
militia
penetrate
millennia / -ium
penultimate
minister (n. a diplomat)
peon / peonage
minority
period
missionary
perish
modern / -ity
persecute / -tion
monarch / -y
perspective
monastery / -astic
pessimism
monetary
philia / -philic / -ophile
monophobia / phobic
monsoon
pilgrim / -age
mores
plague
mortal / -ity
plausible
mutate
plethora
mystical
plurality
nation
point of view
polemics
political / politics
polypolygamy
postpragmatic / -tism
preprecipitate
prerequisite
prestige / -ous
pretext
priest
primal
primary
principal
principle
private
privation
privelege
proclaim / -ation
profit / profiteer
prohibit / -ion
proletariat
promulgate
propaganda
prosperity
protectorate
protoprovidence
province / -cial
prudent
push-pull factors
psychoquagmire
qualify
quandary
quantify
quantity
quarry
quest
racism / racial
radical
rare / rarity
rational / rationale
raw material
rebel / rebellion
reform
regime
register (n. & v.)
regulation
reign
reincarnation
reparation
repress / -ion
republic
resurge / resurgent
revenue
revive / revival
revolt
revolution
the Right
rimland
rival / rivalry
rural
Russosacred / sacrament
sanction
sarcasm
scholar
score (n. a unit of time)
secede / secession
secondary
sect
secular
sedentary
segregation
serf / serfdom
shaman / -ism
Sinoskepticism / -ical
slavery
Social Darwinism
social democracy
socialism
socio-economic
sovereign / -ty
sponsor
stagnate / stagnant
state (n.)
status quo
strata / stratification
strategy / strategic
subsubmerge
subordinate (v. & n.)
subsidy / subsidize
subsistence
subvert / subversive
surrender
syncretic / -ism
synthesis
tangible
tariff
teleteleology / -ogical
temporary
tenet
terminal
territory / territorial
June 21, 2015
terrorism
text / -ual
textile
theo- (theology, theocracy)
theory
Third World
tolerate / -ance
topography
totalitarian
tract
tradition
traitor
trust (n.)
uberultimate
ultimatum
unanimity / -mous
unify / unity
union (n.)
uprising
urban
usurp
utopia / utopian
venerate / venerable
verbal / verbabize /
verbificate1
vermin
vernacular
viceroy
xeno- (xenophobia ,
xenophobic)
ware
the West
working class
world-systems theory
Units of Time
century2
fortnight
millennia / millennium
score
1
Just kidding! At least
you’re still paying
attention. (
2
Be sure to know how a
particular year
corresponds to a century.
(e.g. 2014 is in the 21st
century, 1877 was in the
19th century)
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