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Carnivores eat animals Omnivores eat animals and plants + (At each animal enclosure you will find information about what they eat) eat plants Herbivores We can also group animals based on what they eat. How many of each type can you find at the zoo? Food & Feeding TEACHER NOTES Classifying Animals Today you are going to learn about some of the animal groups in the world and how we classify animals into these groups. My name is: Can yo u draw your ro ute aro und the zoo on the ma p? Animal groups PINE? HAVE A S U O Y O D These 5 groups are called VERTEBRATES (as they have a backbone/spine - see if the pupils can feel their own spine). Animals without bones inside their bodies are called INVERTEBRATES. Animals that have bones inside their body can be split into five groups: Mammals Birds Reptiles Fish Amphibians have hair have feathers have dry scales have wet scales have smooth skin Mammals also give birth to live babies and feed their babies milk. Birds also always lay eggs, have wings (although don’t always fly) and have beaks. Reptiles also usually lay eggs. They can live on land or in water but always breathe air with lungs (like mammals and birds). Fish also usually lay eggs (sharks for example don’t). They live in water and breathe with gills (not lungs). Amphibians usually lay eggs. Some live in water when young (and breathe with gills) then develop lungs when older e.g. frogs. CHALLENGE QUESTION: CHALLENGE QUESTION: CHALLENGE QUESTION: Do all birds fly? Why do some mammals have eyes at the front of their head and others at the side? Take a look at the penguins and emus for examples of birds who can’t fly. (Predators eyes at front - to hunt. Prey eyes at side - to see behind) At penguins, how many adaptations the students can note - there are information boards here to highlight their adaptations. CHALLENGE QUESTION: Some reptiles live in water (like crocodiles & turtles). Do they have gills or lungs? (lungs - they hold their breathe underwater). Do fish have legs? Why not? What do they have instead and how might this help them? (fins to swim) CHALLENGE QUESTION: What key differences can are there between amphibians and reptiles?