Download Lab 3 Review Sheet - Microscopy of Eukaryotic Cell Components

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Transcript
Lab 3 Review Sheet - Microscopy of Eukaryotic Cell Components
Pages from 6th edition. (See conversion chart for 7th edition.) Chapter 7: pp. 108-137 (esp fig 7.7,
7.8, 7.10, 7.11, 7.12, 7.13, 7.14, 7.16) and Chapter 8: pp. 138-154
Eukaryotic cells within the context of the three domains (Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya) and the five
kingdoms: Monera, Animalia, Fungi, Planta, and Protista/Protoctista (fig 1.11)
prokaryotic vs eukaryotic cells
in lab, all 4 eukaryotic kingdoms represented: A) squamous epithelial cells from animal; B) yeast,
fungi; C) onion, plant; D) Tetrahymena, protist; and E) elodea, plant. Monera represented in
yogurt bacteria (look on the side of the container for the names)
cell wall, plasma membrane, glycocalyx (sugar-coating, what does cell have in common with Frosted
Flake?, fig 8.6, p. 142) ), cell cortex (camel and water poisoning)
cytosol (everything inside the PM except all the organelles), cytoplasm (everything inside the PM
except the nucleus), protoplasm (everything inside the PM, including the nucleus and other
organelles)
nucleus: DNA/chromosomes, DNA replication, DNA transcription, nucleolus (function?), nuclear
pores, nuclear envelope
ribosomes: are these membrane-bound organelles? what are they made of? where are their subunits
assembled? what are their functions? which membrane-bound organelle can they attach to?
endomembrane system: what is it?
Smooth ER: functions? roles in detoxification?
Rough ER: functions? enzymatic activities taking place within?
Golgi body/apparatus: structure? functions?
lysosome: function, pH, pH optima of enzymes acting within? why?
vacuoles
mitoochondria, chloroplasts
everything from lab handout and lab reports, especially nucleus, nucleolus, selective permeability of
membranes, tugor, osmosis, plasmolysis, anthocyanin (subcellular localization?), stringy
projections to cell wall (=plasmodesmata), endocytosis, food vacuoles, chloroplasts, cytoplasmic
streaming, and plasmolysis