Download Day 2 - RCSD

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Monroe Doctrine wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
U.S. IMPERIAL POSSESSIONS- BELL RINGER
• Based on the map, what regions of the world is the
United States primarily focusing on during
imperialism?
• Why did the U.S. focus on these areas specifically?
• What about these locations will be significant in the
20th century.
PRACTICE
The main reason the United States implemented the Open Door
policy in China was to…
A. Promote immigration
B. Expand democratic reforms
C. Encourage religious freedom
D. Guarantee access to markets
THE MONROE DOCTRINE
U.S. foreign policy that
declared that “The
American continents are
henceforth not to be
considered as subjects
for future colonization
by any European
Powers.”
PRACTICE
In 1823, the Monroe Doctrine was established mainly because the
United States wanted to
A. Keep control of Alaska and Hawaii
B. Establish more colonies in Latin America
C. Support England’s attempt to keep its empire in Central America
D. Warn Europe against any further colonization in Latin America
SPAIN IN CUBA
Cuba had been a
Spanish Colony
since the days of
Columbus.
According to the
Monroe Doctrine,
Spain should no
longer have any
colonies over here.
CAUSES OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
1. Spanish violation of the Monroe Doctrine
2. Concern for American owned property. (sugar
plantations, casinos, etc.)
3. Sympathy toward Cuba’s desire for independence and
Spanish mistreatment of Cuban rebels.
-Our goal is to liberate Cuba, not take over.
-Teller Amendment
4. Yellow Journalism- American newspapers give overly
dramatic accounts of atrocities in Cuba.
-Explosion of the Maine
UNITED STATES DECLARES WAR ON SPAIN
• The Conflict began in the Philippines- the
U.S. attacked and destroyed the Spanish
Fleet in the Pacific.
• Attention turns to Cuba- U.S. set up a
blockade around Cuba.
- the U.S.S. Maine explodes and
“yellow journalism” paints it as a
Spanish attack.
YELLOW JOURNALISM
PRACTICE
Yellow journalists created support for the Spanish-American War by
writing articles about the…
A. Political popularity of William Jennings Bryan
B. Efforts of the United States to control Mexico
C. Destruction of the United States sugar plantations by Hawaiians
D. Sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana Harbor
TEDDY ROOSEVELT’S ROUGH RIDERS WIN THE
WAR!!
Roosevelt and his
“Rough Riders”
stormed San Juan Hill
in Santiago, Cuba and
won a decisive victory.
This victory forced the
Spanish surrender,
gave Cuba its freedom
from Spanish control.
Roosevelt and the Rough Riders on
“San Juan Hill”
RESULTS OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
• Cuba gained their Independence
• The Platt Amendment- gave the United States the
right to intervene in Cuba whenever it thought
orderly government was endangered.
• Brought about the need for the Panama Canal.
• United States’ defeat of Spain brought it to the
forefront of international politics.
• Roosevelt’s hero status because of his service
helped get him elected Vice-President of the United
States.
U.S. GETS PUERTO RICO, GUAM AND THE
PHILIPPINES
PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION
A consequence of American
Imperialism
Filipinos fought for their
Independence from the
United States.
The subsequent war would cost
the lives of over 4,000
American troops, 20,000
Filipino soldiers, and 500,000
Filipino civilians.
PRACTICE
United States annexation of the Philippines (1898) and military
involvement in Vietnam (1960s and 1970s) are similar because
in each event the United States…
A. Achieved its long-range foreign policy objectives
B. Put the domino theory into action
C. Demonstrated the strength and success of its military power
D. Provoked domestic debate about its involvement in the internal
affairs of other nations.
AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER T.R.
Big Stick Diplomacy- Theodore
Roosevelt’s foreign policy of
negotiations backed by the threat of
force. Roosevelt said that America
should speak softly and “carry a big
stick.”
This strong handed foreign policy
eventually led to the American
domination of the Western
Hemisphere.
THE MONROE DOCTRINE AND ROOSEVELT
COROLLARY
Monroe Doctrine (1823)- European powers should create no new
colonies in the Western Hemisphere and that any further
colonization would be viewed as an act of aggression.
The Roosevelt Corollary (1904)- Roosevelt’s addition to the
Monroe Doctrine that stated that if any situation threatened the
independence of any country in the Western Hemisphere, the
United States would act as an “international police power.” *Big
Stick Diplomacy
PANAMA CANAL
• The United States needed a way
to get from the Atlantic to the
Pacific without going all the way
around South America.
• They struck a deal with Panama,
to protect them and support
their cause for Independence
from Colombia.
• In return the United States got
exclusive rights to build and
operate a shipping canal
through Panama.
PRACTICE
“I took the Canal and let Congress debate.”- Theodore Roosevelt.
This quotation best demonstrates…
A. An effort by a President to maintain a policy of isolationism
B. A decline in the use of militarism as a defense policy
C. An increased reliance on the legislative process
D. A Presidential action that achieved a foreign policy objective
PRACTICE
Involvement in the Spanish-American War, acquisition of Hawaii, and
introduction of the Open Door policy in China were actions taken
by the United States government to…
A. Establish military alliances with other nations
B. Gain overseas markets and sources of raw materials
C. Begin the policy of manifest destiny
D. Support isolationist forces in congress