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```www.eenadupratibha.net
IBPS PROBATIONARY OFFICERS
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REASONING
1.
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.
a
Which of the following will be the middle digit of the second highest number
among the following five numbers if the positions of the first and the third
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b
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digits in each number are interchanged?
432
2.
851
719
1) 8
2) 3
4) 1
5) 4
643
287
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3) 5
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In a class, two-thirds of the students play football, half of the remaining play
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both football and cricket, and the remaining ten students play only cricket. How
many students play both football and cricket?
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1) 30
2) 10
3) 40
4) 20
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5) Cannot be determined
3.
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In a certain code JEALOUS is written as BFKKTVP. How is HEARTEN
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a
written in that code?
4.
1) OFUQBFI
2) BFIQOFU
4) UFOQIBF
5) None of these
3) BFIQUFO
In a certain code ORIENT is written as ‘532146’ and SOUL is written as ‘7598’.
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How is LINE written in that code?
5.
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1) 9241
2) 8341
4) 6241
5) None of these
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3) 8241
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If it is possible to make only one meaningful word with the first, the second, the
fifth and the ninth letters of the word MEDIATION, which of the following will
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be the third letter of that word? If no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the
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1) A
2) N
4) X
5) Z
R-16-9-14
3) M
Directions (Q.6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer these
questions.
Ten executives A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and J stay in flats in two rows opposite
each other. One row has 5 flats facing North and the other row has 5 flats facing South.
F’s flat is second to the right of J’s flat, which is exactly opposite of C’s flat facing
North. D’s flat is on the immediate left of J’s flat and A’s flat is on the immediate left
of C’s flat. B’s flat is on the right of C’s flat. I and E have flats at the two ends of the
same row. Flats of E and H are opposite each other.
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a
6.
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Which of the following is the correct position of G’s flat?
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1) Facing North
2) Opposite C’s flat
3) To the left of F’s flat
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5) None of these
7.
Who stays opposite B?
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1) F
2) G
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4) F or G
8.
4) To the left of J’s flat
3) D
5) None
Which of the following statements is definitely true?
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1) J’s flat is facing North.
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2) G and A have flats opposite each other.
.
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3) B’s flat is to the right of E’s flat.
4) G’s flat is to the left of J’s flat.
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5) None of these
9.
Which of the following groups of persons have flats in the same row?
a
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p
1) ACG
2) GIE
4) FAJ
5) None of these
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a
3) GJF
10. Which of the following pairs of executives stay in the flats at the ends of a row?
1) FD
2) HD
en
4) GD
3) HG
5) None
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Directions (Q.11-15): Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the
questions given below:
R D A K 5 B I 2 M J E N 9 7 U Z V 1 W 3 H 4 F Y 8 P 6 T G
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11. How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement each of which is
immediately preceded by a consonant and immediately followed by a vowel?
1) None
2) One
4) Three
5) More than three
3) Two
12. Which of the following is the eighth to the left of the seventeenth from the
left end?
1) M
2) J
4) 5
5) None of these
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3) 8
.
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13. Which of the following is the sixth to the right of the nineteenth from the
right end?
1) 5
2) Z
4) 1
5) None of these
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3) V
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14. How many such consonants are there in the above arrangement, each of which
is immediately preceded by a number and immediately followed by another
consonant?
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1) None
2) One
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4) Three
3) Two
5) More than three
15. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in
the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not
belong to that group?
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1) E9J
2) Z1U
4) Y48
5) B2K
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3) HW4
.
a
Directions (Q.16 - 20): In each of the questions below are given three statements
followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given
statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known
facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of given conclusions
logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
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16. Statements: a. Some tents are buildings.
b. Some buildings are chairs.
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c. Some chairs are windows.
Conclusions: I. Some windows are buildings.
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II. Some windows are tents.
III. Some chairs are tents.
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1) None follows
2) Only I and II follow
3) Only II and III follow
4) Only I and III follow
5) All follow
17. Statements: a.All tables are boards.
b. All pens are boards.
c. All boards are papers.
Conclusions: I. Some pens are tables.
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II. Some papers are pens.
III. No pen is a table.
.
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1) All follow
2) Only either I or III follows
3) Only II follows
4) Only either I or III and II follow
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5) None of these
18. Statements: a. All chains are cycles.
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b. Some cycles are wheels.
c. All wheels are mirrors.
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a
Conclusions: I. Some cycles are mirrors.
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II. Some wheels are chains.
III. Some mirrors are chains.
1) None follows
2) Only I follows
3) Only II follows
4) Only III follows
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5) All follow
19. Statements: a. Some boxes are hammers.
Conclusions: I. Some rings are hammers.
II. Some hammers are boxes.
1) None follows
2) Only I follows
3) Only II and III follow
4) Only I and III follow
5) All follow
20. Statements: a. All hotels are airports.
b. All airports are belts.
c. Some belts are hooks.
Conclusions: I. Some belts are hotels.
II. Some airports are hotels.
III. Some hooks are belts.
1) Only I and II follow
2) Only I and III follow
3) Only II and III follow
4) Only III follows
5) All follow
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KEY
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1-1; 2-2; 3-2; 4-3; 5-5; 6-3; 7-3; 8-2; 9-3; 10-5; 11-1; 12-1; 13-3; 14-4; 15-5; 16-1;
17-4; 18-2; 19-5; 20-5.
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Explanations
1-1; After the changing the numbers will be as follows:
234
a
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158
917
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346
782
The second highest number is 782. Hence the required middle digit is ‘8’.
2-2; Since half of the remaining play both football and cricket, the remaining 10 who
play only cricket comprise the other half. Now, both the halves must be equal.
Hence, required no. of students = 10.
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+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
+1
J
E
A
L
O
U
S
B
F
K
K
T
V
P
a
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3-2; +1
Similarly
+1
+1
+1
-1
+1
H
E
A
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B
F
4-3; Letter: O
Code: 5
I
R
Q
T
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b
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+1
+1
E
N
F
U
O
I
E
N
T
S
U
3 2
1
4
6
7
9
L
8
Hence, the code for LINE ⇒ 8241
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5-5; Here, the specified letters are M, E, A and N
Meaningful words made from these letters are
1. MANE 2. MEAN 3. NAME 4. AMEN
Since the number of meaningful words is more than one, our answer is ‘Z’.
(6-10): We have information that F’s flat is second to the right of J’s flat, which is
exactly opposite of C’s flat facing North. Thus, we get
F
•
J
•
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•
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a
C
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Again, we have information that D’s flat is on the immediate left of J’s flat
whereas A’s flat is on the immediate left of C’s flat. Thus we get
F
J
D
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A
C
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Again, since B’s flat is on the right of C’s flat it implies that the flat of B is just
opposite D’s flat
J
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F
D
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A
C
B
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Again, since I and E have flats at the two ends of the same row. This implies
that the flats of both I and E can be in the same row in which the flats of B, C
b
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and A are. Thus, we get two such cases
Case - I
F
Case - II
J
D
F
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J
D
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
E
A
C
B
I
I
A
C
B
E
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Now, we have been given that the flats of E and H are opposite each other.
Thus reject case I, because in that case E and F are opposite each other. Hence,
the positions of the ten flats are as follows.
F
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G
J
D
H
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
I
A
C
B
E
6-3
7-3
8-2
9-3
10-5
11-1; We have to look for consonant-number-vowel sequence. But in the given
arrangement there is no such sequence.
12-1; The eighth element to the left of the seventeenth from the left end implies
(17 − 8) = 9th element from the left end, i.e, ‘M’.
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a
13-3; The sixth element to the right of the nineteenth from the right end implies
(19 − 6) = 13th element from the right end.
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14-4; We have to look for number-consonant-consonant sequence. There are only
three such consonants (M, F and T) in the given arrangement.
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15-5; In others, the first and the third element of each group are adjacent elements.
16-1; Statement (a) + statement (b) gives no conclusion [... I + I = no conclusion].
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Hence conclusion III does not follow. Again statement (b) + statement (c) gives
no conclusion. Hence, conclusion I and II do not follow.
17-4; Statement (a) + conversion of statement (b) gives no conclusion [ ... A + I =
no conclusion]. Hence conclusion I and conclusion III do not follow. But these
two conclusions make a complementary pair. Hence either conclusion I or
conclusion III follows. Again from statement (b) and statement (c), we get
"All pens are papers" [ ... A + A = A] And conversion of "All pens are papers "
gives conclusion II. Hence conclusion II follows.
18-2; Statement (a) + statement (b) gives no conclusion [... A + I = no conclusion].
a
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Hence conclusion II does not follow .
.
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b
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Statement (b) + statement (c) gives conclusion I [... I + A = I]. Again, statement
(a), statement (b) gives no conclusion. Therefore, we can’t get any specific
conclusion regarding ‘chains’ and mirrors. Hence conclusion III does not
follow.
a
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p
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a
19-5; Statement (b), statement (c) gives conclusion "Some hammers are rings"
[... I + A = I]. On conversion of "Some hammers are rings", we get conclusion
I. Again conversion of statement (a) gives conclusion II. And conversion of
statement (c) gives conclusion III.
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20-5; Statement (a) + statement (b) gives conclusion "All hotels are belts".
[ ... A + A = A]. And conversion of "All hotels are belts" gives conclusion I.
Hence, conclusion I follows. Again conversion of statement (a) gives
conclusion II. Hence conclusion II follows. Again conclusion III follows from
conversion of statement (c). Hence conclusion III follow.
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Writer: S. Arun Mohan