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HOME
2
Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation
KEY IDEA
Events in Europe sharply divided American
public opinion in the late 18th century.
OVERVIEW
ASSESSMENT
HOME
2
Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation
OVERVIEW
MAIN IDEA
WHY IT MATTERS NOW
Events in Europe sharply
divided American public
opinion in the late 18th
century.
Foreign policy remains a key
element of every presidential
administration.
TERMS & NAMES
• sectionalism
• John Jay
• Alien and Sedition Acts
• XYZ Affair
• neutrality
• Thomas Pinckney
• Edmond Genêt
• Little Turtle
• nullification
ASSESSMENT
HOME
2
Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation
ASSESSMENT
1. List some of the disputes mentioned in this section.
Indicate the dispute and summarize each side’s arguments.
Dispute: U.S. Attitudes Towards French Revolution
Pro: historic ties, struggle against tyranny
Con: Reign of Terror, against another war
with England
Dispute: Jay’s Treaty
Pro: British leave Northwest Territory
posts.
Con: British continue fur trade in U.S.
territory. British seize American ships.
Dispute: War with France
Pro: France seizes American ships.
Con: Adams refuses war, finds diplomatic
solution.
continued . . .
HOME
2
Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation
ASSESSMENT
2. Do you agree with the Democratic–Republicans that
the Alien and Sedition Acts were a violation of the First
Amendment? Were they necessary? Think About:
• the intent of the First Amendment
• what was happening in Europe
• what was happening in America
ANSWER
Agree: Acts violate freedom of speech, specifically a citizen’s right
to criticize the policies of John Adams’s Federalist administration.
Disagree: Young government needs to protect itself from
Democratic–Republicans sowing discontent.
continued . . .
2
HOME
Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation
ASSESSMENT
3. Should the United States have officially supported the
French revolutionaries against the British? Think About:
• Federalist and Republican attitudes toward France
and Great Britain
• the Reign of Terror
• U.S. gratitude to France for its support against Britain
ANSWER
Yes: Americans owed France a favor in exchange for support
during the American Revolution; Treaty of 1778 between
France and the United States.
No: Reign of Terror; beheading of Louis XVI; Edmond Genêt
End of Section 2
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