* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Thillman 1 Sophomore English Final Exam Study Guide 2012 1. Review the major literary periods we’ve covered 2nd semester—the civil war literature, regionalism, realism, naturalism, the transitional poets, and finally 20th century authors (modernists). Be able to place an author/piece of literature in his/her specific time period (i.e. show how Jack London’s writing illustrates naturalism, etc.). Don’t memorize when an author was born or when he died, but rather what time period he is associated with and what elements of his writing/life are reflected in his literature. 2. Review all literary terms we have covered thus far and be able to identify their use in a piece of literature. (Example: Identify the tone of the following passage. Indicate what type of figurative language is used here, etc.) 3. Review any old tests/quizzes we have taken on the material. Some test questions will come directly from old tests. 4. The Great Gatsby – novel we read in class 5. Grammar – Types of sentences (Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex), distinguishing between clauses (dependent and independent), correct use of pronouns, comma usage, parallel structure, active passive voice. Questions may come directly from those exercises. Review work sheets/tests. Take online quizzes. 6. The research process – review the steps/methods of research paper writing. Know how to use MLA citation. Some questions will deal with how/when to cite material, etc. 7. Reading Comprehension/Critical thinking skills. You will be asked to read a short story and answer questions based on your reading. 8. Essay writing – responding to a piece of literature. Students will be asked to write an essay responding to literature. Students will be assessed on their thesis, organization/structure, examples used, mechanics, etc. 1. 5-paragraph essay format 2. TTEB paragraph writing In short, memorization is not going to be as helpful as your ability to apply what you know. For example, rather than memorize the definition of a simile…be able to pick out a simile in a passage and explain what is being compared. Test Format Approximately 100 questions - Objective (Scantron) Essay Thillman 2 Literature of the Civil War Authors/Literature/terms to review: From Romanticism to Realism 1855 – 1870 p. 495 – 503 Selections to study/Authors to study 1. Poetry - Walt Whitman ―Song of Myself‖ ―I Hear America Singing‖ ―A Noiseless Patient Spider‖ ―Beat! Beat! Drums!‖ ―O Captain, My Captain‖ ―O Me, O Life‖ Leaves of Grass Key ideas – free verse, parallelism, cataloging, enjambment, anaphora 2. Poetry - Emily Dickinson ―Because I Could Not Stop for Death‖ ―I heard a fly buzz‖ ―Hope is a thing with Feathers‖ Key Ideas – slant rhyme, syntax, quatrain, inventive punctuation 3. Slave Narratives ―Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass‖ by Frederick Douglass **―Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl‖ by Harriet Jacobs We read excerpts only. Key Terms – Style Tone Diction Figurative Language (Simile, Metaphor, Personification) Dialogue Dialect Conflict (external vs. internal) Characterization (Direct vs. Indirect) 4. Abraham Lincoln – ―Gettysburg Address‖ – speech Emancipation Proclamation – proclamation 5. Voices from the Civil War (Letters, Diaries, Speech) p. 570 – 574 Key Idea – Primary sources 6. ―An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge‖ – Ambrose Bierce Key Terms Realism p. 576-577 in textbook Point of View (1st person, 3rd Person Omniscient, 3rd Person Limited) Flashback Thillman 3 Regionalism, Realism and Naturalism (1870 – 1910) p. 618 – 627 in textbook Regionalism and Local Color Writing Regionalism - Outgrowth of Realism (p. 632 – 633) Mark Twain ―The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County‖ The greatest ―American‖ novel – The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn p. 670 - 671 Key terms: tall tale, understatement, irony (dramatic, situational, verbal) Brett Harte – Local Color Writing ―The Outcasts of Poker Flat‖ Realism Female Authors Willa Cather ―A Wagner Matinee‖ Kate Chopin ―The Story of an Hour‖ and ―A Pair of Silk Stockings‖ Edith Wharton ―April Showers‖ Naturalism Jack London ―The Law of Life‖ Transitional Poets Edwin Arlington Robinson ―Richard Cory‖ ―Miniver Cheevy‖ Edgar Lee Masters Spoon River Anthology – collection of 244 dramatic monologues Example - ―Lucinda Matlock‖ Carl Sandburg ―Chicago‖ ―Grass‖ Robert Frost ―Acquainted With the Night‖ ―Nothing Gold Can Stay‖ ―Out, Out—― ―The Death of the Hired Man‖ Literary Terms Sonnet Meter (monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter Thillman 4 Iambic vs. Trochaic Free Verse Alliteration Poetic Form Repetition Figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole) Imagery Theme Tone Dialect Diction Irony Mood Apostrophe Anaphora Epithet Symbol/symbolism Modernism F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby -review open note quizzes and assignments The research paper process/MLA citation Vocabulary – 5 lists Grammar Types of Sentences (Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex) Clause (independent vs. dependent) Identifying Subjects and Predicates Pronouns – nominative, objective, possessive case; agreement with antecedent; who/whom Comma Usage – after items in a list, and after introductory elements: Dependent clause Transitional Words and Phrases Verbals (Infinitive and Participial Phrases) Introductory Prepositional phrases Parallel Structure Active/Passive Voice Thillman 5 Essay topics: 1. Using examples that we have read in class this semester and selections from your research paper, explain the relationship between American history and American literature. 2. American author Gertrude Stein once said to Ernest Hemingway about the artists of the1920s, ―You are all a lost generation.‖ a. Explain what it means to be ―lost‖ in this context, and b. Analyze how characters in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby are representative of the lost generation of the 1920s and 1930s in America. Support your answer with as much evidence from the novel as you can.