Download ER and –IR Verbs - Sacred Heart Academy

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Transcript
-ar, -er and –ir verbs in the
present tense
Review
Verb a part of speech indicating action
 Infinitive an unchanged verb. In English it usually includes the

word “to” – to be, to swim, to eat, to live, etc. In
Spanish all infinitives end in either -ar, -er-, ir.

Conjugate
To change the verb from the infinitive to a form that
matches the subject.
Subject The person or thing doing the action
 Conjugations the forms of the verb after you conjugate it.
 Subject pronouns a word that replaces the proper names of

nouns.
Subject pronouns
Singular
1st person
I = yo
Plural
We (m) = Nosotros
We (f) = Nosotras
2nd person
You = tú
3rd person
He = él
They (m) = ellos
She = ella
They (f) = ellas
You = Ud.
You all = Uds.
Conjugating Verbs
To conjugate a verb in Spanish you
 take off the ending, -ar, -er, -ir

◦ you are left with the stem of the verb
 comer – er = com (the stem)
add on the appropriate ending to match
the subject.
 But What Are The Endings?

-ER and –IR verb endings
-ar
-er
-ir

Yo
-o
-o
-o

Tú
-as
-es
-es

Él, ella, Ud.
-a
-e
-e

Nosotros

Ellos, Ellas, Uds.
-amos -emos -imos
-an
-en
-en