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Transcript
Pre-Historic Georgia
The indigenous people came from Asia across the
"Bering Land Bridge"!
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Pre-Historic Georgia
A
rchaic
P
Woodlands
aleo
Mississippians
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Where is Georgia?
Georgia
5 Regions/6 Physical Features/NW
Hemispheres/USA
Place/Location/
Regions/
Features
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Where is Georgia?
4
Most Georgians Live
In This Region...
2
6
3
1
•Fall Line
•Barrier Islands
•Okefenokee Swamp
•Appalachian Mtns.
•Chattahoochee River
•Savannah River
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
5
European Exploration and Colonization
Great Britain
Hernando De Soto
Gold
Catholic
Missions
Friars
St Catherine's
Barrier Islands
Guale
Mocama
Protestants
Huguenots
Mercantilism
Virginia Colony
Jamestown
France
Spain
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Georgia Becomes a Colony...
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
"The Trustee
Period"
1732-1752
•21-21-5
•Trustees
•Years
•"Rules of the Land"
•James Oglethorpe (GB)
•Friend Died in Debtor's Prison
•Wanted GA to be a Colony
for the "Worthy Poor”
•Chief Tomochichi
•Mary Musgrove
•City of Savannah
•The Salzburgers
•The Highland Scots
•The "Battle of Bloody
Marsh"
•The "Spanish Threat"
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
•King George II
Approved (Charter of
1732) it For 3 Reasons:
•Charity/ Economics/
Defense ("Spanish
Threat")
"Royal Colony"
1752-1776
Royal Governors
John Reynolds
Henry Ellis
James Wright
The Road to Discontent and The
American Revolution...
Colonist/Patriots/Whigs vs Great Britain/Loyalists/Tories
French and
Indian War
France and Great Britain
Also known as the "Seven
Year's War"
Native Americans Fought
with France
Fought Over the Ohio River
Valley Territory
Great Britain Won
The "Treaty of Paris" gave
G.B. the Territory...
King George III's
"Proclamation of 1763"
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
The War Was
Expensive... the
Colonist Paid...
The "Sugar Act"
The "Stamp Act" "TAXATION
WITHOUT REPRESENTATION
"
"Son's of Liberty" and the
"Boston Massacre"
The "Townshend Act"
The "Tea Act"
The "Boston Tea Party"
The "Intolerable Acts"
The fighting begins at
the "Battle of
Lexington and
Concord"!
Georgia in the American Revolution...
"The siege of Savannah"
"Battle of Kettle Creek"
•Georgia was a Loyal Colony
•Georgia gained Territory after the French
and Indian War
•Georgia was the Only Colony to Follow the
"Stamp Act"
•Georgia's Group of "Patriots" were the
"Liberty Boys"
•When the colonists met at the First
Continental Congress, Georgia had no
delegates.
Elijah Clarke
Austin Dabney
Nancy Hart
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Georgia's Role With "The Declaration of Independence"
Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall and George Walton - Georgia’s Second
Provincial Congress met in Tondee’s Tavern (“The Cradle of Liberty in
Georgia”) in Savannah, GA and appointed delegates to the Second
Continental Congress. They Signed the Declaration of Independence.
Preamble-Feelings
Body-Grievance Against the
King
Conclusion-Declared
Independence
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Georgia's Constitution of 1777 and the U.S. Constitution
Georgia's Constitution of
1777 was Modeled after
the Articles of
Confederation
No Tax
Collection
System
Too Much
Legislative
Power
(Unicameral)
No Military to
Enforce Laws
• Georgia had two delegate that signed the Constitution :
• Abraham Baldwin (His vote forced a tie over the issue to support small state representation)
• He helped develop the “Great Compromise” (Each state gets 2 members (bicameral) in the Senate, but representation in the
House of Representation was based on the states’ population.
• William Few (voted in favor of the National Government)
• Baldwin and Few hoped the Federal Government would help them fight the Native Americans in Georgia.
• On January 2, 1788, Georgia was the 4th State to Ratify (approve) the U.S. Constitution.
• Since southern states were made up of many slaves , how weren’t allowed to vote, the population was counted by measuring each slave as 3/5
of a person (“The Three-Fifths Compromise”).
• In 1791, Ten Amendments were added to the Constitution called the “Bill of Rights”.
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Georgia's Growth and Expansion
1st State University in the U.S.A. - U.G.A. Athens, GA
Capitol City - Moved From Savannah to Louisville
Baptist and Methodist Church Growth - "Second Great Awakening"
Land Policies - Headright System, Land Lotteries and the Yazoo Land Fraud
Technological Growth - Raildroads & Cotton Gin (Eli Whitney)
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Indian Removal
Creek
2 chiefs and 2 Treaties
Alexander McGillivray - Treaty of New York
William McIntosh - Treaty of Indian Springs
Cherokee
"Assimilates" (White Life)/Sequoyah (Written Language)
Chief John Ross
Dahlonega Gold Rush - Georgia Wanted the Land
President Andrew Jackson Executed the "Indian Removal Act"
Worcester vs Georgia (Court Case Challenging the "Indian Removal Act")
Judge John Marshall Ruled in Favor of the Cherokee
A Group of Cherokee Eventually Gave-Up the Land With the Treaty of Echota
"The Trail of Tears"
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Causes of the Civil War
Sectionalism
Slavery
States' Rights
Tariff of 1828
Nullification
Missouri Compromise
(Missouri/Maine) (2 at a
time)
Compromise of 1850 (C.A./
Fugitive Slave Act)
Georgia Platform (Uphold the
Fugitive Slave Act/Not ban
Slavery)
Kansas-Nebraska Act
(Popular Sovereignty)
Key Events...
Key Events...
First Battle - Fort Sumter April 12,
1861
Kentucky, Maryland,Missouri and
Delaware were "border states" - Didn't
join the Confederacy
Antietam- Bloodiest Day of the War
Emancipation Proclamation - Slaves
Free
Chickamauga - Georgia's first and
largest battle
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Union Blockade - Prevented the
South from trading with Europe
Gettysburg- Largest and deadliest
Battle (Union Won)
Atlanta Campaign - The Union's
mission to take Atlanta - General
William Sherman forced
Confederates out of Atlanta and
burned 90% of the city. Sherman
continued his "march to the sea" taking Savannah.
Dred Scott (Blacks Not a
Citizen/ Can't Sue)
Election of 1860 (Republican
Abraham Lincoln-AntiSlavery)
GA seceded from the Union in
1/21/1861 Alexander Stephen
voted against secession)
Key Events...
Captured Union soldiers were
placed in Andersonville Prison
-horrible Conditions - 13700
soldiers are buried there.
General Lee surrendered to
the Union April 9, 1865 - The
War Was Over
620,000 died... 2/3's from
disease, wounds or prison
hardships.
Reconstruction
Admitting Southern States Back Into The Union...
Freedmen's Bureau
Sharecroppers and Tenant Farmers
13th Amendment - Outlawed Slavery
14th Amendment - Citizenship and Protection Under the Law
15th Amendment - All Males the Right to Vote Regardless of
Race
Henry McNeal Turner and Other Black Legislators
Won Elections in Georgia for the First Time.
Klu Klux Klan - The Rise of Secret Hate Groups
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
"The New
South"
Bourbon
Triumvirate
"Industry and Business is better
than agriculture."
Racial Tension grew as Hoke Smith
ran for Governor and promised to
remove the voting rights of Blacks...
Joseph Brown John Gordon Alfred Colquitt Wealthy Democrats who argued for Industry and
Business in Georgia; Believed in White Supremacy...
Henry Grady - An ally of the Bourbon
Triumvirate- Editor of the AJC - Voice of the
South - Advocated for the "New South"
The International Cotton Explosion - Hosted
in Georgia to spotlight Georgia
Populist- Farmers hated the industry/business
movement - started the Farmer's Alliance- led
to the Populist Party under Tom Watson
Rebecca Latimer Felton - First U.S. Female
Senator- for 24 hours - Replaced Tom Watson
Dr. Eldrick H. Horton ©
Atlanta Race Riots - 1906
Frank Leo Case - Antisemitism
County Unit System - Voting System
that supported small counties
Jim Crow Laws - Segregation
Plessy v. Ferguson - "Segregation was
legal" as long as "separate was equal"...
Disenfranchisement- Denying Voting
Rights
Racial Violence- KKK, cross burnings,
polling places, churches
The Response
from Blacks...
Booker T. Washington - No integration/Hard
work/Vocational Education
W. E. B. Du Bois - Believed that Blacks should
speak out for their rights!
John Hope - First President of Morehouse
College and founded the first Black Graduate
School for African Americans
Lugenia Burns Hope - founded Neigh7Union
for poor blacks
Georgia and World
War I...
CAUSES:
M.A.I.N./Assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
GEORGIA'S CONTRIBUTIONS:
Training Camps
Built Planes
Trained Pilots
Prisoners of War Camps
Victory Gardens