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HEALTHY EATING
BY KEITH MARIO SCHEMBRI
THE FOOD PYRAMID IS A GUIDE TO HEALTHY
EATING.
CARBOHYDRATES
Carbohydrates are important because they give us energy, especially to athletes and
sportsmen .
Examples of carbohydrates are bread , rice, pasta, noodles and
cereal.
They are important but should be eaten in moderation.
VEGETABLES
Vegetables have to be eaten every day
because they help us to fight many
diseases.They have different vitamins and
minerals depending on their colour. That’s why
it is important to have a variety of vegetables.
FRUIT
Fruit should be an important part of our daily diet. They
contain vitamins and minerals, and plant chemicals called
phytochemicals. They help to protect the body against some
diseases. Fruit are like vegetables but have to be eaten less
than vegetables because they has some natural sugars. They
are nutritious and delicious.
PROTEINS
Protein builds the tissues in our body; the stuff our
body's made up of. Our muscles, our organs, and our
immune system are made up mostly of protein. Our
body uses protein to make hemoglobin , the part of red
blood cells that carries oxygen to every part of your
body. Many foods contain protein but the best sources
are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds,
and legumes like black beans and lentils.
DAIRY
Dairy products are usually high energy food products. They are a
source of calcium which is good for the bones. Dairy products can
cause health issues to people who have lactose intolerance or a milk
allergy. Dairy products including cheese, ice cream, milk, butter, and
yoghurt can contribute significant amounts of cholesterol and
saturated fat to the diet.
We should eat 3 portions a day.
OMEGA 3 FOODS
When it comes to fat, there is one type you don’t want
to cut back on: omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 is found
in fish and nuts. If you eat omega-3 you will have
healthier brain function.
FATS , OILS AND SUGAR.
Fats , oils and sugar are the least healthy foods. They give us calories , cholesterol and make
us obese. But you can eat some once in a while.
If we eat a balanced diet and do some
exercise everyday , we get a good
chance to live a fit and healthy life.