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Transcript
Business Foundations
Chapter 3 Slide Show notes
Name_______________________Per_______
Measuring Economic Activity
_________ ___________ _____________ are used to measure the health and strength of
the economy.
Economic indicators measure things like how much a country is producing, whether its
economy is growing, and how it compares to other countries.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Economists include four main areas in calculating the GDP:
• Consumer goods and services
• Business goods and services
• Government goods and services
• Goods and services sold to other countries
The __________ __ _________ is the amount of goods and services the average citizen
can buy. (how well people live)
Unemployment Rate
The unemployment rate measures:
There are different reasons for being unemployed, including:
Changes in the unemployment rate show whether an economy is picking up or slowing
down.
Rate of Inflation
___________ is a general increase in the cost of goods and services.
The_____________________(CPI) measures inflation. The CPI calculates what it costs
the typical family of 4 to live.
Inflation can happen when an economy actually becomes too productive.
(grows to fast)
This situation can spiral out of control and lead to _________________.
______________is a general decrease in the cost of goods and services.
2
National Debt
When the government spends more on programs than it collects in taxes, the difference in
the amount is called the ________________.
National Debt
The total amount of money a government owes is its ___________________.
If a nation spends less than its income, it has a ____________________.
The Business Cycle
The rise and fall of economic activity over time is called the business cycle.
The four phases of the business cycle are:
1.
2.
3.
4.