Do Now • How did the U.S. prepare for WWII on the homefront? Give at least 2 examples. World War II • 1940—FDR elected to a 3rd term • Broke tradition with Washington’s precedent • Only President to serve more than 2 terms • 1951—22nd Amendment— limits Presidents to 2 terms World War II • The war was fought on multiple fronts • The Pacific Theater • U.S. used the policy of “island hopping” to defeat Japan World War II • European Theater • 1942-43 • The U.S. invades North Africa, then Italy to push back the Nazis World War II • The Soviet Union was fighting the Nazis in Eastern Europe • They wanted the U.S. and Britain to open up a front in Western Europe World War II • The Allied invasion of Western Europe began on June 6, 1944--“D-Day” • 160,000 troops attacked • Germans being attacked on 3 fronts: Italy, Russia, France • This was the major turning point of the war World War II • Less than one year after D-Day, the Allies (US, GB, Soviet Union) had defeated Hitler • Hitler committed suicide, and Germany surrendered • W. Germany occupied by the Allies until 1952 • Tension between U.S. and Soviet Union led to the Cold War (19451990) The Holocaust • Hitler’s “Final Solution” was to exterminate the Jews of Europe • 6 million killed • German officials were put on trial at Nuremberg in 1946, charged with crimes against humanity for the holocaust End of the War • April 1945—FDR dies • VP Harry Truman becomes President • U.S. must decide how to defeat Japan • Invade Japan?? • Use atomic bomb??? • Truman gives Japan a warning that the most destructive weapon ever will be used • Aug 6, 1945Hiroshima • Aug 9, 1945Nagasaki • Japan surrenders after 2nd bomb Impact of WWII • Fascism is defeated, but new challenges arise • Creation of the United Nations • Cold War between US and Soviet Union • Creation of Israel • Occupation of W. Germany and Japan – Create democracy in these countries Closing • 1. Do you agree with the idea that Presidents should be limited to two terms? Explain your view on this. • 2. Considering the options available, should Harry Truman authorized the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?