Download WP2_Commitment 9_Arkadiusz Kowalski

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Commitment 9: Set out EIT strategic agenda
By mid-2011, the EIT should set out a Strategic
Innovation Agenda (SIA) to expand its activities as a
showcase for Innovation in Europe. This should map out
its long-term development within the Innovation Union,
including
the
creation
of
new
Knowledge
and
Innovation Communities (KICs), close links with the
private
sector
and
a
stronger
role
in
entrepreneurship. It should also build on the EIT
Foundation set up in 2010 and on the introduction in
2011 of the "EIT degree" as an internationally recognized
label of excellence.
Commitment map
Commitment’s
rationale
Solution
Main impact channels
Main areas of impact
Economic (+/-):
increased quality
competition
2. more innovative
SMEs
3. stimulation of R&D
4. focus on specific
regions and sectors
5. labor market
changes (incl. brain
drain)
1.
Focus on key societal
challenges faced by Europe
Synergies between innovation,
research and education as the
main drivers of the global
knowledge economy
Limited capacity of the EU to
convert knowledge into
commercial use
Integrating the knowledge
triangle by supporting the KICs
and the EIT RIS (Regional
Innovation Scheme)
Embedding entrepreneurship in
the EU education and research
through EIT labelled degree
programs and EIT awards
Difficulties in promoting an
innovation culture in research
and education in the EU
Difficulties in developing critical
masses of resources in
innovation in the EU
Difficulties in rewarding
excellence in research and
education in the EU
Embedding entrepreneurship in
the EU industry through EIT
roundtable of entrepreneurs
Embeddedness:
shaping values and attitudes in
European societies that trigger
innovation (mobility, openness,
cooperativeness, trust)
Institutional environment:
European regulations enabling
creation of KICs (Regulation
(EC) No 294/2008,
Regulation (EU) No
1292/2013)
Governance:
new management and control
methods (KICs, EIT RIS, EIT
awards, roundtable of
entrepreneurs, EIT Performance
Measurement System) + new
business model for knowledge
triangle
Resource allocation:
(financial, human and physical)
from EU and non EU
countries/public and private
sector
Social (+/-):
enhanced equality
treatment
2. positive effects on
educational systems
3. increased social
cooperation
1.
Environmental (+/-):
1. transport and the
use of energy (more
efficient energy use)
2. climate (increased
ability to adapt to
climate change)
Indicators
Output measures:
innovation counts,
number of tech spinoffs, number of
business creations
and high growth
innovative SMEs
Outcome
EU innovativeness
Economic growth (real
GDP growth rate)
Throughput
measures: patents,
publications,
prototypes and
inventions, number of
collaborative projects
International
competitiveness
Employment
Input measures: R&D
expenditures, R&D
employees, number of
industrial PHDs,
number of graduates
Theoretical frameworks for analyzing the contribution of EIT actions to
innovation
1. The knowledge triangle concept (interaction between research, education and innovation)
2. I-U collaboration and knowledge transfer between universities and industry
3. Networked innovation approach
The main relationship:
the impact of collaboration (coordinated by EIT actions) between
higher education and research institutions and industry
(business firms) on innovation in Europe
Empirical evidence
See Table [pdf]: Empirical papers investigating the impact of collaboration between higher education and research
institutions and industry on innovation in Europe.
Moving ahead
Empirical research
Direct impact – econometric study
H: There is a positive relationship between KIC participation and firm innovativeness
(innovation counts, total innovation expenditures, ratio of sales of new products to total firm sales,
degree of novelty of firm product, introduction of product and service innovations, product and
process innovations, R&D spendings, R&D intensity, R&D productivity).
Data source:
1. EIT and KICs
2. CIS data
Indirect impact – influence on growth, employment, competitiveness (qualitative assessment
based on interviews and case studies, data presentation from the EIT Performance Measurement
System)