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• Abiotic: Non-living physical or chemical factors in the environment; for example: air, sun, water and soil (minerals) • Biotic: Living components in the environment such as humans, plants, birds, microorganisms, and insects • Ecosystem: all the interacting biotic and abiotic parts of an area; an ecosystem can be large or small, but must contain all of the abiotic and biotic features. • Organism: an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form. • Individual : A single organism • Population: a collection of organisms of the same species found in a specific geographic area • • Population Density: The number of a species in a specific area Community, also called biological community: an interacting group of various species in a common location. • Habitat: the natural environment where an organism lives Producer: organism that makes its own food using abiotic components such as water, air, nutrients, and sunlight Consumer: organism that cannot make its own food; eats other organisms Decomposer: organism that feeds on dead plants or animals; breaks complex molecules into simpler nutrients. • The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.