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1. Wendi founded the ___________ dynasty that reunited China under one emperor. 2. Under the Tang dynasty, rulers carried out many ______________. 3. During the rule of the Song dynasty, China enjoyed a period of cultural achievement and __________. 4. Many Chinese thought that Buddhist monks and nuns weakened respect for family life because they were not allowed to _______________. 5. The Tang dynasty returned to the ideas of _________ to reduce the popularity of Buddhism in China. Chapter 12 Section 1 The Sui and Tang Dynasties reunited and rebuilt China after years of war. Subtopics Sui Features Tang Song Features Time Period Important Rulers Reason for Decline So what? What is important to understand about this? 1. 2. 3. • Han Empire ended in A.D. 220 • No Government for the next 300 years. • Chinese warlords were military leaders that ran the government. • They fought with each other. • Nomads conquered parts of China. • A.D. 960 - 1279 • A. D. 960 – Military General declares himself Emperor. • Prosperity and Cultural Achievement. • Problem: not enough soldiers to control the large Empire. • Early Tang rulers were not Buddhists. • They did allow the religion to be practiced. • Over time they feared Buddhism ‘s growing power. • A.D. 845 destroyed monasteries & temples. • Buddhism spread East into Korea. • Later spread into Japan. • The Tang & Song Rulers brought back Confucianism. • Neo-Confucianism – life in this world was just as important as the afterlife. • Became a religion with beliefs about the spiritual world. • Taught that followers would find a peace of mind and live in harmony with nature. • Civil Service Examinations reintroduced. • Used a merit system to base people. • Only men could take the test. • Only 1 in 5 passed the test. • A new wealthy class was created. The Sui and Tang Dynasties reunited and rebuilt China after years of war. Subtopics Sui Features Tang Song Features Time Period Important Rulers Reason for Decline So what? What is important to understand about this? 1. 2. 3.