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Transcript
FOREIGN POLICY OF THE EARLY
COLD WAR YEARS
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER
EISENHOWER’S POLICYS
• Brinksmanship
“The willingness to go to the BRINK to try to force the
other side to back down”
Eisenhower’s “NEW LOOK” policy
• Cut military spending
• Reduce the size of the army
• Increase the number of nuclear weapons
• Develop the Hydrogen Bomb
• Bigger, better and more bomber aircraft B52
• Improve and increase ICBMs (intercontinental
ballistic missiles
• MASSIVE RETALIATION
The idea that if we use nuclear weapons against
communist aggression we will go all out. Not
just a few at a time but hundreds all at once
• ARMS RACE
The competition between the United States and
the Soviet Union to build more and “better”
nuclear weapons
To lead the arms race as a way to feel safer
• MUTUALLY ASSURED DESTRUCTION
The idea that if each nation has enough nuclear
weapons to totally destroy the other then any
war is impossible
• SPUTNIK CRISIS
The Soviets launch the first satellite into orbit in
1957. Causes fear that America is loosing the
Cold War to the communists.
Begins the SPACE RACE
It’s all about the Rocket Science Why?
• N.A.S.A. The National Aeronautics and Space
Administration
Created in 1958 in an effort to develop
America’s rocket technology and control nearearth space
• NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT
Provide funding for improving education in
science and math.
Meant to train and develop more engineers and
scientists to in an effort gain ground in the arms
and space races
• MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPEX
In a 1961 farewell address Eisenhower warns of
the growing influence of the defense industry
on the American government and foreign Policy.