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FOREIGN POLICY OF THE EARLY COLD WAR YEARS PRESIDENT EISENHOWER EISENHOWER’S POLICYS • Brinksmanship “The willingness to go to the BRINK to try to force the other side to back down” Eisenhower’s “NEW LOOK” policy • Cut military spending • Reduce the size of the army • Increase the number of nuclear weapons • Develop the Hydrogen Bomb • Bigger, better and more bomber aircraft B52 • Improve and increase ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles • MASSIVE RETALIATION The idea that if we use nuclear weapons against communist aggression we will go all out. Not just a few at a time but hundreds all at once • ARMS RACE The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to build more and “better” nuclear weapons To lead the arms race as a way to feel safer • MUTUALLY ASSURED DESTRUCTION The idea that if each nation has enough nuclear weapons to totally destroy the other then any war is impossible • SPUTNIK CRISIS The Soviets launch the first satellite into orbit in 1957. Causes fear that America is loosing the Cold War to the communists. Begins the SPACE RACE It’s all about the Rocket Science Why? • N.A.S.A. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Created in 1958 in an effort to develop America’s rocket technology and control nearearth space • NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT Provide funding for improving education in science and math. Meant to train and develop more engineers and scientists to in an effort gain ground in the arms and space races • MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPEX In a 1961 farewell address Eisenhower warns of the growing influence of the defense industry on the American government and foreign Policy.