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The Amendments to the Constitution 1 Bill of Rights • Amendments 1-10 The First Amendment • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech,or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. 1st Amendment Freedom of Religion • Americans are free to worship—or not to worship. No government official can tell a person if, how, when, where or why they pray. Students cannot be forced to participate in religious activities, however they may lead or participate in religious acitivies. 1st Amendment Freedom of Speech • The First Amendment guarantees that all people will be free to express their opinions, no matter how unpopular those opinions may be. 1st Amendment Freedom of the Press • The First Amendment ensures that a free and responsible press will be able to keep the public informed. Examples: Newspapers, TV, Radio, Magazines 1st Amendment Freedom of Assembly • The First Amendment ensures that citizens will have the right to assemble peaceably, even when they are protesting. 1st Amendment Freedom to Petition • The First Amendment gives citizens the right to petition, expressing complaints or support, whether at the ballot box or through elected representatives. You teach. Upon my call: Turn to your neighbor and tell them the 5 basic rights the first amendment gives citizens. Then You switch and do the same. may use your notes. Amendment 2 • Right to bear arms • protects the right to own guns Amendment 3 • Quartering of Troops • guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board. Amendment 4 • Search and Seizure • protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without a valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason). Amendment 5 • Due Process • protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicted, (accused) • You may not be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy) • You don’t have to testify against yourself Amendment 6 • Criminal Proceedings • guarantees a speedy trial an impartial jury • that the accused can confront witnesses against them • the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer Amendment 7 • Civil Trials • Guarantees the right to a civil trial in any case that exceeds $20, and jury if requested Amendment 8 • Excessive punishment • Limits excessive bail • guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set. Amendment 9 • People's rights are not limited to the rights listed in the Constitution. Examples: Marry anyone you want, live in any state you want Amendment 10 • states that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people You teach. Turn to your same partner from before and: Tell which amendments deal with -gun rights -a citizen’s right to have a lawyer Other Amendments Amendment 13 (1865) Ended Slavery in the United States People cannot be forced to work against their will unless they have been tried for and convicted of a crime for which this means of punishment is ordered. Amendment 14 (1868) All citizens must be protected equally by law. All persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States and of the state in which they live. Guarantees due process of law According to due process of law, no state may take away the rights of a citizen. Amendment 15 (1870) The right of citizens to vote cannot be based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. This guarantees all people, regardless of their race or color of their skin, the right to vote. Amendment 16 ( 1913) Allowed the federal government to tax people’s incomes. Congress has the power to collect taxes on its citizens, based on their personal incomes rather than on the number of people living in a state. Amendment 18 (1919) Outlawed the sale of alcohol An era of gangsters The 21st Amendment allowed the sale of alcohol again. 25 Watch Prohibition Video 26 Amendment 19 (1920) Granted women the right to vote. Susan B. Anthony led the fight for women’s rights. Watch School House Rock Video 28 Which amendment ended slavery? Amendment 13 Amendment 14 Amendment 15 Which amendment ended slavery? Amendment Amendment 14 Amendment 15 13 Which amendment guarantees all people regardless of their race the right to vote? Amendment 14 Amendment 15 Amendment 19 Which amendment guarantees all people regardless of their race the right to vote? Amendment 14 Amendment Amendment 19 15 Which amendment allowed the government to tax people’s income? Amendment 14 Amendment 16 Amendment 19 Which amendment allowed the government to tax people’s income? Amendment 14 Amendment Amendment 16 19 Name the amendment that protects the rights of all citizens. Amendment 14 Amendment 15 Amendment 19 Name the amendment that protects the rights of all citizens. Amendment Amendment 15 Amendment 19 14 What amendment granted women the right to vote? Amendment 13 Amendment 16 Amendment 19 What amendment granted women the right to vote? Amendment 13 Amendment 16 Amendment 19 Writing Activity Choose the amendment that you believe is the most important. Write a paragraph stating why you chose this amendment. Give details that will support your choice. You should have at least 5 sentences.