Download Canada Enters World War II The Second World War Begins!

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
Canada Enters World War II
The Second World War Begins!
• World War II began on
September 1, 1939 with
Germany and the Soviet
Unions synchronized
attack on Poland.
• Germany attacked from
the West side, while the
Soviet Union attacked
from the East.
• Poland surrenders
September 28-30, 1939
Blitzkrieg (Lightning War)
• Germany relied on a new military
tactic called the "Blitzkrieg" (lightning
war)
• Required the concentration of
offensive weapons (tanks, planes, and
artillery) along a narrow front.
• Forces would breach small areas in
enemy defenses, permitting
armoured tanks to penetrate rapidly.
• Caused shock and disorganization
among the enemy defenses.
• German forces would then turn and
encircle opposing troops, forcing their
surrender.
The Allies Respond
• On September 3, 1939, Britain
and France, having sworn to
protect Poland's borders,
declared war on Germany.
• Although Britain was hesitant to
aid Poland at first, both Britain
and France sought to stop
Germany before it became too
powerful.
• On September 9th, having met in
a special parliamentary session
two days earlier, the Canadian
government approved the
support of Britain and France.
Canada Declares War!
• Canada declares war on September 10th, 1939.
The War at Home
• At the beginning of World War II, there were only
10,000 members of the Canadian armed forces.
At the time, Canada only had a population of 10
million people.
• Millions of other Canadians contributed to the
war effort by working in war factories, mines,
forests and farms.
• Canada’s allies were impressed by Canada’s
availability to provide huge amounts of war
equipment, supplies, and food to help win the
war.
• The total cost of the war for Canada was about
$16 billion ($150 billion in today’s dollars)
• This was Incredible for a country with such a
small population!
Canada Ramps up Its Armed Forces
• By the end of September,
Canada had over 58,000
people enlisted in its armed
forces.
• Many of these recruits were
unemployed men.
• On September 16, the first
battalion of soldiers left for
England, with 23,000
(roughly 40%) of them
untrained Canadian troops.
World War II – A Different Kind of War
• Huge technological advances occurred during
the start of WWII.
• Many new weapons, vehicles and ways of
communication were developed.
Guns
• The introduction of
automatic guns in WWII led
to a change in warfare.
• Past problems with reloading
were solved by larger clips of
bullets.
• The use of the bazooka
allowed soldier to attack
tanks and buildings without
setting up demolitions
(prevented more causalities)
Tanks
• Tanks were used during World
War I but were not as advanced
as they were in the Second
World War.
• Tanks now had radio
communication, better
armoured protection.
• Equipped with artillery and
assault guns.
• Turrets guns increased
accuracy and damage to other
tanks.
Planes
• World War II was the first war that was won in the
air.
• Precision bombing and high-powered guns made
ground targets more vulnerable. (Ex. Bombing of
Dresden, Germany)
• Dog fighting became a major part of the war.
• With better engines and plane structures, pilots
were able to reach higher speeds and cover more
ground.
• P-51 Mustang
P-51 Mustang Redefines
Combat Fighting
• http://www.history.com/shows/dogfights/video
s#p-51-mustang-redefines-combat-fighting
• ME-109 vs. P-51 Mustang
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lt8G3vxLm
KE
• Source: History Channel
Stealth Bombing – A Powerful Force
• The Bombing of Dresden was a
military bombing by the British Royal
Air Force (RAF) and the United States
Army Air Force (USAAF) as part of
the Allied forces between February
13th and 15th, 1945.
• 3,600 planes, dropped:
▫ 650,000 incendiaries.
▫ 8000 lb. high-explosive bombs.
▫ Hundreds of 4,000 Ib. bombs.
• The resulting firestorm destroyed 39
square kilometres of the city centre,
resulting in the deaths of 25,000
civilians.
Ships and Submarines
• The biggest advancement in naval warfare during
WWII was the development of the aircraft carrier.
• Planes could reach further distances and were able
to return back to their countries’ carriers instead of
landing in another country.
• Submarines were also a big part of naval battle
• German U-boats were used for stopping and
destroying boats that were carrying supplies across
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
Communication
• The biggest inventions in
communication technology were
radar and sonar.
• This technology was used on
planes and ships, as well as on the
ground.
• There were also technologies
invented to jam enemy radar.
Summary
• World War II began on September 1, 1939 with
Germany and the Soviet Union’s synchronized
attack on Poland.
• Germany relied on a new military tactic called the
"Blitzkrieg" (lightning war)
• Canada declares war on September 10th, 1939.
• World War II had tremendous impact on developing
new technologies and changes in the way wars are
fought today.