Download - Backpack

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Statistics wikipedia , lookup

History of statistics wikipedia , lookup

Ars Conjectandi wikipedia , lookup

Birthday problem wikipedia , lookup

Probability interpretations wikipedia , lookup

Probability wikipedia , lookup

MTH201: Probability and Statistics
Quiz 1 Answers
Date: February 4, 2015
1. A laboratory blood test is 99% e_ective in detecting a certain disease when it is, in fact, present. However,
the test also yields a false positive result for 1% of the healthy persons tested. (That is, if a healthy person
is tested, then, with probability 0.01, the test result will imply he or she has the disease.) If 0.5% of the
population actually has the disease, what is the probability a person has the disease given that his test
result is positive?
Ans: 0.3322
2. Obtain the sample space of an experiment that consists of a fair coin being tossed four times. Consider
the following events:
a. A is the event all four results are the same.
b. B is the event exactly one Head occurs.
c. C is the event at least two Heads occur.
Calculate P(A) + P(B) + P(C)
Ans: 17/16
3. An urn contains b black balls and r red balls. One of the balls is drawn at random, but when it is put back
in the urn c additional balls of the same color are put in with it. Now suppose that we draw another ball.
Compute the probability that the first ball drawn was black given that the second ball drawn was red.
Ans: 𝑏+𝑟+𝑐
4. Five people are sitting at a table in a restaurant. Two of them order coffee and the other three order tea.
The waiter forgot who ordered what and puts the drinks in a random order for the five persons. Compute
the size of the sample space and determine the probability that each person gets the correct drink.
Ans: 0.1
5. There are 6 boxes numbered 1, 2,....6. Each box is to be filled up either with a red or a green ball in such a
way that at least 1 box contains a green ball and the boxes containing green balls are consecutively
numbered. In how many ways can this be done?
Ans: 21
6. Suppose that each of three men at a party throws his hat into the center of the room. The hats are first
mixed up and then each man randomly selects a hat. What is the probability that none of the three men
selects his own hat?
Ans: 3
7. An airport bus deposits 25 passengers at 7 stops. Each passenger is as likely to get o_ at any stop as at
any other, and the passengers act independently of one another. The bus makes a stop only if someone
wants to get off. What is the probability that somebody gets off at each stop?
Ans: 0.8562