Download Name: Mariam Moh. AlOtaibi The Acropolis of Athens, also called

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Name: Mariam Moh. AlOtaibi
The Acropolis of Athens, also called Cecropia from its reputed founder, Cecrops, is an
ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. Although
there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of
Athens is such that it is commonly known as "The Acropolis" without qualification.
The term acropolis means upper city and many of the city states of ancient Greece
are built around an acropolis where the inhabitants can go as a place of refuge in
times of invasion. It's for this reason that the most sacred buildings are usually on
the acropolis. It's the safest most secure place in town.
the most important surviving building of Classical Greece is The Parthenon. it is
a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered
their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the
height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building
continued until 432 BC.
Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt under the
leadership of Pericles during the Golden Age of Athens. The buildings were seriously
damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians in the Morean War when the
Parthenon was being used for gunpowder storage and was hit by a cannonball.
Map of the Acropolis of Athens in Socrates and Plato's time
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