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Publiczne Gimnazjum
in Czarna
Polish architecture
Workshops in Greece
Athens, 03.03.2015 – 10.03.2015
Romanesque
style
The Church of Saints Peter and Paul
in Kruszwica
Features:
-Romanesque style;
- built on the Latin cross
plan in 1148;
- built of granite
and sandstone with one
brick tower;
- small windows and thick
walls are characteristic
of Romanesque style
Province: Wielkopolskie
Rotunda of St. Nicholas
in Cieszyn
Features:
-one of the oldest Polish
buildings;
-served as a chapel
of the castle;
-Romanesque style;
-building from 1180;
-built of limestone;
- covered with a dome.
Province: Śląskie
Gothic
architecture
St. Mary’s Church in Kraków
Features:
-this church was built of brick
in the 14th and 15th century;
- 2 towers: 82 m and 69 m;
- with a higher tower every day,
every hour played
the bugle - call;
-polychrome church was made
by Jan Matejko - the famous
Polish painter of historical
pictures.
Province: Małopolskie
St. Mary’s Church in Kraków
The main altar was made of wood by Veit Stoss (Polish:
Wit Stwosz) - a famous German sculptor from Nuremberg
Province - Małopolskie
The Krakow Barbican
Features:
-Gothic fortress with seven towers built in years 1498 – 1499;
- for the two gates of the fortress led drawbridges;
- the Barbican has arcades and loopholes
Province - Małopolskie
The Old City Hall in Wrocław
This is an east elevation. It was developed from the end of 13th century to
the middle of 16th century, built on a rectangular plan. The oldest Polish bell
clock from 1368 is located on the tower of the City Hall.
Province - Dolnośląskie
The medieval city of Toruń
Toruń was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in
1997. You can admire the Gothic church, a town hall, towers.
Toruń was found in 1231.
Province: Kujawsko - Pomorskie
The Town Hall in Toruń
Features:
-The Town Hall
was built around
the 13th century.
- The building is in
the Gothic
style, with brick.
- This is an
example
of medieval
architecture
bourgeois.
Province: Kujawsko - Pomorskie
Teutonic Castle in Malbork
- Gothic fortress;
- the monument of
defensive architecture;
- surrounded by a moat;
- built from the 13th to
15th century;
- a brick castle;
Province - Pomorskie
Artus Court in Gdańsk
Artus Court named after the mythical British King Arthur. It was built in Gdańsk
in years 1348-1350. The interior consists of a very extensive hall in the
Gothic style. The Court heyday fall on the 16th and 17th century.
Province - Pomorskie
St. Mary’s Church in Gdańsk
It is a brick building in the Gothic style of 1243 years . The basilica was built
on the Latin cross plan. It has high windows ended with sharp curves.
The church has 412 stairs leading to the tower.
Province - Pomorskie
Renaissance
architecture
Sukiennice in Kraków
It was built in 1257, but new Gothic Sukiennice (Cloth Hall) was built between
1358-1555. Then the building burnt down. Next centuries it was rebuilt, giving
it a Renaissance character. Today it is a branch of the National Museum and
Polish Art Gallery. On the ground floor of Sukiennice is the famous café
Noworolski.
Province - Małopolskie
Wawel Royal Castle in Kraków
Wawel Royal Castle in Kraków
Features:
- Wawel is the hill
where the
castle was built;
-it is the castle of
the Jagiellonian
dynasty;
-visible impact of
Italian
architecture:
cloisters ,
arcades ,
columns, large
courtyard inside;
-Renessaince
style;
Province - Małopolskie
The Town Hall in Tarnów
Features:
-The building
was built in
the late 14th
century in the
Gothic style;
- In the 16th
century, the
town hall was
rebuilt in the
Renaissance
style.
-This brick
building is
finished attic
comb.
Province - Małopolskie
- The building
has a clock
tower from the
17th century.
The Baronial Castle in Krasiczyn
The castle has a square shape with an inner courtyard and 4 towers : Divine, Noble,
Papal and Royal Tower. You can admire the remarkable sgraffito decorations, which
depict biblical scenes, medallions with busts of emperors, the images of Polish kings and
hunting scenes. Sgraffito technique is a decorative wall painting.
Province - Podkarpackie
The City Hall in Poznań
Features:
-built in the 14th century; it has 3 towers;
- Gothic style, three-storey building with arcade
- loggia decorated with murals and reliefs;
-flips - a symbol of Poznań.
Province - Wielkopolskie
The Pomeranian Dukes’ Castle
in Szczecin
Features:
-arcaded courtyard;
- beautiful ornaments
on the walls;
- domes, cornices,
columns;
- proportionality;
- symmetry;
Province - Zachodniopomorskie
Baroque
architecture
The Royal Palace in Wilanów
The Royal Palace in Wilanów
(Wilanów is Warsaw district)
Features:
-built in years 1677-1696
for the Polish King Jan III
Sobieski;
- on the attic are placed
statues of Jupiter –
a symbol of power,
Apollo - a symbol of
justice and Mars –
a symbol of bravery, to
glorify the King Jan III
Sobieski;
-in the garden there are
fountains, many
sculptures,
Province - Mazowieckie
Classicism
18th century architecture
The Belvedere in Warsaw
Features:
- in the 18th century
Baroque residence of
the Polish King
Stanisław August
Poniatowski;
-The Belvedere was
rebuilt in the 19th
century, giving it
a classical style;
- now the headquarters
of the Polish President
Bronislaw Komorowski;
Province - Mazowieckie
The Grand Theatre - National Opera
Features:
in Warsaw
- classicism;
-building from
1825 , designed
by Italian
architect Antonio
Corazzi;
- the facade was
crowned with
a statue of
Apollo, patron of
the arts;
- colonnade;
- tympanum
decorated with
bas-relief;
- symmetry.
Province - Mazowieckie
Royal Baths in Warsaw
- Summer Residence of Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski
Features:
- in Polish: The
Palace on the
Water or the
Łazienki Palace;
- it was built in the
17th century and
between 1772 1793 it was
remodeled;
- building is in the
classical style.
Province - Mazowieckie
Polish architecture
in the 19th and
20th centuries
neo-Romanesque
style
neo-Baroque
style
neo- Gothic
style
neo - Renaissance
style
Imitation of the style
of earlier centuries
in Polish architecture
19th and 20th century
classicism
arcade
style
neo- Romantic
style
eclecticism
secession
- Art Nouveau
Evangelical Church in Rasząg
Features:
-Neo-Romanesque style; the church from 1925; built of stone.
Province – Warmińsko - mazurskie
Wedding Palace in Tarnów
Features:
-Neo-Gothic on the pattern of English;
- pointed arches over the entrance to the building and the windows.
Province - Małopolskie
The Palace in Moszna
Features:
-The palace from the 17th century, rebuilt after a fire in the 19th century;
-Eclecticism: combination of Neo-Gothic and Neo-Renaissance styles;
- 99 towers.
Province - Opolskie
Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków
Features:
-The building is decorated in
an eclectic style with
a predominance of
neo-Baroque;
- built in years 1891 - 1893;
- the facade of the
building is decorated
with allegorical figures:
on the left - Poetry,
Drama and Comedy on
the right - Music, Opera
and Operetta;
Province - Małopolskie
-at the top of the facade
there are statues of
a young man and
a young woman in
a noble outfit –
it's Thaddeus and
Sophie, characters from
the epic poem ‘Sir
Thaddeus’ by Adam
Mickiewicz.
Helena Modrzejewska National
Old Theatre in Kraków
Features:
-This theatre was built
in 1781.
- Architects changed
the appearance
of the facade ,
as referring to the
Florentine
Renaissance.
- Now the building
is in Art Nouveau style
with an asymmetric,
expressive
ornamentation and
subtle pastel colours.
Province - Małopolskie
The Palace in Kamieniec
Features:
Ząbkowicki
-The palace was
built in years
1838 – 1872,
neo-Gothic
style.
- The courtyard
of the castle is
an arcade style.
Province - Dolnosląskie
Park and palace complex
in Pławniowice
Park and palace complex in Pławniowice
Features:
-The Palace until World War II was owned by
Francis II Ballestrem who came from northern
Italy;
- a building style: a combination of the style
of the Dutch neo-mannerism and neo-Gothic
style;
- building from 1882;
- building in the shape of the letter ‘U’ with a clock
tower and several smaller towers, clinker brick
facade;
Province - Śląskie
- inside valuable furniture and unique collections
of weapons and firearms, hunting trophies, as
well as many expensive portraits and paintings by
famous masters.
The Chapel in Zakopane
- The Chapel in Zakopane
(Jaszczurówka district )
was built in years 1904 – 1907;
- Polish monument of
architecture hardwood;
- Zakopane style;
- designed by Stanisław
Witkiewicz - Polish painter and
architect , a creator of Zakopane
style;
- features: at the bottom of a high
wall , high arcaded walkways ,
a shingled roof , a bell tower
Province - Małopolskie
Villa 'Oksza' in Zakopane
Features:
-high cellar with stone
as a building foundation;
- a arched window;
- a wooden wall;
- open verandah supported
by pillars;
-small rooms in the attic;
- shingled roof;
- enriching elements
of Art Nouveau: floral elements
Province - Małopolskie
Polish provinces
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