Download File - Miss Johnson`s ​Classical Literature

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History of Mesopotamia wikipedia , lookup

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The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh
• The most famous piece of
Sumerian literature
• Written 2100 B.C. by the
• Tells the story of Gilgamesh,
King of the city of Uruk who
ruled in 3rd Millennium B.C.
Sumerian Gods
• Nammu: primordial waters
• An: sky
• Ki: earth
• Enlil: god of air
Equivalent of Zeus or Odin
• Ninlil: goddess of air
• Inanna: goddess of love and
Babylonian Ishtar
• Ereshkigal: goddess of the
• Enki: trickster god
• Babylonians repurposed Old
Sumerian Gods
• Carved on stone stele
• Stele: an upright stone slab
or column typically bearing
a commemorative
inscription, relief, or design
• Greek Stele “standing black”
• Broken into twelve tablets
• Sumerian system of writing
• Developed around 3500-3000 B.C.
• Wedge-shaped marks on clay
tablets made by reeds
• Began as pictographs but
developed into phonograms
• Pictograph: a picture symbolizing
a word or phrase
• Latin Pict “to paint”
• Similar to Hieroglyphics
• Phonogram: a symbol
representing a vocal sound
• Greek Phone “voice”
Epic Poem
• Lengthy narrative poem
• Serious subject
• Medias Res: beginning a story by plunging into the
middle of the action
• Latin In Medias Res “in the midst of things”
• Writing style of lofty elevated
• Invocation of the muse
• The hero
Is of national or even cosmic importance
Embodies the values of the civilization
Encounters gods and monsters
Shows great valor during heroic deeds or events;
superhuman courage
• Trip to the underworld
• Often significant to a culture or nation