Download Unit 07 Social, Economic, Political, Diplomatic impact of Civil War

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Transcript
Girding for War:
North & South 1861-1865
Social, Economic, Political, and
Diplomatic Topics of the Civil War
Mr. Pagliaro
Seymour High School
Diplomacy in Declaration of War
• Lincoln: War was
about UNION
• NOT slavery
• Wouldn’t upset
BORDER STATES
• DE, MD, VA (WV),
KY, MO
Native Americans in the War
Cherokee confederates reunion
in New Orelans, 1903
• Oct. 1861-Delaware
Tribe swore allegiance
to Union
• 28,693 Native
Americans served on
both sides
• Cherokee chose
Confederacy
• Slave ownership
• Plains Indians joined
Union
Native Americans sworn
into Union Army
Advantages for each side
UNION
•
•
•
•
Population
Industry
Railroads
Infrastructure
CONFEDERACY
• Defensive War
• Home Territory
• Better military
leadership
• Lee, Jackson
• Europe’s need for
Cotton
Immigration during Civil War
• All #s are to Northern ports
Year
1860*
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
Total Immigrants
153,640
91,918
91,985
176,282
193,418
248,120
French Zuoaves
Trent Affair
• CSA Ambassadors aboard RMS Trent
• John Slidell & James M. Mason
• From Charleston to Cuba to Britain
• Goal: Diplomatic recognition
• Captured by USS San Jacinto
• Americans wanted war w/ Britain
CSS Alabama
• Attacked American
shipping around Europe
• Boared 450 Ships
• Captured 65 Union
merchant ships
• Took 2,000 P.O.W.s
• Never stopped at an
American port
Violating Monroe Doctrine
• Napoleon III (FR) sent Maximilian to be
emperor of Mexico
• Battle of Puebla, May 5, 1862
• No American intervention
Habeas Corpus
• Lincoln suspended
the right to possible
secessionists or
Confederate
sympathizers
Drafts
• Both North and
South enacted drafts
• Union draft
• $300 commutation
fee OR replacement
got people out of
service
• Immigrants drafted
• NYC Draft Riots
• July 13-16, 1863
Economy of Civil War
• Morrill Tariff: increased rate on dutiable
imports 70%
• Inflation:
• Union: Greenbacks; costs rise 80%
• Confederacy: Bluebacks; costs rise 9000%
• Due to Union Blockade
• National Banking System-1863
US Sanitary Commission
• “…coordinate[d] the volunteer [war] efforts of
women…”
•
•
•
•
•
•
raised money ($25 million) via Sanitary Fairs
nurses
ran kitchens in the Army camps
administered hospital ships
Organized lodges for traveling or disabled soldiers
made uniforms
• Sewing machines
• Permanent sizes