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Transcript
Poetry Crash Course
IB/AP English 12
3 Groups
• 1. Dramatic poetry: when speaker/character of
poem speaks to someone else who may respond,
but usually responses are not part of poem
– “The Flea”
• 2. Narrative poetry: poems that tell a story with
elements of plot
– Epics: The Inferno; The Odyssey; Beowulf
• 3. Lyric poetry (lyrics): a poem that expresses
one central thought or emotion
– Many forms fall into this genre
Ballads
• Can be narrative and/or dramatic poems
• Characteristics:
–
–
–
–
–
Question and answer format
Refrain
Omitted details
Supernatural elements
Sensational or tragic subject matter
Lyric Forms
• Ode • Elegy
• Aubade – a poem or song on mourning that
praises it or dismisses it as unimportant
• Sestina
• Villanelle
• Epigram
• Sonnets
Sonnet Forms
• Italian/Petrarchan
– An octave: abbaabba
– A sestet: cdecde
• English/Shakespearean
– Three quatrains: abab cdcd efef
– A couplet: gg
Sonnet Techniques
• Each quatrain presents one idea in relation to
topic
• Ending couplet usually presents the theme
• Blason = an ordered poem of praise, organized
detail by detail
• Turn/volta = A shift in focus or thought; the
speaker is “turning” from one thing to another
– Usually there is one, significant turn
Time Periods/Movements
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Anglo-Saxon
Middle Ages
Renaissance
Restoration
Romantic
Victorian
Modern
Important Poetic Movements
before Modernism
• Carpe Diem Poetry (Renaissance)
– Andrew Marvell
• Metaphysical Poetry (Renaissance)
– John Donne
• Romantic Poetry
– William Wordsworth
Meter
•
•
•
•
•
Iamb
Trochee
Anapest
Dactyl
Spondee
Feet = units of measurement
•
•
•
•
Dimeter
Trimeter
Tetrameter
Pentameter
Put it Together & What Do You
Get?
• Iambic tetrameter
• Dactylic pentameter
• Anapestic hexameter, etc.
Line Groupings
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rule #1 has a particular rhyme scheme
Rule #2 each line has the same meter
Couplet
Sestet
Octave
Quatrain