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Developmental Theories Be able to answer the following: What is the name of your theorist? Was this person best known for research about the social/emotional intellectual, or physical development of children? Briefly explain this person’s development theory. Do you agree with or like this theory? Why or why not? Using children you know or have observed give an example of this theory. Lawrence Kohlberg • Kohlberg’s work aids both our understanding of the ways in which individuals make moral decisions, and demands that we use a more discerning system to critique the systems of justice that are in place in our societies. Abraham Maslow 1908-1970 • His theory states: – Describe the needs pyramid and give an example: Self-actualization Esteem needs - Belonging needs Safety needs Physiological needs - Erik Erikson 1902 - 1994 • His theory states: Eight Stages of Development • • • • • • • • 1. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sigmund Freud 1856 - 1939 • His theory states: – Define the following and give an example of how they work together. • Id • Ego • Superego - Noam Chomsky 1928 - • His theory states: – One example of this is: Jean Piaget 1896 - 1980 • His theory states: – Stages of Development 1. 2. 3. 4. B.F. Skinner 1904 - 1990 • His theory states: – One example of this is: Maria Montessori • Montessori theory that can be applied across all ages. Those principles are: Independence, Observation, Following the Child, Correcting the Child, Prepared Environment and Absorbent Mind. Albert Bandura • Proposed social learning theory. According to this theory of child development, children learn new behaviors from observing other people. Lev Vygotsky • Like Piaget, Vygotsky believed that children learn actively and through handson experiences. Barry Brazelton • Theory on Newborn Development. He focused on emotional expressions on the ways their parents react to, and thereby affect the baby… Dr. Spock • Parents before the War period had been told that picking up infants when they cried would only spoil them.. • Spock countered that cuddling babies and bestowing affection on children would only make them happier and more secure.