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WORLD WAR II Blitzkrieg “Lightning Warfare” Fast-moving, massive armored invasions using tanks, supported by air power. Russia invades Poland By 1940, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania under Soviet control. Russia Invades Finland The Red Army fights the Finns for many months, and nearly lose. Exposed how weak the Red Army actually was. April, 1940 Denmark and Norway invaded successfully by Germany. May, 1940 Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg also invaded by Germany. The Mighty Maginot Line Switzerland declares neutrality This led to the exposure of the Maginot Line. Germany crushes France. Italy Chimes In Mussolini wanted to carve up France and attacked Southern France. His efforts were futile at best. Henry Petain Asks Germany an armistice Churchill replaces Chamberlain Churchill and F.D.R. The U.S. supplies Britain with munitions, warships, supplies, while insisting to remain isolationist. Battle of Britain 15,000 British killed. London bombed repeatedly and nearly destroyed. Royal Air Force Defeat the Luftwaffe and the British win the battle. United all Brits under one common enemy. Operation Barbarossa Secret name given to Germany’s invasion plans of Russia. Invasion proves to be a disaster. Germany delayed on invading. The blitzkrieg failed and Germany was in Russia during the famous Russian winter. Mussolini- the wanna-be conqueror Attempted to invade and conquer France, Greece, Albania, and Egypt. Erwin Rommel Desert Fox, German Pushed the British southward in Egypt. The Third Reich Nazi Germany Japan Invaded Indochina which provoked the U.S. to freeze oil supplies being sent to Japan. Japan loses Indochina, blames the U.S. Hideki Tojo Takes control of Japan and plans for an attack on Pearl Harbor to destroy U.S. ships/ planes. Bombing of Pearl Harbor The Allies are losing the war. Germany was pushing the Russians back. Japan conquered the Pacific Islands. Italy was overrunning Egypt. German submarines were destroying British supplies. U.S. was not ready for a war. The tide turns Battle of Coral Sea- U.S. victory of the Japanese Battle over North Africa British General Montgomery attacked Germans from the east while the U.S. attacked from the west, gaining control of North Africa. Allied invasion of Sicily Led to overthrow of Mussolini Battle of Stalingrad Turning point in the war. Hitler refused to allow generals to surrender and lost his entire army on the east by doing so.