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Name 5-4 Class Date Practice Form G Medians and Altitudes In ABC, X is the centroid. 1. If CW = 15, find CX and XW. 2. If BX = 8, find BY and XY. 3. If XZ = 3, find AX and AZ. Is AB a median, an altitude, or neither? Explain. 4. 5. 6. 7. Coordinate Geometry Find the orthocenter of ABC. 8. A(2, 0), B(2, 4), C(6, 0) 9. A(1, 1), B(3, 4), C(6, 1) 10. Name the centroid. 11. Name the orthocenter. Draw a triangle that fits the given description. Then construct the centroid and the orthocenter. 12. equilateral CDE 13. acute isosceles XYZ Prentice Hall Gold Geometry • Teaching Resources Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 33 Name 5-4 Class Date Practice (continued) Form G Medians and Altitudes In Exercises 14–18, name each segment. 14. a median in ABC 15. an altitude for ABC 16. a median in AHC 17. an altitude for AHB 18. an altitude for AHG 19. A(0, 0), B(0, 2), C(3, 0). Find the orthocenter of ABC. 20. Cut a large isosceles triangle out of paper. Paper-fold to construct the medians and the altitudes. How are the altitude to the base and the median to the base related? 21. In which kind of triangle is the centroid at the same point as the orthocenter? 22. P is the centroid of MNO. MP = 14x + 8y. Write expressions to represent PR and MR. 23. F is the centroid of ACE. AD = 15x2 + 3y. Write expressions to represent AF and FD. 24. Use coordinate geometry to prove the following statement. Given: ABC; A(c, d), B(c, e), C(f, e) Prove: The circumcenter of ABC is a point on the triangle. Prentice Hall Gold Geometry • Teaching Resources Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 34