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Transcript
TESTS FOR HIGHER STANDARDS
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
MINI TEST
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies
Standard 3-4
Dr. S. Stuart Flanagan, Professor Emeritus
College of William and Mary
Copyright © 2000-2009, S. Stuart Flanagan and David E. W. Mott
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
FOR THE SOUTH CAROLINA ACADEMIC STANDARDS
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Standard 3-4:
The student will demonstrate an
understanding of the events that led to the
Civil War, the course of the War and
Reconstruction, and South Carolina’s role in
these events.
3.
Which of the following describes
the difference between the
education of children from the
elite class and the lower
classes?
A
Only boys from the elite classes
were educated, while both girls and
boys were educated in the lower
classes.
Children from the elite classes were
educated by tutors or in private
schools, while children of the lower
classes were not educated at all.
Children from the elite classes were
educated by tutors or private
schools, while only boys from the
lower classes were educated.
Children from the elite classes went
to private schools or were tutored,
while the children of the lower
classes went to public schools.
3.4.1
1.
A
B
C
D
Why did sharecropping become
a popular trend during
Reconstruction?
B
As plantations began to decline,
sharing the crop was the only way
farmers could make a living.
The middle class bought less
cotton, meaning the elite saw more
of its crop destroyed before they
could sell it.
Free and enslaved African
Americans had few other skills so
sharecropping was the only way
they could make a living.
Farmers knew their new money
crop would take a while to grow, so
they hired others to help them.
C
D
4.
What is a reason why many
enslaved African Americans did
not receive an education?
They wanted to protest their
treatment at the hands of Southern
planters so they refused to go to
school.
The Southern planters did not want
them to try to escape.
They were not allowed to attend
school because white children were
afraid of them.
They did not receive money for
their work, so they could not afford
to pay for an education.
2.
Why were the elite and middle
classes upset that the African
Americans were freed?
A
A
They were angry that the slaves
were freed and did not think they
should have voting rights.
Some African Americans were very
rich, and the elite and middle class
whites were jealous of them.
Independent farmers lost money
because they had to share their
crops with the freed slaves.
They were angry that Northerners
did not have to free their slaves.
B
B
C
D
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
C
D
1
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
5.
Which of the following best
describes the ways slaves
worked on the plantation?
A
They worked in the fields, watched
the plantation owners’ children, and
cooked meals for the plantation
owners’ family.
They only helped in the fields and
did nothing else.
They fed the stock and rounded up
the cattle, but left the fields to the
hired hands.
They sold the crops and gave the
money to their owners.
B
C
D
6.
A
B
C
D
3.4.2
7.
Which of the following describes
the lives of independent farmers
after Reconstruction?
A
Farmers thrived because cotton
had made plantations very popular
Cotton farmers became very poor
because cotton prices fell while
farmers produced more of it.
The demand for cotton fell so
farmers were left with a surplus,
causing the farmers to lose their
farms.
The farmers’ crops died because
they had few workers to help them
harvest it, causing most farms in
South Carolina to close.
B
C
D
Why did the independent farmers
have a more difficult time making
a living than those who owned
plantations?
They did not have a money crop
and the plantation owners did.
They had no slaves and had to do
everything themselves.
They produced fewer crops than
the plantations did.
Plantation owners burned their
fields and farms to eliminate
competition.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
8.
What did Eli Whitney create that
helped many plantations begin to
grow?
A
B
C
A new way of growing cotton
A better method of refining sugar
A machine that removed the seeds
form cotton.
A new money crop (soybeans) that
people began growing in order to
become rich.
D
2
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
9.
Why did Southern plantations
become so dependent on
slavery?
11. Why did South Carolina become
so dependent on slavery before
the Civil War?
A
People needed cotton because
importing cotton made the prices
too high.
Harvesting the crop too slowly
would cause it to die on the vine.
The plantation owners need the
work done more quickly and better
than they could do it themselves.
The plantation owners wanted to
compete with the North, whose
factories produced products quickly.
A
B
C
D
B
C
D
10. Which best explains why the
Southern states tended to be
poorer than the Northern states
before the Civil War?
A
B
C
D
12. Who invented the cotton gin?
A
B
C
D
Northern states were helped
financially by England.
Northern states built factories, while
Southern states, like South
Carolina, made their living mostly
by farming.
Northern states had fewer people
than Southern states.
Northern states had more Native
Americans.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
The workers who applied for jobs
wanted too much money
It was easier for plantation owners
to make a profit because of the free
labor slavery provided.
Most Native Americans became
sick with diseases and slaves were
needed to treat them.
Abraham Lincoln demanded that
South Carolina form its own army
and slaves were the best soldiers.
3
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
Eli Manning
Mount Whitney
Eli Whitney
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
3.4.3
15. Why did South Carolinians want
to form their own government?
13. South Carolina made the
decision to secede from the
Union for many reasons. Which
describes the role the
abolitionist movement played in
this decision?
A
B
C
D
A
B
C
The abolitionist movement had little
impact on the decision to secede.
The abolitionist movement made
slavery more hated by the public,
so South Carolina seceded partly to
keep slavery in place.
Abolitionists expanded the
Underground Railroad, letting
escaped slaves go free, so South
Carolina seceded in protest.
The abolitionist movement had no
effect on the decision, South
Carolina just did what ever other
states did.
D
B
C
D
A
B
C
D
It was dependent on slavery and
the tax on imports was too high.
All of the other Southern states
seceded, so South Carolina
decided to secede with them.
It was angry with the election of
President Lincoln, who had lost the
vote in South Carolina.
The federal government decided to
tax it too much.
17. South Carolina thought the
question of slavery should be
what?
Slavery ensured plantations could
produce a major crop.
Other states made fun of South
Carolina.
Abraham Lincoln demanded that all
slave-holding states pay high taxes.
South Carolinians did not want to
pay high taxes on imports anymore.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
They thought they could do it better
than the federal government.
They wanted to tell others what to
do.
They did not want the federal
government telling them what to do.
They were upset that General
Wade Hampton was not elected to
the Senate.
16. Why did South Carolina secede?
14. Why did South Carolinians want
slavery to continue and decide to
defend their way of living in the
Civil War?
A
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
A
B
C
D
4
decided by the state
abolished
solved by the President
decided by Jefferson Davis
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
18. South Carolinians Emily and
Sarah Grimke were mainly
known for what?
22. At the Secession Convention,
South Carolina became what
state to secede?
A
A
B
C
D
B
C
D
delivering messages to Southern
troops
their anger toward President
Abraham Lincoln
their opposition to slavery
quilting blankets and sewing
uniforms for Confederate soldiers
23. Cannonball marks from which
event are memorialized at the
statehouse?
3.4.4
19. What happened at the Secession
Convention in 1860?
A
B
C
D
A
B
C
D
All Southern states agreed to
secede
The Union attacked the Southern
states while the leaders met
South Carolina adopted the
Ordinance of Secession
Jefferson Davis was elected as
President of the Confederate States
of America
A
B
C
D
Fort Jackson
Fort Sumter
Fort Marion
Fort Dorchester
25. What effects did the Civil War
have on the lower classes?
21. Who broke the Union blockade of
Charleston?
B
Robert Smalls
Andrew Jackson
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
Greenville
Myrtle Beach
Beaufort
Charleston
3.4.5
A
A
B
C
D
Sherman’s March
the firing on Fort Sumter
the Revolutionary War
the Union blockade
24. The North tried a blockade of an
important city, but the South
eventually broke the blockade.
Which city was blockaded?
20. The first shots of the Civil War
were fired upon what fort?
A
B
C
D
thirteenth
first
second
third
C
D
5
It affected them the same as every
other class.
Only the upper classes took part in
the war.
The lower classes had a lack of
food, clothing and things needed to
live.
The lower classes were unaffected
by the Civil War.
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
26. Racial tensions were one of the
reasons the Civil War was
fought. What was the result of
those racial tensions?
A
B
C
D
28. Why did people in the upper
class in South Carolina suffer as
a result of the Civil War?
A
The Republican Party was formed
in hopes of stopping the spread of
slavery to new states.
White Southern soldiers wounded
many of the African American
soldiers.
Racial tensions had no effect on the
fighting of the Civil War.
Abolitionists were captured and
mistreated by Southern soldiers.
B
C
D
B
C
D
A
B
The South changed its money crop
from cotton to sugar.
Southern abolitionists moved away
from the South for protection.
South Carolina decided to secede
from the Union.
The South, angered by his election,
sent representatives to burn down
the White House.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
Their plantations were destroyed by
Union attacks.
They were heavily taxed to pay for
the war.
Confederate soldiers ruined their
property when they stayed there.
They were asked to support poor
people by giving them money and
land.
29. How was the lack of food,
clothing, and living essentials
solved in South Carolina after
the Civil War?
27. The election of President
Abraham Lincoln contributed to
problems between African
Americans and whites in the
South. What was the major effect
of his election on the South?
A
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
C
D
6
The federal government provided
for everyone’s needs.
Sharecropping and other
businesses became more popular.
These items were imported by the
residents of South Carolina.
Confederate soldiers stole food and
clothes from Union soldiers.
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
32. The Freedmen’s Bureau gave
freed slaves the right to go to
another plantation if they did not
like working conditions. This
affected the economy of South
Carolina in which of the
following ways?
3.4.6
30. Why did many plantation owners
leave South Carolina in the later
part of the Civil War and during
Reconstruction?
A
B
C
D
There were not enough interested
people to work on their plantations.
They did not want to have to share
their profits with the freed slaves.
Factories became the most popular
way of making a living in South
Carolina.
Since many of their plantations had
been destroyed, they went to
Europe or Brazil, where slavery
was still legal.
A
B
C
D
31. Which of the following is an
effect of the destruction of
factories in South Carolina
during the Civil War?
A
B
C
D
It caused slaves to flee to the
Northern states or Canada because
there were fewer plantations in
South Carolina.
It made the freed slaves more
powerful and they used this power
to refuse to do what they were told.
It forced plantation owners to share
their profits with the freed slaves.
It had no great effect—the system
went on as before only the slaves
were freed.
33. Why was Reconstruction a
difficult and slow process in the
South?
Factory workers from the North
took jobs away from South Carolina
workers.
Higher taxes on imports, called
tariffs, were put on important goods
Southerners needed to buy from
other countries since they could not
produce these goods in the state.
People in South Carolina had to do
without things like jewelry and pots.
Since many were out of work,
Southern people began stealing
from each other just to survive.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
A
B
C
D
7
Many plantations and factories
were destroyed.
People refused to work and waited
for the government to take care of
their needs.
Ships could not deliver lumber fast
enough.
The former soldiers were hurt so
badly they could not contribute to
the Reconstruction.
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
34. Sherman’s March damaged
South Carolina in which of the
following ways?
A
B
C
D
37. Which of the following reasons
best explains why conditions
became better for freed slaves
during Reconstruction?
It killed so many people, it made
Reconstruction difficult.
It destroyed much of the city of
Columbia, including the statehouse.
It killed most of the animals that
were living in the Blue Ridge
region.
It polluted the water so no one
could drink fresh water.
A
B
C
D
35. What is one effect of the damage
to factories following the Civil
War?
A
B
C
D
No factories were damaged during
the Civil War.
The railroads could not repair their
damages effectively.
More goods had to be imported
from other countries.
A new money crop was needed.
A
B
36. How did the Thirteenth
Amendment change life in South
Carolina?
B
C
D
C
D
The Thirteenth Amendment closed
all plantations.
The Thirteenth Amendment gave
women the right to vote.
The Thirteenth Amendment ended
slavery.
The Thirteenth Amendment allowed
freedom of religion.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
Three civil rights acts were passed
that ended slavery, made blacks
citizens, and gave them the right to
vote.
Freed slaves were able to become
sharecroppers during
Reconstruction.
White people in the South began
treating blacks better.
Freed slaves began to earn money
to buy more land and clothes for
their families.
38. What was the main way
Reconstruction affected the
educational system in South
Carolina?
3.4.7
A
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
8
The tutors of the children of
plantation owners began to teach
the children of freed slaves.
School buildings began to be
rebuilt.
Free public education for all citizens
was created.
South Carolina’s educational
system was integrated so all
children could learn together in the
same room.
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
39. One of the most important rights
for African Americans was given
to them during Reconstruction.
What was it?
A
B
C
D
41. Although Reconstruction gave
African Americans the
opportunity to make a living it
also made things worse for them.
Which of the following BEST
explains why?
They were given the right to work
land.
They were given the right to
worship as they chose.
They were given the right to
educate themselves.
They were given the right to vote
and hold office.
A
B
C
D
40. In which of the following ways
did Reconstruction affect South
Carolina and the nation for the
better?
A
B
C
D
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
It forced them to pay for their
children’s education.
It made white people angry that
they had more rights.
It caused them to pay high interest
rates for items bought on credit,
making them poorer in the long run.
African Americans began to be
angry that they could only work on
farms and do little else.
Citizens were given the right to a
free public education
Many people moved from South
Carolina, ensuring that other states
could be settled
The Native Americans rebuilt their
reservations, helping them regain
their heritage
It helped the Southern states feel
more like a part of the country
again.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
9
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09