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the questions
Name____________________________________ Date__________________________Per__
In 1865 Congress
established this agency
to help war refugees
known as the
What was the period
immediately after the
Civil War called,
during which efforts
were made to rebuild
the south?
The _______
amendment declared
that the right to vote
“Shall not be
denied…on the
account of race,
color, or previous
condition of
The _______
amendment outlawed
slavery in the United
Reconstruction- ___________ the _________ after the Civil War, along with dealing with former
_____________ and newly ________ slaves
Dealing with a Defiant South
• 1863 President Lincoln- Proclamation of ____________ and ________________
• Lincoln wanted to _________ Southerners
• But Confederate government officials and military officers were not ____________
– No longer allowed to ______ in the United States.
Chaos in the South
• ____________ realized that the South was in chaos with thousands ________________, homeless, and
• Plus newly freed African-Americans (known then as ____________) were seeking food and __________
from the _____________.
Freedman’s Bureau
• Freedmen’s Bureau- In March 1865 _____________ established the Bureau of __________, Freedmen
and Abandoned Lands
– ________ and ________ war refugees in the South.
– Helped African-Americans find _________.
Lincoln is Assassinated
• April 14, _______ President Abraham Lincoln was ________ while attending a performance at _______
• Lincoln's _________ was _______ and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes ________
• Booth hoped to create chaos and _____________ the _________ government by assassinating Lincoln
Johnson Becomes President
• After Lincoln’s _________
• ___________ Johnson becomes president
• He will later be the first ___________ president
– His Reconstruction views were too _________ for _______________
Black Codes
• A series of laws, called “Black _________”, were implemented by ___________ states to reaffirm
______ supremacy through again, differential treatment
• As a result of these ___________ discriminatory laws, the incarceration rate for African Americans was
far _________ than white Americans
• For example, in North ___________during 1875, of the 647 people in their penal system, 569 were
African American.
• Louisiana in 1901, had 984 African Americans in their penal system compared to only 157 white
• Even as late as 1926, South Carolina’s “chain _______” had 1,017 African Americans, but only 298
white Americans.
Civil Rights Act
• In March 1866, Congress passed the ________ Rights Act of 1866.
• The act gave _____________ to all persons born in the United States, except _________ Americans.
• It guaranteed the rights of African Americans to own _________ and be treated equally in ________.
• It granted the U.S. government the right to _______ people who violated these rights.
Reconstruction Amendments
• 13th- Ended _________ (1865) .
• 14th- granted ____________ to former slaves(1868).
• 15th- African Americans could not be banned from __________ (1870).
Southern Resistance
• Southerners frustrated with __________ running their states organized secret __________ to undermine
their rule.
• The largest group was the Ku Klux ______.
• Created in 1866 by former ____________ soldiers in Tennessee. __________, white-robed Klan
members rode in bands at night ___________ African-Americans, White Republicans, and teachers in
African-American schools
• 1882 - 1968: 4,743 persons died of lynching, 3,446 of them black men and women.
• 1882 to 1901: _______ per year average.
The 13th, 14th & 15th
Amendments, known as
Amendments, were
designed to ensure the
rights and freedom of
What were two ways
through which African
Americans were denied
the right to vote?
What was the purpose
of a literacy test?
What was
established as a
result of the ruling in
Plessy v. Ferguson?
New South
• Southern leaders realized the South could never return to the pre-Civil War _____________ economy.
• Called for the creation of a “New ________” based on a strong _____________ economy.
Thousands of miles of ___________ were built along with dozens of new industries.
Tenant Farmers
• After Reconstruction ended, African Americans returned to _________ owned by whites, where they
worked for ________ or became tenant farmers, paying _______ for the land they farmed.
• Most tenant farmers ended up becoming _____________.
• They paid a share of their _______ to cover their rent and farming costs.
• Although sharecropping allowed African American farmers to _________ their own work schedule and
working conditions, it also trapped them in __________ because they could not make enough money to
pay off their ________ and buy their own ________.
Disenfranchisement after Reconstruction
• Disenfranchisement- To deny privileges, protection, and especially the right to _______
– _______ Taxes- Tax paid if you wanted to vote. Many African Americans could not _______
to pay this tax
– ________ Tests- A test was given in order to __________ to vote. These tests were designed to
make anyone fail if they wanted them to.
– _________________ Clauses- Since the imposition of those requirements also could impact the
number of poor _______ voting, Southern legislatures introduced the “grandfather clause,"
which exempted voters from the restrictions if their _______________ had voted. This clearly
eliminated ____________________.
• Literacy tests were used to keep people of color -- and sometimes poor whites --from voting.
They were administered at the discretion of the officials in charge of voter _______________. If
the official wanted a person to _______, he could ask the easiest question on the test – for
example, "Who is the president of the United States?"
• The same official might require a __________ person to answer every single question correctly, in an
____________ amount of time, in order to pass.
Civil Rights Act of __________
• “All persons…shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations…of inns, public
conveyances on land or water, theaters, and other places of public amusement.”
• The act was declared ____________________ in 1883 by an all-________ Supreme Court.
Jim Crow Laws
• The Birth of Jim Crow
– 1892 - _________ v. Ferguson
– ___________ but Equal (it was never equal)
– Aimed at separating the ________ in the South
– Forbade ____________ between blacks and whites
– Separate ____________, streetcars, waiting rooms, rr, coaches, elevators, witness stands,
____________ fountains, and public ________________
____________ comes to an ______ in the South
_________ government officials regain ________ in the South
___________ States begin to implement _____ taxes, ________
tests & grandfather clauses
___________________ of most African Americans in the South
2. __________________________________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________________________________
4. __________________________________________________________________________________