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Forensic Science Fall Final Exam Review Name __________________________________________ Period_____ Date_____ 1. How is glass made and what kind of crystal does it have? 2. How is Pyrex glass different from regular glass? 3. What is tempered glass and where is it typically used? 4. What is laminated glass and where is it typically used? 5. One of the distinguishing characteristics of different glasses is the refractive index. What is the refractive index? 6. List 2 properties of glass that allow for its classification ( lab ) 7. What is a radial glass fracture? 8. What is a concentric glass fracture? 9. By looking at the hole; How can you tell which side of the glass is the entry side and which is the exit side? 10. What is the "3 R Rule" for analyzing the fracture pattern? 11. What is a drug? 12. What are 3 non-drug factors that play a part in the drug dependence? 13. What is Physical Dependence? 14. What are Narcotics? 15. List 4 Narcotics 16. What are depressants? 17. List 4 Depressants 18. What are Stimulants? 19. List 4 Stimulants 20. What are hallucinogens? 21. List 3 hallucinogens. 22. List 4 methods of drug application / usage. 23. What are Club Drugs? 24. List 2 club drugs. 25. Why are club drugs particularly dangerous? 26. What are anabolic steroids and why are they used? 27 What are the 5 schedules of drug controls and what differentiates them? 28. Give an example of each scheduled drug category. 29. What are the typical criminal penalties for first time trafficking? 30. What are drug screening tests and where are they typically used? 31. If a screening test shows positive, what is done to reinforce and prove what drug it is? 32. What is chromatography? 33. What is spectrophotometry ? 34. What are the 3 types of spectroscopy, based upon the frequency? 35. Which type of spectroscopy give the "finger print" of the chemical structure? 36. What is mass spectrometry ? 37. What is the job of forensic toxicologists? 38. What is the most heavily abused drug in Western countries of the world? 39. Trace the alcohol pathway through the human body. 40. How is alcohol eliminated from the body (3 ways)? 41. What is the principal way to test humans for alcohol intake? 42. What non-instrumental method do police use to test for driving impairment ? 43. List the 3 physical impairment tests and what the police look for in each test. 44. What 2 things must be added to blood samples ? 45. What is the current federal legal measure of drunk driving in the USA? 46. What is an implied - consent law? 47. How long can hair be used to test for drugs? 48. How are heavy metals tested for in the human body? 49. How does carbon monoxide kill humans? 50. How is carbon monoxide used as indicator to determine if a fire death victim is really a murder victim ? 51. What is the job of the DRE ? 52. List the 12 steps of the Drug Recognition Process. 53) Define physical evidence and its significance to the area of forensic science. 54) List and explain the responsibilities of the first officer at a crime scene. 55) List and explain the necessary steps to thoroughly record a crime scene. 56) Diagram and describe the four primary search patterns that are employed to systematically search a crime scene for physical evidence. 57) Describe the proper techniques for packaging evidence at a crime scene. 58) Define and explain the concept of the chain of custody. 59) Define and explain the role(s) of the following forensic specialists: --Forensic Pathologist --Forensic Entomologist --Forensic Anthropologist 60) List and describe three categories of physical evidence that are commonly found at crime scenes. 61) Explain the difference between the identification and comparison of physical evidence. Cite one example. 62) Define and site one example of the difference between individual and class characteristics. 63) Explain the forensic values of class evidence. 64) Define and explain the role of national databases that are currently available to the forensic community. 65) Explain the role of physical evidence and its role in crime scene reconstruction. 66. How can pollen be used in forensic science?