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Political Islam (Islamism) and Modern Islamic Movements
Taught in Hilary Term 2012-2013
Professor Tariq Ramadan
 Week 1: Introduction to Political Islam and Islamism
Terminology and main trends
Esposito, John. 1997. Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform. Lynne
Rienner Publishers
Burgat, François. 2003. Face to Face with Political Islam. London: I.B. Tauris
Martin, R.C. & Barzegar, A. 2010. Islamism: Contested perspectives on political
Islam. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Mozaffari, M.(2007.What is Islamism? History and Definition of a Concept,
Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 8:1, 17-33.
Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi’, 1996, Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the
Modern Arab World, Albany: State University of New York Press
 Week 2: Historical Approaches: Jamal ad-Dîn al-Afghânî and Muhammad
The 19th Century: the Nahda and “salâfiyya” movement
Keddie, Nikki. 1968. An Islamic Response to Imperialism: Political and
Religious Writings of Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani. Berkeley, CA: University
of California Press
Keddie, Nikki. 1972. Sayyid Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani: A Political Biography.
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
Kedouri, Elie. 1966. Afghani and 'Abduh. London: Cass.
Abduh, Muhammad. 1966. The theology of Unity. Tr. Ishaq Masa'ad and
Kenneth Cragg. London: Allen & Unwin
 Week 3: The 20th Century : Muhammad Rashîd Rida, Sa’îd an-Nursî , ‘Abd alHamîd ibn Bâdis, Muhammad Iqbâl,
Facing colonisation and divisions: Islamism/pan-Islamism
Donohue, John and John Esposito, eds. 2006. Islam in Transition. New York:
Oxford University Press
Voll, J. B, 1999. Renewal and Reformation in the Mid-Twentieth Century:
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and Religion in the 1950`s, The Muslim World, 3-4.
Haddad, M. ,1997. Arab Religious Nationalism in the Colonial Era: Rereading
Rashīd Riḍā's Ideas on the Caliphate. Journal of the American Oriental Society,
117, 2.
Neufeldt R.W. 1977. Religion and Politics in the Thought of Muhammad Iqbal,
Journal of Religious Thought, 34, 1, 35-39.
Özervarli, S. M. (2010). The Reconstruction of Islamic Social Thought in the
Modern Period: Nursi’s
\teaching\MPhil political islam reading list HT 2012-2013
Approach to Religious Discourse in a Changing Society. Asian Journal of Social
Science, 38, 532–553.
Sahide, V. 2005. Islam in Modern Turkey – An Intellectual Biography of
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi.
New York: State University of New York Press.
Kuru, Z. A. & Kuru, A. T. 2008. Apolitical Interpretation of Islam: Said Nursi's
Faith-Based Activism in
Comparison with Political Islamism and Sufism, Islam and Christian–Muslim
Relations, 19:1, 99-111
Alghailani, S. A. 2011. Ibn Badis and Modernity, Historical and Social Sciences,
Iqbal, Muhammad. 1932. The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam.
New York: Oxford University Press
 Week 4: The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt : Hassan al-Banna, Hassan alHudaybî, Abu al-‘Ala’ al-Mawdudi, Sayyed Qutb
Vision and divergences
Mitchell, Richard P. 1969. The Society of the Muslim Brothers. Oxford: Oxford
University Press
Banna, Hasan al-. 1983. Selected Writings. Karachi: International Islamic
Qutb, Sayyid. 1991. Milestones. Delhi: Markazi Maktaba Islami
Shepard, W. E. (2003). Sayyid Qutb's Doctrine of "Jāhiliyya", International
Journal of Middle East Studies, 35, 4, 521-545.
Soage, A.B. (2009). Hasan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb: Continuity or Rupture?
The Muslim World, Hartford Seminary, Uk, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Mawdudi, Abu al-‘Ala’ al-. 1974. Towards Understanding Islam. Lahore: Idara
Turjuman al-Qur’an
 Week 5: Iran and Turkey
Evolution and Challenges
Nasr, Vali. 2007. The Shia Revival: How Conflicts within Islam Will Shape the
Future. New York: W. W. Norton
 Roy, Olivier. 1994. The Failure of Political Islam. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard
University Press
 Shariati, Ali. 1979. Red Shiism. Tehran: The shariati Foundation and Hamdami
 Mutahhari, Ayatullah Murtada. 1974. Goal of Life. Foreign Department of
Be'that Foundation Someyeh Avenue, Islamic Republic of Iran (
 Bugal, Cihan. 2002. Islamism in Turkey: Beyond Instrument and Meaning.
 Hale, William and Ozbudun, Ergun, 2011, Islamism, Democracy and Liberalism
in Turkey: The Case of the AKP, UK: Routledge
 Ansari, Ali M., 2010. Crisis of Authority: Iran's 2009 Presidential Election, UK:
Chatham House.
 Week 6: Contemporary movements : Before and After the Uprisings in MENA
Diversity of movements, trends and strategies: Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco
Tamimi, Azzam. 2001. Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat Within Islamism. New
York: Oxford University Press
Willis, Michael J., 2012. Politics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria, Tunisia
and Morocco from Independence to the Arab Spring, UK : C Hurst & Co
Publishers Ltd
Ramadan, Tariq. 2012. The Arab Awakening: Islam and The New Middle East,
UK : Penguin
Phillips, A. 2011. War, Religion and Empire – The Transformation of
International Orders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Filiu Jean-Pierre, 2011. The Arab Revolution: Ten Lessons from the Democratic
Uprising, UK: C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd
Dabashi, Hamid, 2012. The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism, UK: Zed
Books Ltd
Manhire, Toby, 2012. The Arab Spring: Rebellion, Revolution, and a New World,
UK : Guardian Books.
 Week 7: Postislamism?
Roy, Olivier. 1994. The Failure of Political Islam. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.
Bayat, Asef. 1996. The Coming of a Post-Islamist Society. Critique: Critical
Middle Eastern Studies, no. 9: 43-52.
Roy, Olivier. 2004. Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah. New York:
Columbia UP
Kepel, Gilles. Islamism Reconsidered. Harvard International Review. 2000.
Hussain, Ghaffar. Post-Islamists in the Arab world., Saturday 12
November 2011.
Ramadan, Tariq. 2008. Radical Reform – Islamic Ethics and Liberation. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
 Week 8: Synthesis, comments and discussion
 Current situation in the Middle East
 What about the Islamist movements?
 Synthesis and conclusions
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