Download Exam Review - Emily Carr

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
SBI4U
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
Exam Review Drill True or False: Correct each false statement.
Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship in which one benefits and the other neither benefits nor is harmed. (F)
An example of a density-independent factor is sunlight. (T)
An estimate of the amount of land and water needed to supply the resources and take care of waste is the ecological niche. (F)
Endosymbiosis is the relationship in which a single-celled organism lives within the cell of another organism. (T)
Logistic growth occurs when populations reproduce continuously at a constant rate. (F)
Carrying capacity is considered in the logistic growth curve. (T)
Interspecific competition occurs between different populations of the same species. (F)
A quadrat is a sampling area used to estimate population size. (T)
Defense mechanism can be both passive and aggressive. (T)
Divergent evolution occurs due to similar selection pressures. (F)
Speciation may result from disruptive selection since two different variations may be selected for. (T)
A gene pool is the total of all the genes in a population. (T)
Genetic drift only occurs in large populations. (F)
An example of a prezygotic mechanism is one that would prevent fertilization, like ecological isolation. (T)
Punctuated equilibrium involves large evolutionary changes in species by the accumulation of many small, ongoing changes. (F)
A ketone group can be found in a carbohydrate. (T)
An ester linkage is composed of a carboxyl group and an amino group. (F)
An example of a condensation reaction (dehydration synthesis) is the digestion of meat.(F)
A lipid (fat) is a polymer. (F)
The shape of an enzyme is determined by its location in the cell. (F)
The shape of an enzyme affects its activity. (T)
Proteins can still function of they are denatured. (F)
A competitive inhibitor competes with the substrate for an enzyme’s active site. (T)
Feedback inhibition controls a metabolic pathway as the product formed inhibits an enzyme at the beginning of the pathway. (T)
The enzyme ATP synthase makes ATP by using the energy from an electrochemical gradient. (T)
The active site is an area on a substrate where the enzyme binds. (F)
An exergonic reaction increases the entropy in the system. (T)
NAD+ is a coenzyme that carries electrons (from H) to the electron transport chain on the inner membrane of the mitochondrion.
(T)
NADH dehydrogenase is an enzyme that adds H’s to NAD. (F)
ATP contains more free energy than ADP. (T)
Oxidative phosphorylation forms ATP indirectly through a series of redox reactions involving O 2 as the final e- acceptor. (T)
The function of oxygen is to combine with carbon to form carbon dioxide. (F)
C3 plants are named because a 3-carbon intermediate is formed in photosynthesis. (T)
The Calvin cycle occurs in the grana of the chloroplast to fix CO 2 into carbohydrates and recycles coenzymes. (F)
The light reactions of photosynthesis produce ATP by chemiosmosis. (T)
Rubisco catalyzes the first reaction of the Calvin cycle as well as the oxidation of RuBP to CO 2 (T)
The light-saturation point occurs at a point when an increase in light intensity no longer increases the rate of photosynthesis. (T)
Stomata close when guard cells flop closed due to a decrease in turgor pressure. (T)
A phosphate group sticks out of the 5’ end of a DNA molecule. (T)
Adenine and guanine are purines with one carbon ring.(F)
Adenine always pairs with thymine in DNA.(T)
A codon consists of one DNA base or the complementary mRNA base and codes for three amino acids.(F)
An anticodon is located on the tRNA.(T)
Gyrase unwinds (unzips) the DNA by disrupting hydrogen bonds. (F)
DNA polymerase I removes RNA primers and replaces them with DNA in DNA replication. (T)
DNA polymerase III synthesizes RNA from DNA. (F)
The leading strand contains Okazaki fragments. (F)
The collecting duct carries urine from the nephrons to the pelvis of a kidney.(T)
The proximal tubule passes urine from the loop of Henle to the collecting duct. (F)
ADH causes the kidneys to excrete more water. (F)
Nerve impulses are transmitted by the movement of ions. (T)
An axon is an extension of cytoplasm that carries nerve impulses away from the cell body.(T)
An action potential is the voltage difference across a nerve cell membrane when the nerve is stimulated.(T)
The corpus callosum controls limb movements, balance and muscle tone. (F)
The pons is a region of the brain that acts as a relay station by sending nerve messages between the cerebellum and the medulla.
(T)
Sensory neurons carry impulses from the brain to the effector. (F)
Negative feedback is a process by which a mechanism is activated to restore conditions to their original state. (T)
A reflex arc is a neural circuit through the spinal cord that enables a response without brain involvement; saves time. (T)