Answer all questions on a separate sheet of paper Ancient Civ China Test Mr. Sanoff 1) The Yellow River earned its nickname "China's Sorrow" because A) it was a turbulent river. B) its frequent floods were very destructive to agricultural society. C) it carried a heavy load of loess. D) it was a common place for people to commit suicide. E) none of the above. 2) The Shang rulers monopolized bronze technology for the purpose of A) making superior weapons against potential competitors. B) distributing bronze tools among the farmers. C) preventing proliferation of weapons. D) making works of art. E) all of the above 3) According to Zhou political theory, the Zhou king overthrew the Shang dynasty because A) the Shang lost the mandate of heaven. B) the subjects of Shang shifted their loyalty to Zhou. C) the last Shang king was a criminal fool. D) the Zhou was a much larger state than the Shang. E) none of the above. 4) The Chinese king was called the "son of heaven" and served as A) a ruler who could not be challenged. B) a link between heaven and earth. C) a divine king. D) the living son of the first emperor. E) none of the above. 5) To rule an extensive territory without advanced transportation and communication technology, Zhou rulers relied on decentralized administration, which meant that A) they entrusted power to locally elected authorities. B) they entrusted their relatives to rule the regions of their kingdom. C) they divided powers into three parts: legislative, judicial, and administrative. D) the local authorities did not have to collect taxes or tribute. E) none of the above. 6) During the early dynasties, Chinese diviners used oracle bones A) as objects of art. Answer all questions on a separate sheet of paper B) C) D) E) as drugs to cure people's diseases. to record manuals of etiquette. to predict the future and answer questions. none of the above. 7) The nomadic peoples to the north and west of China did not imitate Chinese ways because A) they did not speak Chinese. B) the grassy steppe lands were not suitable for agriculture or permanent settlement. C) the Chinese were their enemies. D) they had little exposure to the Chinese society. E) none of the above. 8) During the Zhou dynasty China expanded into the Yangzi River valley primarily through A) military conquest and colonization. B) migration and assimilation. C) interracial marriage. D) sending missionaries to convert them. E) all of the above. 9) Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as A) an educator and political advisor. B) a man involved in the practice of statecraft as an ambitious official. C) a great traveler and writer of deep philosophical treatises. D) a powerful and wise emperor. E) none of the above. 10 ) By junzi, or "superior individuals," Confucius meant A) wealthy men of the ruling elite. B) strong and brave warriors. C) individuals who withdraw from society and live in harmony with nature. D) well-educated and conscientious individuals to fill state offices. E) writers of important philosophical tracts. 11) Confucius never composed formal writings, but his disciples collected his remarks into a work called: A) The Daodejing B) The Book of Songs C) The Book of History D) The Analects E) The Book of Rites Answer all questions on a separate sheet of paper 12) Mencius, the principal spokesman for the Confucian school, advocated that A) the evil nature of human beings could be improved by moral education. B) government should be organized through benevolence and humane action. C) government should be run by laws. D) people should strive to live in harmony with nature. E) all of the above. 13) The concept dao means A) natural laws such as those defined by modern physics. B) the original force of the cosmos, an eternal and unchanging principle that governs all the workings of the world. C) passive and yielding forces that exist only in water and empty spaces. D) living according to ren, li, and xiao. E) all of the above. 14) An individual who practiced the Daoist virtue of wuwei would A) motivate himself or herself to change the world. B) follow high ethical standards and strive for success. C) try to govern the state according to benevolent paternalism. D) go with the flow of the cosmos and live in harmony with nature. E) all of the above. 15) Individuals in traditional China could live as Confucians by day and Daoists by night. This refers to the notion that A) the difference between Confucianism and Daoism was as clear-cut as day and night. B) Confucianism and Daoism were not mutually exclusive but, in many people's eyes, complemented each other. C) the Chinese, like other peoples, were active in daytime and became passive at night. D) Daoism was associated with darkness and evil and Confucianism with light and good. E) People often pretended to be Confucians to others but were secretly practicing Daoism. 16) To make a strong and powerful state, Legalist ministers A) encouraged commerce, entrepreneurial activity, and education. B) won the people's support by providing them with legal rights. C) sought to rule according to principles of benevolence. D) encouraged agricultural cultivation and military service. E) all of the above. Answer all questions on a separate sheet of paper 17) The First Emperor Qin Shihuangdi A) ordered the burning of most books. B) ordered workers to link defensive walls into one barrier. C) sentenced scholars to be buried alive. D) standardized the written script. E) all of the above. 18) The great Qin empire only lasted a few years. It was ended by A) a military coup. B) waves of revolts. C) deadly epidemics. D) violence of court factions. E) invasions by nomadic people. 19) All of the following geographic factors explain the isolation of China except? A) Himalayan Mountains B) Gobi Desert C) Yellow River 20) Agriculture developed as a result of the following geographic features of China? Short Response How was Qin able to unify China? How did these policies lead to the ultimate demise of the dynasty? Be sure to mention at least three specific policies and how they unified China.