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Protists, Fungi, and Plants
single/multiple
cells
Protists
Fungi
Plants
cell membrane
and cell wall
Acquire nutrients?
autotroph/heterotroph
reproduction
Most are single;
some live in
colonies; some
made of many cells;
cell membrane
Some are autotrophs (have chlorophasts)
Some are heterotrophs
Most
reproduce
asexually
Multi-cellular
cell membrane
and rigid cell
wall
No chloroplasts (*see lichens)
Heterotophs; many are decomposers
(break down dead organic matter)
Multi-cellular
cell membrane
and rigid cell
wall
Autotrophs (although some plants
“supplement” nutrient intake from their
environment)
major
categories
Algal
examples
Protozoa
Fungus-like
Red, green, & brown algae,
diatoms, dinoflagellates
Amoebas
Slime-molds
asexual,
sexual, or both
Thread-like
Sac
Club
Imperfect
Black bread mold
Yeast
Mushrooms, puffballs
Penicillium
Mainly sexual
w/ 2 stage life
cycle
Nonvascular
Seedless (vasc.)
Seed (no flower)
Seed (flower)
Mosses, liverworts
Ferns, club mosses
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
Vocabulary
Prokaryotic: single cell organisms that do not have a nucleus; fossil evidence dating back 3.6 billion years
Eukaryotic: single or multi-cellular organisms that have a nucleus and cell membrane around organelles
Autotroph (producer): organism that can make its own food
Heterotroph (consumer/decomposer/parasite): organisms that cannot produce their own food & get their food from their environment
Asexual Reproduction: offspring come from one parent; are identical to that parent
Lichen: combination of a fungus and an algae that grow together
Gymnosperm: woody, vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by an ovary or fruit
Angiosperm: flowering vascular seed plant that produces seeds within a fruit
Protists, Fungi, and Plants
single/multiple
cells
cell membrane
and cell wall
Protists
Fungi
Plants
Vocabulary
Prokaryotic:
Eukaryotic:
Autotroph (producer):
Heterotroph (consumer/decomposer/parasite):
Asexual Reproduction:
Lichen:
Gymnosperm:
Angiosperm:
Acquire nutrients?
autotroph/heterotroph
reproduction
major
categories
examples
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