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Process Grid Teacher Copy
BIOMES
Estuary
Meadow
Forest
Pond
Lake
Defining
Characteristics
Producers
Consumers
Decomposers
Human Impact
Puget Sound is 2nd
largest estuary in
world.
Where freshwater
flows into ocean, a
mixture.
Protected from ocean
waves by land.
Rich nursery for
salmon, birds and
other animals.
Beginning of food
web. Photosynthesis.
Phytoplankton
Diatroms
Eel Grass
Bull Kelp
Ducks, geese and
shorebirds
Seals, waterfowl, and
many species of fish
Young salmon
Nature’s “trash
collectors”
Flies, snails, crabs and
many worms
Feed on detritus.
Over use of
resources:
unsafe drinking
water, beach and
shellfish bed closings,
harmful algal blooms,
unproductive
fisheries, loss of
habitat, fish kills, and
wildlife, and a host of
other human health
and natural resource
problems.
Global warming
Low-Level grassland
Natural or artificial
Otter and Bear
Meadow
Otter: artificial to
grow hay for pasture
Bear: clear-cut result
from logging
Many planted or
transferred from
humans
Thick and dense
grass.
Orchard timothy and
velvet grasses.
Salmon berries,
Himalayan blackberry
and other berryshrubs.
Flowers like clover
and dandelions.
Legumes, peas and
bracken fern
Stinging nettle
Coniferous: Cone
bearing/Evergreen
Deciduous: falling off
Conifer: Western red
cedar, douglas fir
noble fir
Snowbeerry,
elderberry and sword
fern
Nursery logs
Voles and other
rodents, mice
Coyotes
Deer
Many bird species
Birds of prey
Bats
Woodpeckers
Salamanders
Fungi: mushrooms
Bacteria
Trash collectors
Resulted from a clear
cut in early 1990s.
Invasion of Himalayan
blackberry,
salmonberry and
bracken fern.
Insects and
amphibians
Snags: upright dead
trees
Cavity nesting birds:
owls and
woodpeckers
Deer
Bears
Eagles and hawks
Bacteria
1/3 of Earth
Trees are dominate
plant
Three layers: forest,
understory, canopy
Floor: soil, dead
plants, animals and
small plants.
Understory: small
trees/bushes
Canopy: trees
BIOMES
Intertidal
Meadow
Forest
Pond
Lake
Defining
Characteristics
Producers
Consumers
Decomposers
Human Impact
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