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Transcript
8th Grade –Social Studies – 3rd Benchmark
1
During the American Revolution, most Native American tribes supported
whichever side promised to do which of the following?
establish a Democratic Constitution
A
B
C
D
2
C
D
D
C
D
C
D
Charleston
Camden
Sullivan's Island
Fort Sullivan
Eutaw Springs
Camden
What was unique about the signing of South Carolina's first Constitution?
it remained the state Constitution for over a century
A
B
8th Grade
They believe in the tactics, but not the cause, of the Royal Army
They believe in the cause, but do not use the tactics, of the Royal
Army
Which South Carolina battle was considered a turning point during the
American Revolution because it began a British retreat from the Upcountry?
King's Mountain
A
B
6
the Continental Army
Great Britain
The first location in South Carolina that the British tried to capture during the
American Revolution was which of the following?
Cowpens
A
B
5
Native Americans
Which of the following best describes the viewpoint of partisan soldiers, like
Thomas Sumter and Francis Marion?
They believe in the cause, but do not use the tactics, of the
A
Continental Army
They believe in the tactics, but not the cause, of the Continental Army
B
C
4
end the practice of slavery
settle the Western Frontier
During the American Revolution, South Carolina Loyalists were "loyal" to
which of the following?
the Patriots
A
B
3
protect Native claims to land
it took place before the issuing the Declaration of Independence
Benchmark 3
Page 1 of 16
C
D
7
After the capture of Charleston in May 1780, which of the following was a
major defeat that proved to be the low point for the Continental Army during
the Southern Campaign?
the Battle of Camden
A
B
C
D
8
C
D
C
D
C
D
8 Grade
a Tory
a Federalist
a Loyalist
they wanted the federal government to be eliminated
they wanted the federal government to be strong
they wanted the federal government to forgive all debts
Residents from which area in South Carolina provided the most resistance
to the new state government that was formed after the American
Revolution?
midlands
A
B
th
the Battle of Cowpens
the Battle of Eutaw Springs
Under the Articles of Confederation, which of the following was true about
elite South Carolina leaders such as Charles Pinckney?
they wanted the federal government to abolish slavery
A
B
10
the Battle of King's Mountain
In the late 1700s, which of the following South Carolinians was most likely to
support the powerful central government established by the newly written
Constitution of the United States?
a Democratic-Republican
A
B
9
it was unanimously approved in its first draft
it took place after the Second Continental Congress
coastal region
lowcountry
backcountry
Benchmark 3
Page 2 of 16
11
The men pictured above signed the United States Constitution on September
17, 1787. However, South Carolina did not become an official state until
which of the following took place?
the British issued a formal surrender in the American Revolution
A
B
C
D
12
South Carolina held its first gubernatorial election
representatives of South Carolina ratified the Constitution
Like many other powerful men in the colonial era, the signers of the
Declaration of Independence pictured above lived in which part of South
Carolina?
the Lowcountry
A
B
C
D
8th Grade
George Washington was elected as the nation's first President
the city of Columbia
the Backcountry
the Grand Strand
Benchmark 3
Page 3 of 16
13
Which of the following was the main source of tension between Lowcountry
and Upcountry in the late 18th century?
different views about slave labor
A
B
C
D
14
D
C
D
C
D
they wanted the Northern states to count slaves
they wanted each slave to be counted as a "full" person
one group opposed the government's authority to tax, one supported
it
one opposed a government that permitted immigration, one
supported it
one group opposed a government run by common people, one
supported it
Following both the Stono Rebellion of 1739 and the Denmark Vesey Plot
in 1822, how did the plantation owners reacted?
they passed more laws and restrictions to control slaves
A
B
C
D
8th Grade
they wanted the term "slave" to be abolished
As South Carolinians debated whether or not to ratify the Federal
Constitution, the people of the state were divided mainly over which issue
concerning government?
one group opposed a strong central government, one supported it
A
B
17
it was connected with every other major city via railroad
it was centrally located between the Backcountry and the
Lowcountry
Why did South Carolina not support the 3/5 Compromise when it came to
determining the population of the states?
they wanted slaves to be removed from the count
A
B
16
economic differences
religious differences
Which of the following was the most appealing geographical feature of the
city of Columbia when it was chosen as the state's new capital city in the
late 1700s?
it was on much more suitable land than the swampy areas near
A
Charleston
it had a higher elevation than any other large city in the state
B
C
15
different views about industry versus agriculture
they temporarily suspended the practice of owning slaves
they made it a requirement to send slave children to school
they replaced many African slaves with Native American slaves
Benchmark 3
Page 4 of 16
18
During the early 1800s, which of the following best explains why the
plantation system that prospered in South Carolina also forced the state to
rely on the institution of slavery?
because it relied on techniques that originated in Africa
A
B
C
D
19
C
D
C
D
mining
agriculture
the cotton gin
a threshing machine
the steam engine
As the above graph shows, cotton production in South Carolina increased
greatly during the early 1800s. This trend was largely responsible for
an increase in which of the following during that time period?
A
B
C
D
8th Grade
manufacturing
The graph above shows that at the turn of the 19th century there was a
drastic increase in the amount of cotton harvested in South Carolina. This is
largely due to the invention of which of the following?
cottonseed oil
A
B
21
because it against the law to pay white men to work in agriculture
because it was far more dangerous than work in an industrial factory
During the 18th and early 19th centuries, the economy in South Carolina
centered around which of the following?
industry
A
B
20
because it required a tremendous amount of manual human labor
the number of United States senators from South Carolina
the number of factory workers in South Carolina
the number of plantations growing indigo in South Carolina
the number of African slaves in South Carolina
Benchmark 3
Page 5 of 16
22
Definition: loyalty to a specific region or one area of the country,
instead of the country as a whole
Which of the following terms is being defined above?
sectionalism
A
B
C
D
23
C
D
C
D
D
8th Grade
supported the abolitionist movement
benefitted agriculture
taxation without representation
the transition from agriculture to industry
Native American citizenship
After hearing President Andrew Jackson say, "Our Union, it must be
preserved...", John C. Calhoun famously replied, “Our Union, next to our
liberty, most dear..." What point was he making that was the general belief
in South Carolina during the early 1830s?
that holding the country together was the only way to defend
A
freedom
that defending freedom would naturally hold the country together
B
C
26
blocked westward expansion
All of the political and legal acts shown above revolved around which major
issue of the early 1800s?
the spread of slavery
A
B
25
imperialism
globalism
In the early 1800s, South Carolina differed from the northern states on
many issues because its citizens were most likely to support the position
that did which of the followings?
promoted industry
A
B
24
nationalism
that holding the country together was more important than defending
freedom
that defending freedom was more important than holding the country
together
As the nation expanded in the early 1800s, Southerners viewed which of the
following as a threat to the institution of slavery?
Immigrants
A
Benchmark 3
Page 6 of 16
B
C
D
27
Field Hands
Southern Democrats
Abolitionists
Shown above is a list of political and legal acts of the mid-1800s. The
arguments and controversy that resulted from these events prompted South
Carolina to do which of the following in 1860?
abolish slavery
A
B
C
D
nullify a federal tariff
move the capital from Charleston to Columbia
secede from the Union
28
Most of the delegates to South Carolina's Secession Convention were
strong believers in states' rights, which meant that they held which opinion?
the rights of individual states should never conflict with the goals of
A
the federal government
the rights of individual states should be determined by the federal
B
government
the rights of individual states should take precedent over the federal
C
government
the rights of individual states should be determined by all of the other
D
states
29
In the 1850s, a South Carolinian arguing that the state should secede from
the Union would most likely hold which opinion?
"the federal government should not interfere with states' rights"
A
B
C
D
8th Grade
"an issue as important as slavery should be decided by the federal
government"
"slavery needs to end, and it will happen only if it is abolished by the
federal government"
"the federal government needs to expand to be effective"
Benchmark 3
Page 7 of 16
30
Shown above is an example of an argument over secession that may have
taken place in South Carolina in 1860. Which of the following correctly
labels the South Carolinians who are speaking to each other?
A
B
C
D
31
B
C
D
C
D
C
D
8 Grade
scalawags
fire-eaters
carpetbaggers
abolitionists
recruit African slaves to join the war
cut off Confederate supply lines
prevent the Confederate Army from heading North
Why did General Sherman burn the city of Columbia?
to convince SC to surrender - they were the first state to secede
A
B
th
#1=Cooperationist ; #2=Secessionist ; #3=Unionist
#1=Unionist ; #2=Secessionist ; #3=Cooperationist
During the Civil War, the primary goal of the Union Blockade on Charleston
was to do which of the following?
transport Union soldiers to the South
A
B
33
#1=Unionist ; #2=Cooperationist ; #3=Secessionist
In the debate shown above, South Carolinian #2 says that there is "no
other choice" except "to break away from the Union." In the year 1860,
South Carolinians who held this radical position were known by which
nickname?
A
32
#1=Cooperationist ; #2=Unionist; #3=Secessionist
to convince SC that they had won - they were the first state to
secede
to convince SC he was the winner - they were the first state to
secede
to begin his march through the South - they were the first state to
Benchmark 3
Page 8 of 16
secede
34
Review the map of South Carolina shown above. During the Civil War, most
of the significant events within the state that shaped the outcome of the war
(including the Battle of Fort Sumter and the Union Blockade) took place
around which part of the state?
Area B
A
B
C
D
35
C
D
C
D
8th Grade
Letter B (including the city of Columbia)
Letter C (including the city of Myrtle Beach)
Letter D (including the city of Charleston)
During the Civil War, President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation did
not actually free very many slaves, since most slaves lived in the
Confederate States (which were not controlled by Lincoln at the time). How
did the Proclamation change the character of the war and the Union military?
it enabled the North and South to begin peaceful negotiations
A
B
37
Area D
Area A
Following his infamous "March to the Sea", Union General Sherman took
his troops through South Carolina and left a trail of destruction in the
area labeled by which letter on the map above?
Letter A (including the city of Greenville)
A
B
36
Area C
it greatly improved racial relations in the Confederate states
it freed slaves with every step of the Union Army in the confederate
states
it forced the South to pay former slaves reasonable wages
What was the role of women in SC during the Civil War?
Benchmark 3
Page 9 of 16
A
B
C
D
38
C
D
C
D
D
8th Grade
the impact of the Civil War on civilians
the size of the Union Army compared to the Confederate Army
the economic struggles of plantation owners after the Civil War
helped many former slaves
helped people relocating to the South
helped teachers find jobs
How was sharecropping different from slavery?
a sharecropper worked the land in return for a place to stay and part
A
of the crop
a sharecropper was homeless
B
C
41
they stayed behind to run the plantations
they went to work in the factories
What was a main purpose for the Freedmen's Bureau?
helped confederate soldiers rebuild
A
B
40
they opened schools and churches
The diary entry shown above can best be used to demonstrate which of the
following?
the hardships faced by African slaves during the Civil War
A
B
39
they banded together and built new villages
a sharecropper could not go to school
a sharecropper was punished more frequently
Which amendment guaranteed no more slavery ever?
Benchmark 3
Page 10 of 16
A
B
C
D
42
C
D
C
D
C
D
C
D
carpetbaggers
scalawags
rebels
white men could vote and elected African American men into office
African American men could vote and elected women into office
African American men could vote and elected whites into office
they could go to school
they could get a real job
they could own a business
With the new rights African Americans had, they also faced new hatred from
groups such as which of the following?
Red Scare
A
B
8th Grade
plantation owners and government
plantation owners and factory workers
What new opportunity awaited African Americans for the first time?
they could go to church
A
B
46
plantation owners and middle class
Under the Constitution of 1868, what surprising event happened that angered
many white citizens in SC?
African American men could vote and elected themselves into office
A
B
45
15th
16th
Southern farmers and others who tried to help the African Americans were
called which of the following?
yankees
A
B
44
14th
What groups of people had a hard time with the African American's new
found freedom?
slave owners and lower class
A
B
43
13th
Black Panthers
Benchmark 3
Page 11 of 16
C
D
47
What was the goal of Jim Crow Laws?
A
B
C
D
48
C
D
C
D
8th Grade
to maintain white supremacy
to racially target and commit hate crimes
to ridicule African Americans
redeeming South Carolina from racial tensions
redeeming South Carolina from the rule of the Republican Party
redeeming South Carolina from its agricultural economy
Pictured above is Wade Hampton, who was most likely to be supported by
which group during the 1876 election for South Carolina's governor?
African-Americans
A
B
50
to segregate African Americans and whites with laws
At the end of the Reconstruction Era, supporters of Wade Hampton
(pictured above) were known as "Redeemers" because they felt they were
doing which of the following?
redeeming South Carolina from the institution of slavery
A
B
49
Klu Klux Klan
Yellow Fever
Southern-Democrats
Republicans
Carpetbaggers
During the industrial boom, what industry became huge in South Carolina?
shipping
A
Benchmark 3
Page 12 of 16
B
C
D
51
C
D
8th Grade
textile mills
cotton growing
The graph above shows how people began moving from rural areas to
urban areas beginning at the start of the 19th century. As this transition
took place in South Carolina, the population in which area increased the
fast?
unsettled mountain regions
A
B
52
agriculture
textile mill towns
large plantations
small farming communities
Review the map shown above. In the late 1800s, the textile industry
Benchmark 3
Page 13 of 16
began to thrive in which part of South Carolina as a result of its high cotton
production and fast-flowing rivers?
A
B
C
D
53
Area B
Area C
Area D
Which group of people continued to struggle in SC after Reconstruction and
even formed their own political party to try to alleviate the stress?
women
A
B
C
D
8th Grade
Area A
farmers
government officials
sharecroppers
Benchmark 3
Page 14 of 16
Answer Key
8-2.4
1.
b
8-2.4
2.
d
8-2.4
3.
a
8-3.1
14.
d
8-3.2
15.
d
8-3.2
16.
a
17.
a
8-2.5
4.
b
8-4.1
8-4.2
8-2.5
5.
a
8-4.1
18.
b
8-2.6
6.
b
8-4.1
19.
d
8-2.5
7.
a
8-4.1
20.
b
8-2.6
8-3.2
8.
c
8-4.1
21.
d
8-4.2
22.
a
8-2.6
9.
c
8-4.2
23.
d
8-2.6
10.
d
8-4.2
8-4.3
24.
a
8-4.3
25.
d
8-4.3
26.
d
8-4.3
27.
d
8-2.6
8-3.2
8-2.3
8-3.1
th
8 Grade
11.
12.
13.
d
a
c
Benchmark 3
Page 15 of 16
8-4.4
28.
29.
a
8-4.4
30.
d
8-4.5
33.
a
8-4.5
8-4.6
8-4.6
8-4.6
8-5.1
8-5.1
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
32.
c
8-5.3
44.
a
8-5.3
45.
b
8-5.3
46.
c
8-5.4
47.
a
8-5.4
48.
c
8-5.4
49.
b
8-5.5
50.
c
8-5.5
8-5.7
51.
b
8-5.5
52.
a
8-5.6
53.
b
c
c
b
b
a
a
8-5.2
42.
b
8th Grade
8-4.5
b
41.
43.
b
c
8-5.1
8-5.2
31.
c
8-4.4
8-4.5
8-4.4
c
Benchmark 3
Page 16 of 16