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Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
China
Homework
Assignments
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Name_______________
1
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 1-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 136-143
Define the following terms:
Loess
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
dike
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Extended family
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
The Yellow River - Use the picture on page 138 to answer the following
questions.
1. What river is shown in the photograph? _____________________
_____________________________________________________
2. How is the land near the river used?
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
2
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 2-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 136-138
Complete the following questions.
1.What did dragons represent for China?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. What is the Climate of China like?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. What river overflowed bringing fresh, fertile soil for the Chinese
people?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. Why was the Huang River called, China’s Sorrow?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. How did the Chinese people control floods?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 3-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 139-141
Complete the following questions.
1. What was an accomplishment of the Shang Dynasty?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. Under the Zhou Dynasty, the warring states began. What were the
Warring States?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. What was the Mandate of Heaven?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. What was an extended family?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. What was the role of women in ancient China?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 4-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 144-153
Define the following terms:
Confucius
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
philosophy
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Civil service
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Looking at the picture on the top of pages 146-147 at the top of the page
in the textbook, Five Human Relationships, can you name three
important relationships according to Confucius?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 5-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 144-148
Complete the following questions:
1.Who was the most famous and most important Chines thinker?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. What did Confucius teach his students?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. What was Confucianism?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. What was the goal of Confucius?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. What was Confucius’ beliefs on respecting others?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
6. What was the Merit System?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
6
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 6-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 149-153
Define the following terms:
Shi Huangdi
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
currency
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Liu Bang
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Wudi
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
warlord
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Looking at the picture on page 150 in the textbook, The Great Wall of
China, what does the size of the wall tell you about China?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
7
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 7-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 149-151
Complete the following questions:
1.Who was China’s first emperor, or king?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. How did Shi Huangdi strengthen the first empire?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. How did Shi Huangdi organize the government?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. How did a common currency make it easier for China?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. Shi Huangdi believed in legalism. What was legalism?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
8
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 8-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 151-153
Complete the following questions:
1.Study the Diagram Skills on Page 151. What caused the downfall of
Chinese Dynasties? (See; why the dynasty grows weak.)
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. Who led the overthrow of the Qin dynasty?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. How did Liu Bang create a stable government that lasted 400 years?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. Who was Wudi and what did he do under his rule?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. What caused an end to the Han Empire?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
9
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 9-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 155-161
Define the following terms:
Silk Road
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
silk
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Sima Qian
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Looking at the Map Master on page 157 in the textbook, The Silk Road,
why did the Silk Road split into two routes in Central Asia?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
10
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 10-China
Instructions: Read the World History Textbook; pages 156-160
1. What kind of new foods were introduced to the Chinese through the
Silk Road?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. What was the Silk Road?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. What are silkworms?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
4. What problem did the Han rulers find with people during troubled
times?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
5. What problems did Sima Qian solve?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
6. What were three achievements from the ancient Chinese?
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
11
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 11-China
Instructions: Read the article, China and answer the following questions
1-8.
China
By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
China is a country in eastern Asia. It is the world's most
populous country. The territory of China is slightly larger than the
territory of the United States, and more than 1.2 billion people
live there. The population of China is about 22% of total world's
population, and it means that approximately every fifth person in the world is
Chinese!
1
The Chinese government has developed a special program of family planning
to control the growth of the population. Only one child is allowed in a family, and
exceptions are very rare.
2
The climate in China is different in different areas of the country. Southern
provinces are very hot and humid throughout the year, but winters in northern
China are very dry and cold, and summers are hot, and have plenty of rain.
3
China has many natural water basins. There are many lakes, thousands of
rivers, and several seas. In fact, the South China Sea is the largest sea in the world.
4
The largest river in China is the Yangtze river, and it is the third largest river in
the world, next only to the Nile in Africa and Amazon in South America. The
Yangtze is known as the "golden waterway," because it links western and eastern
areas of the country.
5
The Hwang He, or Yellow River, is the second largest river in China, and it is
truly yellow! The river carries a lot of yellow-colored soil, and that gave the river
its name.
6
China also has a famous man-made river-the Grand Canal, running from
Beijing-the capital of China-to the south of China. The Great Canal was built as
early as the fifth century AD. It links five major rivers of the country and is the
longest as well as the oldest man-made waterway in the world.
7
8
China has a greatest diversity of wildlife, including some very rare animals
12
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
such as the giant panda, South China tiger, red-crowned crane, white-flag dolphin,
and many others.
The giant panda is a large bamboo-eating mammal, with bold black-and-white
markings, including black patches over the eyes. Because it is extremely rare-just
over 1,000 are left at present - it has become not only the symbol of China but,
also, the symbol of all of the world's protected wild animals.
9
The white-flag dolphin is one of only two species of freshwater whales in the
world. In 1980, a male white-flag dolphin was caught for the first time in the
Yangtze River, which aroused great interest among dolphin researchers worldwide.
10
China, which covers one-fifteenth of Earth's surface, has unique nature and
wildlife. Growing population and overuse of natural resources cause lots of
environmental problems. Saving its fauna and flora has become one of China's
most important policies.
11
1. China is situated in:
Central Asia
Eastern Asia
Western Asia
Southeastern Europe
3. What is the name of the world's
2. China is the third largest country in
population.
True
False
4. It is the state policy in China for
largest sea?
The Black Sea
The Sea of Japan
The South China Sea
Yellow Sea
families to have only one child.
True
False
5. The water of the Yellow River
6. How many giant pandas are left in
actually is not yellow.
True
False
7. The Yangtze is:
The world's largest sea
The world's largest river
The world's largest lake
None of the above
the world?
About 100
None
More then 10,000
Just over 1,000
8. The capital of China is:
Seoul
Hong Kong
Beijing
Tokyo
13
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 12-China
Instructions: Read the article, Giant Pandas and answer the following questions 1-6
Giant Pandas
An endangered species, the giant panda can only be
found in the mountain bamboo forests of western
China. There are only about 1,600 wild giant pandas
left in the world. Giant pandas are members of the bear
family. They are mammals. They have a creamy white
fur coat with black bands across their shoulders and
black patches over their legs, ears, and eyes. Even
though giant pandas look like bears, they do not
behave like bears. Unlike their meat-eating relatives, giant pandas are vegetarians
for the most part. Their favorite food is bamboo. However, if they are extremely
hungry and bamboo is nowhere to be found, giant pandas may eat grass, fruits, or
sometimes, small animals like birds and fish.
1
Giant pandas have powerful jaws and jaw muscles that can crush bamboo
shoots, stems, and leaves between their large, flat teeth. They also have tough
linings in their throats to protect against sharp bamboo splinters. However, the
giant panda's digestive system is not good at absorbing fibers, the main part of
bamboo. Much of the bamboo passes through giant pandas' bodies undigested.
Thus, giant pandas must eat a lot of bamboo every day to get enough nourishment.
In fact, they spend at least 12 hours every day eating about 33 pounds of bamboo.
2
Giant pandas do not live in groups. They are loners! They only leave their
territory from March to May to look for a mate. Female giant pandas usually give
birth to twins. Baby giant pandas are very small, blind, and pinkish at birth. They
only weigh about 5 ounces at birth. They are about the size of a stick of butter!
Strangely, mother giant pandas tend to choose to raise just one baby and leave the
other to die. Mother giant pandas feed their babies with milk. A baby giant panda
opens its eyes at six to seven weeks. It starts to learn how to walk when it is about
three or four months old. Mother giant pandas look after their babies for about 18
months. Once the young is strong enough, it bids farewell to its mother and moves
out to live on its own.
3
14
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Instructions: Answer questions 1-6
Giant Pandas
1. In what kind of environment do giant 2. In what country are giant pandas
pandas live?
Rainforest
Mountain bamboo forest
The Arctic
Desert
3. What is giant pandas' favorite food?
Birds
Insects
Flowers
Bamboo
5. Why do giant pandas need to spend
at least 12 hours a day eating?
Giant pandas don't spend that
much time eating.
They have a very tender throat.
Hence, giant pandas need to be very
careful when eating bamboos.
Their teeth are not designed to
eat bamboo.
Their digestive system is not
good at absorbing fibers.
found?
Chile
Cyprus
Canada
China
4. Newborn pandas weigh about as
much as a stick of butter.
False
True
6. Which of the following statements
about giant pandas is not true?
Mother giant pandas usually
give birth to twins.
Giant pandas do not belong to
the bear family.
There are only about 1,600 wild
giant pandas in the world. They are
endangered!
Giant pandas have powerful
jaws and jaw muscles that can crush
bamboo shoots, stems, and leaves
between their large, flat cheek teeth.
15
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 13-China
Instructions: Read the fable, Chang’er Flew to the Moon and answer the following questions 1-6
Chinese Fable: Chang'er Flew to the Moon
A long, long time ago, there were ten suns glaring over China.
Under the intensive heat of ten suns, rivers dried up, land cracked,
crops died, and people starved. Frustrated, villagers gathered to
brainstorm a solution to ease away their pains. Of all the
suggestions, villagers agreed that Ho-Yi, an expert in using bows
and arrows, was their only hope.
1
Upon hearing the plea from his fellow villagers, Ho-Yi agreed to help right
away. He led a group of villagers to climb the highest mountain in China where he
could be as close to his targets as possible. Once he reached the mountaintop, he
stood firm, drew the first of ten arrows from the case that he carried on his back,
took an aim at one of the ten suns, and let go his hand. The arrow made a beautiful
arch across the sky and hit the center of his target. Immediately, the sun, with an
arrow piercing through, fell from the sky and vanished!
2
Villagers shouted out in excitement, and their cheers made Ho-Yi ever more
confident when he was ready to shoot down the second sun. Just like the first, the
second arrow that Ho-Yi took from his case made a beautiful arch across the sky
and brought down the second sun in the sky. Rounds of applause set Ho-Yi in
motion. As he drew more and more arrows from his case, there were fewer and
fewer suns left in the sky.
3
A wise old man kept glancing at Ho-Yi's arrow case. He noticed that Ho-Yi,
encouraged by the crowd's cheer, made no attempt to stop until he shot down the
very last sun hanging in the sky. The old man knew that life without a sun would
be equally miserable as life with ten suns, so he secretly retrieved one arrow from
Ho-Yi's case and hid it. When Ho-Yi was done with the ninth sun, he turned to get
the last arrow from his case. To his surprise, there was no arrow left in the case.
After extensive search, Ho-Yi still could not find the lost arrow. He reluctantly
gave up the idea of shooting down the last sun in the sky and left the mountaintop
with the crowd.
4
5
Ho-Yi became the hero who saved everybody's life!
The Queen Mother of the West, the wife of the almighty Chinese God, heard
about Ho-Yi's act of bravery. She made Ho-Yi the emperor of China. She also gave
him a bottle of magical pills that could make him live forever! She warned Ho-Yi
6
16
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
that he could only take one tablet at a time, or an unthinkable and irreversible
consequence would happen.
Ho-Yi was a compassionate and kind emperor at first. He worked very hard to
improve the life of his people. Everybody in the kingdom was happy. Then,
slowly, Ho-Yi withdrew from tending the kingdom. Instead, he started to pay more
and more attention to accumulating his wealth. Eventually, Ho-Yi became such a
corrupt and tyrannical emperor that he would kill anybody who was in his way.
The only person that Ho-Yi cared about, other than himself, was his beautiful wife,
Chang'er. Chang'er had a very good heart. Her benevolence was the exact opposite
from her husband's brutality. Although Ho-Yi adored his wife and was ready to
give her all the luxurious things that money could buy, he would not grant her what
she really wanted - having him be the compassionate and kind emperor that Ho-Yi
once was.
7
Chang'er witnessed how people suffered and felt powerless to alleviate their
agony. Then, one day, Chang'er got an idea. She remembered the bottle of magical
pills that the Queen Mother of the West had given Ho-Yi all those years ago. She
reasoned that if she could not make her husband change his behaviors, she could at
least make him mortal by getting rid of those tablets.
8
When Chang'er stole the bottle, she accidentally sounded off the alarm. Afraid
that Ho-Yi would live forever to torment his people, Chang'er ran as fast as she
could. Surprised by his wife's betrayal, Ho-Yi led the army to chase after Chang'er
and they quickly caught up with her. Panicked, Chang'er opened the bottle and
swallowed all the tablets. Ho-Yi wanted to stop her, but it was too late. To
everybody's astonishment, Chang'er became afloat after emptying the bottle. As if
having a pair of wings, Chang'er flew to the moon and has been living there ever
since!
9
17
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Instructions: Answer questions 1-7
Chinese Fable: Chang'er Flew to the Moon
1. What was Ho-Yi famous for?
His marksmanship with spears.
His marksmanship with shot guns.
2. How many arrows did Ho-Yi bring to
What was Ho-Yi famous for?
His marksmanship with spears.
the mountaintop?
His marksmanship with shot
Eight
guns.
Nine
His marksmanship with pistols.
Eleven
His marksmanship with bows and
Ten
arrows.
3. How many arrows did Ho-Yi use to
shoot down suns?
Eleven
Ten
Eight
Nine
5. Why was Chang'er unhappy?
4. The Queen Mother of the West, the
wife of the almighty Chinese God,
hid one of Ho-Yi's arrows so one sun
could be spared.
True
False
6. According to this Chinese fable,
Because her husband, Ho-Yi,
where is Chang'er living now?
refused to help his fellow villagers to
On the moon
shoot down suns in the sky.
On Saturn
Because her husband, Ho-Yi,
On Mars
was ruthless to the people of his
On Venus
kingdom.
7. Who gave Ho-Yi the bottle of
Because her husband, Ho-Yi,
magical pills that could make a
refused to build her a beautiful
person immortal?
palace.
The Queen Mother of the West
Because her husband, Ho-Yi,
The Queen Mother of the South
refused to share with her the magical
The Queen Mother of the North
pills that could make a person live
The Queen Mother of the East
forever.
18
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
Assignment 14-China
Instructions: Read the article, The Great Wall of China and answer the following questions 1-8
The Great Wall of China
By Sharon Fabian
Visitors to China always want to see the Great Wall. They know how big it is about 4,000 miles long. They know that it is the longest, biggest, and heaviest
thing that people ever built. They have heard a rumor about it, too. The rumor says
that it can be seen from the moon. This wall must be something to see!
1
Some visitors have already looked at pictures. The pictures show smiling
tourists walking on top of the wall. They show tired tourists climbing the steep
steps. They show tourists taking pictures.
2
Some visitors have read about the wall. They learned that it was first built over
2,000 years ago. They learned about how and why it was built.
3
At first there was not just one wall. There were several little walls. This
changed during the time known as the Qin Dynasty. The emperor decided to join
the little walls into one big one. One big wall would keep enemies out of the whole
country.
4
Chinese peasants built and built to change it into one big wall. On the plains,
they built the wall of earth. In the mountains, they built the wall of rocks. This long
wall protected their country. It protected them from enemies with swords and
spears. It protected them for hundreds of years.
5
Then, in the 1400s, new leaders took control of the country. This time period
was called the Ming Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty made the wall stronger. They
built new parts with bricks and tiles. They added watch towers.
6
Their soldiers used the wall to look out for enemies. They even built signal
fires on the wall. The wall kept the Mings safe inside their country. It kept them
safe for about 200 years.
7
Then, in the 1600s, new rulers took over again. The new Dynasty was called
Qing. They took over after their warriors crossed the wall from the north. Now
China became even bigger. It added on land to the north outside of the wall. Now
the wall was no longer the dividing line between China and its enemies.
8
19
Name _________________________________________
Mr. Zindman’s Class
Date ____________________________
6th Grade Word History Homework
The wall was no longer needed. Parts of the wall began to fall down. People
used its stones and bricks to build homes.
9
After more years, the wall became a tourist attraction. People from all over the
world came to see the wall. They got to walk on it and climb its steep steps. They
learned about its history.
10
They learned one more thing, too. They learned that you can't really see the
Great Wall from the moon.
11
Instructions: Answer questions 1-8
1. How long is the Great Wall?
2,000 miles
4,000 miles
200 miles
3. The word dynasty means _____.
Enemies
Time period when a certain
group rules
The people who built the wall
5. The wall was built of _____.
Earth, stone, bricks, and tiles
Concrete and steel
Earth only
7. China's little walls were combined
into one big wall. Which dynasty
was ruling at that time?
Ming
Qin
Qing
2. Look at the second paragraph. Find
another word for visitors.
Tourists
Dynasty
Pictures
4. The purpose for the wall was _____.
For tourists to visit
For people to walk on
To keep out enemies
6. China finally got so big that the wall
was no longer the dividing line
between China and its enemies.
Which dynasty was ruling at that
time?
Ming
Qin
Qing
8. If you were standing on the moon,
you could see the Great Wall.
False
True
20